1 Samuel 18

David’s Success

1When David had finished speaking with Saul, Jonathan committed himself to David, and loved him as much as he loved himself. a 2 Saul kept David with him from that day on and did not let him return to his father’s house.

3 Jonathan made a covenant with David b because he loved him as much as himself. 4Then Jonathan removed the robe he was wearing and gave it to David, c along with his military tunic, his sword, his bow, and his belt.

5 David marched out with the army and was successful in everything Saul sent him to do. Saul put him in command of the soldiers, which pleased all the people and Saul’s servants as well.

6As the troops were coming back, when David was returning from killing the Philistine, the women came out from all the cities of Israel to meet King Saul, d singing and dancing with tambourines, with shouts of joy, and with three-stringed instruments. 7As they celebrated, the women sang:

Saul has killed his thousands,
but David his tens of thousands. e

8 Saul was furious and resented this song.
Lit furious; this saying was evil in his eyes
“They credited tens of thousands to David,” he complained, “but they only credited me with thousands. What more can he have but the kingdom?” g
9So Saul watched David jealously from that day forward.

Saul Attempts to Kill David

10 The next day an evil spirit sent from God took control of Saul, h and he began to rave
Or prophesy
inside the palace. David was playing the lyre as usual, j but Saul was holding a spear, k
11and he threw it, thinking, “I’ll pin David to the wall.” l But David got away from him twice.

12 Saul was afraid of David, m because the Lord was with David n but had left Saul. o 13Therefore, Saul reassigned David and made him commander over 1,000 men. David led the troops p 14and continued to be successful in all his activities because the Lord was with him. q 15When Saul observed that David was very successful, he dreaded him. 16But all Israel and Judah loved David r because he was leading their troops. 17 Saul told David, “Here is my oldest daughter Merab. I’ll give her to you as a wife, s if you will be a warrior for me and fight the Lord’s battles.” t But Saul was thinking, “My hand doesn’t need to be against him; let the hand of the Philistines be against him.” u

18Then David responded, “Who am I, v and what is my family or my father’s clan in Israel that I should become the king’s son-in-law?” 19When it was time to give Saul’s daughter Merab to David, she was given to Adriel the Meholathite as a wife. w

David’s Marriage to Michal

20 Now Saul’s daughter Michal x loved David, and when it was reported to Saul, it pleased him.
Lit Saul, the thing was right in his eyes
21“I’ll give her to him,” Saul thought. “She’ll be a trap for him, and the hand of the Philistines will be against him.” z So Saul said to David a second time, “You can now be my son-in-law.” aa

22 Saul then ordered his servants, “Speak to David in private and tell him, ‘Look, the king is pleased with you, and all his servants love you. Therefore, you should become the king’s son-in-law.’”

23 Saul’s servants reported these words directly to David,
Lit words in David’s ears
but he replied, “Is it trivial in your sight to become the king’s son-in-law? I am a poor man who is common.” ac

24The servants reported back to Saul, “These are the words David spoke.”

25Then Saul replied, “Say this to David: ‘The king desires no other bride-price ad except 100 Philistine foreskins, to take revenge on his enemies.’” ae Actually, Saul intended to cause David’s death at the hands of the Philistines. af

26When the servants reported these terms to David, he was pleased
Lit David, it was right in David’s eyes
to become the king’s son-in-law. Before the wedding day arrived,
Lit And the days were not full
27 David and his men went out and killed 200
LXX reads 100
Philistines. He brought their foreskins and presented them as full payment to the king to become his son-in-law. Then Saul gave his daughter Michal to David as his wife. aj
28 Saul realized that the Lord was with David and that his daughter Michal loved him, 29and he became even more afraid of David. As a result, Saul was David’s enemy from then on.

30Every time the Philistine commanders came out to fight, ak David was more successful than all of Saul’s officers. al So his name became well known.
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