2 Chronicles 13

Judah’s King Abijah

1In the eighteenth year a of Israel’s King Jeroboam, Abijah
= Abijam in 1Kg 14:31-15:8
became king over Judah
2and reigned three years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Micaiah
LXX, Syr, Arabic read Maacah; 1Kg 15:2; 2Ch 11:22
d daughter of Uriel; she was from Gibeah.There was war between Abijah and Jeroboam.
3 Abijah set his army of warriors in order with 400,000 choice men. Jeroboam arranged his mighty army of 800,000 choice men in battle formation against him. 4Then Abijah stood on Mount Zemaraim, e which is in the hill country of Ephraim, and said, “Jeroboam and all Israel, hear me. 5 Don’t you know that the Lord God of Israel gave the kingship over Israel to David and his descendants forever f by a covenant of salt? g 6But Jeroboam son of Nebat, a servant of Solomon son of David, rose up and rebelled against his lord. h 7Then worthless and
wicked men/ perverted men: Literally sons of Belial; the basic meaning of Belial in Hebrew is "worthless".
wicked men gathered around him to resist Rehoboam son of Solomon when Rehoboam was young, inexperienced, and unable to assert himself against them.

8“And now you are saying you can assert yourselves against the Lord’s kingdom, which is in the hand of one of David’s sons. You are a vast number and have with you the golden calves that Jeroboam made for you as gods.
Or God; 1Kg 12:28
9 Didn’t you banish the priests of
Yahweh/Yah: Or The Lord; the personal name of God in Hebrew; "Yah" is the shortened form of the name.
Yahweh, the descendants of Aaron and the Levites, and make your own priests like the peoples of other lands do? m Whoever comes to ordain himself n with a young bull and seven rams may become a priest o of what are not gods. p

10“But as for us, Yahweh is our God. We have not abandoned Him; the priests ministering to the Lord are descendants of Aaron, and the Levites serve at their tasks. 11They offer a
burnt offering(s): Or holocaust, an offering completely burned to ashes; it was used in connection with worship, seeking God's favor, expiating sin, or averting judgment.
burnt offering and fragrant incense to the Lord every morning and every evening, r and they set the rows of the
Bread of the Presence: Literally bread of presentation; 12 loaves, representing the 12 tribes of Israel, put on the table in the holy place in the tabernacle, and later in the temple. The priests ate the previous week's loaves; Ex 25:30; 29:32; Lv 24:5-9.
bread of the Presence on the ceremonially
clean: When something is clean, it is holy or acceptable to God. When it is unclean, it is unholy (such as an unclean spirit). The term can be used in a ritual sense to apply to moral standards for living.
clean table. u They light the lamps of the gold lampstand every evening. We are carrying out the requirements of Yahweh our God, while you have abandoned Him. v
12 Look, God and His priests are with us at our head. The trumpets are ready to sound the charge against you. Israelites, don’t fight against the Lord God of your ancestors, for you will not succeed.” w

13Now Jeroboam had sent an ambush x around to advance from behind them. So they were in front of Judah, and the ambush was behind them. 14 Judah turned and discovered that the battle was in front of them and behind them, so they cried out to the Lord. y Then the priests blew the trumpets, 15and the men of Judah raised the battle cry. When the men of Judah raised the battle cry, God routed Jeroboam and all Israel before Abijah and Judah. z 16So the Israelites fled before Judah, and God handed them over to them. aa 17Then Abijah and his people struck them with a mighty blow, and 500,000 choice men of Israel were killed. 18The Israelites were subdued at that time. The Judahites succeeded because they depended on the Lord, the God of their ancestors.

19 Abijah pursued Jeroboam and captured some cities from him: Bethel and its villages, Jeshanah and its villages, and Ephron
Alt Hb tradition reads Ephrain
and its villages.
20 Jeroboam no longer retained his power
Lit He did not restrain the power of Jeroboam
during Abijah’s reign; ultimately, the Lord struck him ad and he died. ae

21However, Abijah grew strong, acquired 14 wives, and fathered 22 sons and 16 daughters. 22The rest of the events of Abijah’s reign, along with his ways and his sayings, are written in the Writing af of the Prophet Iddo. ag
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