1 Samuel 15

Saul Rejected as King

1 Samuel told Saul, “The Lord sent me to anoint you as king over His people Israel. a Now, listen to the words of the Lord. 2This is what the Lord of
Hosts/hosts: Military forces consisting of God's angels, sometimes including the sun, moon, and stars, and occasionally, Israel
Hosts says: ‘I witnessed
LXX reads I will avenge
what the Amalekites did to the Israelites when they opposed them along the way as they were coming out of Egypt. d
3 Now go and attack the Amalekites and
set apart for destruction/ completely destroy: In Canaan or its neighboring countries, this was the destruction during war of a city, its inhabitants, and their possessions, including livestock.
completely destroy everything they have. f Do not spare them. Kill men and women, children and infants, oxen and sheep, camels and donkeys.’” g

4Then Saul summoned the troops and counted them at Telaim: 200,000 foot soldiers and 10,000 men from Judah. 5 Saul came to the city of Amalek and set up an ambush in the
wadi: A seasonal stream that flows only in the rainy season
6 He warned the Kenites, i “Since you showed kindness to all the Israelites when they came out of Egypt, j go on and leave! Get away from the Amalekites, or I’ll sweep you away with them.” So the Kenites withdrew from the Amalekites.

7Then Saul struck down the Amalekites k from Havilah l all the way to Shur, m which is next to Egypt. 8He captured Agag n king of Amalek alive, but he completely destroyed all the rest of the people with the sword. o 9 Saul and the troops spared Agag, and the best of the sheep, cattle, and choice animals,
Lit and the second
as well as the young rams and the best of everything else. They were not willing to destroy them, but they did destroy all the worthless and unwanted things.

10Then the word of the Lord came to Samuel, 11“I regret that I made Saul king, q for he has turned away from following Me and has not carried out My instructions.” r So Samuel became angry and cried out to the Lord all night. s

12Early in the morning Samuel got up to confront Saul, but it was reported to Samuel, “Saul went to Carmel t where he set up a monument for himself. Then he turned around and went down to Gilgal.” u 13When Samuel came to him, Saul said, “May the Lord bless you. v I have carried out the Lord’s instructions.”

14 Samuel replied, “Then what is this sound of sheep
Lit sheep in my ears
and cattle I hear?”

15 Saul answered, “The troops brought them from the Amalekites and spared the best sheep and cattle in order to offer a sacrifice to the Lord your God, x but the rest we destroyed.” y

16 “Stop!” exclaimed Samuel. “Let me tell you what the Lord said to me last night.”“Tell me,” he replied.

17 Samuel continued, “Although you once considered yourself unimportant, z have you not become the leader of the tribes of Israel? The Lord anointed you king over Israel 18and then sent you on a mission and said: ‘Go and completely destroy the sinful Amalekites. Fight against them until you have annihilated them.’ 19So why didn’t you obey the Lord? Why did you rush on the plunder aa and do what was evil in the Lord’s sight?”

20“But I did obey the Lord!” Saul answered.
Lit answered Samuel
“I went on the mission the Lord gave me: I brought back Agag, king of Amalek, and I completely destroyed the Amalekites.
21The troops took sheep and cattle from the plunder – the best of what was
set apart for destruction/ completely destroy: In Canaan or its neighboring countries, this was the destruction during war of a city, its inhabitants, and their possessions, including livestock.
set apart for destruction – to sacrifice to the Lord your God at Gilgal.” ad

22Then Samuel said:

Does the Lord ae take pleasure in
burnt offering(s): Or holocaust, an offering completely burned to ashes; it was used in connection with worship, seeking God's favor, expiating sin, or averting judgment.
burnt offerings and sacrifices
as much as in obeying the Lord?

Look: to obey is better than sacrifice,
to pay attention is better than the fat of rams. ag
23 For rebellion is like the sin of
divination: An attempt to foresee future events or discover hidden knowledge by means of physical objects such as water, arrows, flying birds, or animal livers
divination, ai
and defiance is like wickedness aj and idolatry.
Because you have rejected the word of the Lord,
He has rejected you as king. ak

24 Saul answered Samuel, “I have sinned. al I have transgressed the Lord’s command am and your words. Because I was afraid of the people, I obeyed them. 25 Now therefore, please forgive my sin an and return with me so I can worship the Lord.”

26 Samuel replied to Saul, “I will not return with you. Because you rejected the word of the Lord, ao the Lord has rejected you from being king over Israel.” 27When Samuel turned to go, Saul grabbed the hem of his robe, and it tore. 28 Samuel said to him, “The Lord has torn the kingship of Israel away from you today ap and has given it to your neighbor who is better than you. aq 29 Furthermore, the Eternal One of Israel ar does not lie or change His mind, for He is not man who changes his mind.” as

30Saul said, “I have sinned. Please honor me at now before the elders of my people and before Israel. Come back with me so I can bow in worship to the Lord your God.” au 31Then Samuel went back, following Saul, and Saul bowed down to the Lord.

32 Samuel said, “Bring me Agag king of Amalek.”Agag came to him trembling,
Hb obscure
for he thought, “Certainly the bitterness of death has come.”
LXX reads Is death bitter in this way?
Lit turned

33 Samuel declared:

As your sword has made women childless,
so your mother will be childless among women. ay

Then he hacked Agag to pieces before the Lord at Gilgal.

34 Samuel went to Ramah, az and Saul went up to his home in Gibeah ba of Saul. 35Even to the day of his death, Samuel never again visited Saul. bb Samuel mourned for Saul, bc and the Lord regretted He had made Saul king over Israel.
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