2 Chronicles 33

Judah’s King Manasseh

1 Manasseh was 12 years old a when he became king and reigned 55 years in Jerusalem. 2He did what was evil in the Lord’s sight, imitating the detestable practices of the nations that the Lord had dispossessed before the Israelites. b 3He rebuilt the
high place(s): An ancient place of worship most often associated with pagan religions, usually built on an elevated location
high places that his father Hezekiah had torn down d and reestablished the altars for the
Baal: A fertility god who was the main god of the Canaanite religion and the god of rain and thunderstorms; also the Hebrew word meaning "lord," "master," "owner," or "husband"
Baals. He made
Asherah(s): A Canaanite fertility goddess, who was the mother of the god Baal; also the wooden poles associated with the worship of her
Asherah poles, and he worshiped the whole heavenly
Hosts/hosts: Military forces consisting of God's angels, sometimes including the sun, moon, and stars, and occasionally, Israel
host and served them.
4He built altars h in the Lord’s temple, where
Yahweh/Yah: Or The Lord; the personal name of God in Hebrew; "Yah" is the shortened form of the name.
Yahweh had said, “Jerusalem is where My name will remain forever.” j
5He built altars to the whole heavenly host in both courtyards k of the Lord’s temple. 6 He passed his sons through the fire in the Valley of Hinnom. l He practiced witchcraft,
divination: An attempt to foresee future events or discover hidden knowledge by means of physical objects such as water, arrows, flying birds, or animal livers
divination, and sorcery, and consulted mediums and spiritists. n He did a great deal of evil in the Lord’s sight, provoking Him.

7Manasseh o set up a carved image of the idol he had made, in God’s temple, p about which God had said to David and his son Solomon, “I will establish My name forever
LXX, Syr, Tg, Vg; 2Kg 21:7; MT reads name for Elom
r in this temple and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel. s
8I will never again remove the feet of the Israelites from the land where I stationed your
LXX, Syr, Vg read land I gave to their; 2Kg 21:8
u ancestors, v if only they will be careful to do all that I have commanded them through Moses – all the law, statutes, and judgments.”
9So Manasseh caused Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to stray so that they did worse evil than the nations the Lord had destroyed before the Israelites.

Manasseh’s Repentance

10 The Lord spoke to Manasseh and his people, but they didn’t listen. w 11So He brought against them the military commanders of the king of Assyria. They captured Manasseh with hooks, bound him with bronze shackles, and took him to Babylon. x 12When he was in distress, he sought the favor of Yahweh his God and earnestly humbled himself y before the God of his ancestors. 13He prayed to Him, so He heard his petition and granted his request, z and brought him back to Jerusalem, to his kingdom. So Manasseh came to know that Yahweh is God. aa

14 After this, he built the outer wall of the city of David from west of Gihon ab in the valley to the entrance of the Fish Gate; ac he brought it around the Ophel, ad and he heightened it considerably. He also placed military commanders in all the fortified cities of Judah.

15He removed the foreign gods and the idol ae from the Lord’s temple, along with all the altars that he had built on the mountain of the Lord’s temple and in Jerusalem, and he threw them outside the city. 16He built
Some Hb mss, Syr, Tg, Arabic; other Hb mss, LXX, Vg read restored
the altar of the Lord and offered
fellowship sacrifice(s) or offering(s): An animal offering was given to maintain and strengthen a person's relationship with God. It was not required as a remedy for impurity or sin but was an expression of thanksgiving for various blessings. An important function of this sacrifice was to provide meat for the priests and the participants in the sacrifice; it was also called the peace offering or the sacrifice of well-being.
fellowship and thank offerings on it. Then he told Judah to serve Yahweh, the God of Israel.
17 However, the people still sacrificed at the high places, ah but only to Yahweh their God.

Manasseh’s Death

18 The rest of the events ai of Manasseh’s reign, along with his prayer aj to his God and the words of the seers who spoke to him in the name of Yahweh, the God of Israel, are written in the Records of Israel’s Kings. 19His prayer and how God granted his request, and all his sin and unfaithfulness and the sites where he built high places and set up Asherah poles and carved images before he humbled himself, they are written in the Records of Hozai. 20 Manasseh rested with his fathers, and he was buried in his own house. His son Amon became king in his place.

Judah’s King Amon

21 Amon was 22 years old when he became king and reigned two years in Jerusalem. 22He did what was evil in the Lord’s sight just as his father Manasseh had done. ak Amon sacrificed to all the carved images that his father Manasseh had made, and he served them. 23But he did not humble himself before the Lord like his father Manasseh humbled himself; al instead, Amon increased his
guilt/guilty: The liability to be punished for a fault, a sin, an act, or an omission unless there is forgiveness or atonement; the term normally concerns an objective fact, not a subjective feeling.

24So his servants conspired against him and put him to death an in his own house. 25Then the common people
Lit the people of the land
executed all those who conspired against King Amon and made his son Josiah king in his place.
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