1 Samuel 13

Saul’s Failure

1 Saul was 30 years
Some LXX mss; MT reads was one year
old when he became king, and he reigned 42 years
Text emended; MT reads two years
over Israel.
Some LXX mss omit v. 1
2He chose 3,000 men from Israel for himself: 2,000 were with Saul at Michmash d and in Bethel’s hill country, and 1,000 were with Jonathan in Gibeah e of Benjamin. He sent the rest of the troops away, each to his own tent.

3 Jonathan attacked the Philistine garrison
Or governor
g that was in Geba, h and the Philistines heard about it. So Saul blew the ram’s horn throughout the land i saying, “Let the Hebrews hear!”
LXX reads The slaves have revolted
4And all Israel heard the news, “Saul has attacked the Philistine garrison,
Or governor
and Israel is now repulsive to the Philistines.” Then the troops were summoned to join Saul at Gilgal.

5The Philistines also gathered to fight against Israel: 3,000
One LXX ms, Syr; MT reads 30,000
chariots, 6,000 horsemen, and troops as numerous as the sand on the seashore. n They went up and camped at Michmash, east of Beth-aven.
LXX reads Michmash, opposite Beth-horon to the south

6The men of Israel saw that they were in trouble because the troops were in a difficult situation. They hid in caves, thickets, among rocks, and in holes and cisterns. q 7Some Hebrews even crossed the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead.Saul, however, was still at Gilgal, and all his troops were gripped with fear. 8He waited seven days for the appointed time that Samuel had set, r but Samuel didn’t come to Gilgal, and the troops were deserting him. 9So Saul said, “Bring me the
burnt offering(s): Or holocaust, an offering completely burned to ashes; it was used in connection with worship, seeking God's favor, expiating sin, or averting judgment.
burnt offering and the
fellowship sacrifice(s) or offering(s): An animal offering was given to maintain and strengthen a person's relationship with God. It was not required as a remedy for impurity or sin but was an expression of thanksgiving for various blessings. An important function of this sacrifice was to provide meat for the priests and the participants in the sacrifice; it was also called the peace offering or the sacrifice of well-being.
fellowship offerings.” Then he offered the burnt offering.

10Just as he finished offering the burnt offering, Samuel arrived. So Saul went out to greet him, 11and Samuel asked, “What have you done?”Saul answered, “When I saw that the troops were deserting me and you didn’t come within the appointed days and the Philistines were gathering at Michmash, 12I thought: The Philistines will now descend on me at Gilgal, and I haven’t sought the Lord’s favor. So I forced myself to offer the burnt offering.”

13 Samuel said to Saul, “You have been foolish. u You have not kept the command which the Lord your God gave you. v It was at this time that the Lord would have permanently established your reign over Israel, w 14but now your reign will not endure. x The Lord has found a man loyal to Him,
Lit man according to His heart
z and the Lord has appointed him as ruler over His people, because you have not done what the Lord commanded.”
15Then Samuel went
LXX reads Samuel left Gilgal and went on his way, and the rest of the people followed Saul to join the people in his army. They went
from Gilgal to Gibeah in Benjamin. Saul registered the troops who were with him, about 600 men.

16 Saul, his son Jonathan, and the troops who were with them were staying in Geba ab of Benjamin, and the Philistines were camped at Michmash. 17 Raiding parties ac went out from the Philistine camp in three divisions. One division headed toward the Ophrah ad road leading to the land of Shual. 18The next division headed toward the Beth-horon ae road, and the last division headed down the border road that looks out over the Valley of Zeboim af toward the wilderness.

19 No blacksmith could be found in all the land of Israel, ag because the Philistines had said, “Otherwise, the Hebrews will make swords or spears.” 20So all the Israelites went to the Philistines to sharpen their plows, mattocks, axes, and sickles.
LXX; MT reads plowshares
21The price was two-thirds of a
shekel(s): In the OT the shekel is a measurement of weight that came to be used as money, either gold or silver.
Lit of a pim; about 1/4 ounce of silver
for plows and mattocks, and one-third of a shekel for pitchforks and axes, and for putting a point on an oxgoad.
22So on the day of battle not a sword or spear could be found in the hand of any of the troops who were with Saul ak and Jonathan; only Saul and his son Jonathan had weapons.

Jonathan’s Victory over the Philistines

23 Now a Philistine garrison al took control of the pass at Michmash.
Copyright information for HCSB