1 Samuel 4

1And Samuel’s words came to all Israel.

The Ark Captured by the Philistines

Israel went out to meet the Philistines in battle and
LXX reads In those days the Philistines gathered together to fight against Israel, and Israel went out to engage them in battle. They
camped at Ebenezer b while the Philistines camped at Aphek. c
2The Philistines lined up in battle formation against Israel, and as the battle intensified, Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who struck down about 4,000 men on the battlefield.

3When the troops returned to the camp, the elders of Israel asked, “Why did the Lord let us be defeated today by the Philistines? d Let’s bring the ark of the Lord’s covenant from Shiloh. Then it
Or He
will go with us and save us from the hand of our enemies.” f
4So the people sent men to Shiloh to bring back the ark of the covenant of the Lord of
Hosts/hosts: Military forces consisting of God's angels, sometimes including the sun, moon, and stars, and occasionally, Israel
Hosts, who dwells between the
cherubim: A class of winged angels, associated with the throne of God, who function as guardians and who prevented Adam and Eve from returning to the garden of Eden
cherubim. i Eli’s two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God.
5When the ark of the covenant of the Lord entered the camp, all the Israelites raised such a loud shout that the ground shook. j

6The Philistines heard the sound of the war cry and asked, “What’s this loud shout in the Hebrews’ camp?” When the Philistines discovered that the ark of the Lord had entered the camp, 7 they panicked. “The gods have entered their camp!” they said. “Woe to us, nothing like this has happened before.
Lit yesterday or the day before
8 Woe to us, who will rescue us from the hand of these magnificent gods? These are the gods that slaughtered the Egyptians with all kinds of plagues in the wilderness. 9Show some courage and be men, Philistines! l Otherwise, you’ll serve the Hebrews just as they served you. m Now be men and fight!”

10So the Philistines fought, and Israel was defeated, n and each man fled to his tent. o The slaughter was severe – 30,000 of the Israelite foot soldiers fell. 11The ark of God was captured, and Eli’s two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, died. p

Eli’s Death and Ichabod’s Birth

12 That same day, a Benjaminite man ran q from the battle and came to Shiloh. His clothes were torn, r and there was dirt on his head. 13When he arrived, there was Eli sitting on his chair beside the road watching, s because he was anxious about the ark of God. When the man entered the city to give a report, the entire city cried out.

14 Eli heard the outcry and asked, “Why this commotion?” The man quickly came and reported to Eli. 15At that time Eli was 98 years old, and his gaze was fixed
Lit his eyes stood; 1Kg 14:4
because he couldn’t see. u

16The man said to Eli, “I’m the one who came from the battle.
LXX reads camp
I fled from there today.”“What happened, my son?” w Eli asked.

17The messenger answered, “Israel has fled from the Philistines, and also there was a great slaughter among the people. Your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, are both dead, and the ark of God has been captured.” 18When he mentioned the ark of God, Eli fell backward off the chair by the city gate, x and since he was old and heavy, his neck broke and he died. Eli had judged Israel 40 years.

19Eli’s daughter-in-law, the wife of Phinehas, was pregnant and about to give birth. When she heard the news about the capture of God’s ark and the deaths of her father-in-law and her husband, she collapsed and gave birth because her labor pains came on her. 20As she was dying,
LXX reads And in her time of delivery, she was about to die
the women taking care of her said, “Don’t be afraid. You’ve given birth to a son!” z But she did not respond or pay attention.
21She named the boy Ichabod,
= Where is Glory?
saying, “The glory has departed from Israel,” ab referring to the capture of the ark of God ac and to the deaths of her father-in-law and her husband.
22“The glory has departed from Israel,” she said, “because the ark of God has been captured.”
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