1 Samuel 2

Hannah’s Triumphant Prayer

1 Hannah prayed: a

My heart rejoices in the Lord; b
horn: A symbol of power based on the strength of animal horns
horn is lifted up by the Lord.
My mouth boasts over my enemies,
because I rejoice in Your salvation. d
2 There is no one holy like the Lord. e
There is no one besides You! f
And there is no rock like our God. g
3 Do not boast so proudly,
or let arrogant words come out of your mouth,
for the Lord is a God of knowledge,
and actions are weighed by Him. h
4 The bows of the warriors are broken, i
but the feeble are clothed with strength. j
5 Those who are full hire themselves out for food,
but those who are starving hunger no more.
The woman who is childless gives birth to seven, k
but the woman with many sons pines away. l
6 The Lord brings death and gives life; m
He sends some to
Sheol: A Hebrew word for either the grave or the realm of the dead
Sheol, and He raises others up. o
7 The Lord brings poverty and gives wealth; p
He humbles and He exalts. q
8 He raises the poor from the dust r
and lifts the needy from the garbage pile. s
He seats them with noblemen t
and gives them a throne of honor.
DSS, LXX add He gives the vow of the one who makes a vow and He blesses the years of the just

For the foundations of the earth are the Lord’s; v
He has set the world on them. w
9 He guards the steps
Lit feet
of His faithful ones, y
but the wicked perish in darkness, z
for a man does not prevail by his own strength. aa
10 Those who oppose the Lord will be shattered;
DSS, LXX read The Lord shatters those who dispute with Him
He will thunder in the heavens against them. ad
The Lord will judge the ends of the earth. ae
He will give power to His king;
He will lift up the horn of His anointed. af

11 Elkanah went home to Ramah, ag but the boy served the Lord in the presence of Eli the priest. ah

Eli’s Family Judged

12 Eli’s sons were
wicked men/ perverted men: Literally sons of Belial; the basic meaning of Belial in Hebrew is "worthless".
wicked men; aj they had no regard for the Lord ak
13or for the priests’ share of the sacrifices from the people. When any man offered a sacrifice, the priest’s servant would come with a three-pronged meat fork while the meat was boiling 14and plunge it into the container or kettle or cauldron or cooking pot. al The priest would claim for himself whatever the meat fork brought up. This is the way they treated all the Israelites who came there to Shiloh. 15 Even before the fat was burned, am the priest’s servant would come and say to the man who was sacrificing, “Give the priest some meat to roast, because he won’t accept boiled meat from you – only raw.” 16If that man said to him, “The fat must be burned first; then you can take whatever you want for yourself,” an the servant would reply, “No, I insist that you hand it over right now. If you don’t, I’ll take it by force!” 17So the servants’ sin was very severe in the presence of the Lord, because they treated the Lord’s offering with contempt. ao

18The boy Samuel served in the Lord’s presence ap and wore a linen ephod. aq 19Each year his mother made him a little robe ar and took it to him when she went with her husband to offer the annual sacrifice. as 20 Eli would bless Elkanah and his wife: at “May the Lord give you children by this woman in place of the one she
DSS; MT reads he
has given to the Lord.” av Then they would go home.

21The Lord paid attention to Hannah’s need, aw and she conceived and gave birth to three sons and two daughters. Meanwhile, the boy Samuel grew up in the presence of the Lord. ax

22Now Eli was very old. He heard about everything his sons were doing to all Israel ay and how they were sleeping with the women who served at the entrance to the tent of meeting. az 23He said to them, “Why are you doing these things? I have heard about your evil actions from all these people. 24 No, my sons, the report I hear from the Lord’s people is not good. 25 If a man sins against another man, God can intercede for him, but if a man sins against the Lord, who can intercede for him?” ba But they would not listen to their father, since the Lord intended to kill them. bb 26By contrast, the boy Samuel grew in stature and in favor with the Lord and with men. bc

27A man of God came to Eli and said to him, bd “This is what the Lord says: ‘Didn’t I reveal Myself to your ancestral house when it was in Egypt and belonged to Pharaoh’s palace? be 28Out of all the tribes of Israel, I selected your house
Lit selected him
to be priests, to offer sacrifices on My altar, to burn incense, and to wear an
ephod: A vestlike garment, extending below the waist and worn under the breastpiece, which was used by both the priests and the high priest
ephod in My presence. bh I also gave your house all the Israelite fire offerings.
29 Why, then, do all of you despise My sacrifices and offerings that I require at the place of worship? bi You have honored your sons more than Me, bj by making yourselves fat with the best part of all of the offerings of My people Israel.’

30 “Therefore, this is the declaration of the Lord, the God of Israel:

‘Although I said
your family and your ancestral house
would walk before Me forever, bk
the Lord now says, “No longer!”
I will honor those who honor Me, bl
but those who despise Me will be disgraced. bm

31 “‘Look, the days are coming when I will cut off your strength and the strength of your ancestral family, so that none in your family will reach old age. bn 32You will see distress in the place of worship, bo in spite of all that is good in Israel, and no one in your family will ever again reach old age. bp 33Any man from your family I do not cut off from My altar will bring grief
Lit grief to your eyes
and sadness to you. All your descendants will die violently.
DSS, LXX read die by the sword of men
Lit die men
34 This will be the sign that will come to you concerning your two sons Hophni and Phinehas: bt both of them will die on the same day. bu

35“‘Then I will raise up a faithful priest bv for Myself. He will do whatever is in My heart and mind. I will establish a lasting dynasty for him, bw and he will walk before My anointed one for all time. bx 36 Anyone who is left in your family will come and bow down to him for a piece of silver or a loaf of bread. He will say: Please appoint me to some priestly office so I can have a piece of bread to eat.’”
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