2 Chronicles 29

Judah’s King Hezekiah

1 Hezekiah was 25 years old a when he became king and reigned 29 years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Abijah
= Abi in 2Kg 18:2
daughter of Zechariah.
2He did what was right in the Lord’s sight c just as his ancestor David had done.

3In the first year of his reign, in the first month, he opened the doors of the Lord’s temple and repaired them. d 4Then he brought in the priests and Levites and gathered them in the eastern public square. e 5He said to them, “Hear me, Levites. Consecrate yourselves f now and consecrate the temple of
Yahweh/Yah: Or The Lord; the personal name of God in Hebrew; "Yah" is the shortened form of the name.
Yahweh, the God of your ancestors. Remove everything impure from the holy place.
6 For our fathers were unfaithful and did what is evil in the sight of the Lord our God. They abandoned Him, turned their faces away from the Lord’s tabernacle, and turned their backs on Him.
Lit and they gave the back of the neck
7They also closed the doors of the portico, extinguished the lamps, did not burn incense, and did not offer
burnt offering(s): Or holocaust, an offering completely burned to ashes; it was used in connection with worship, seeking God's favor, expiating sin, or averting judgment.
burnt offerings in the holy place of the God of Israel.
8Therefore, the wrath of the Lord was on Judah and Jerusalem, and He made them an object of terror, horror, and mockery,
Lit hissing
l as you see with your own eyes.
9Our fathers fell by the sword, and our sons, our daughters, and our wives are in captivity because of this. m 10It is in my heart now to make a covenant with Yahweh, the God of Israel n so that His burning anger may turn away from us. 11My sons, don’t be negligent now, for the Lord has chosen you to stand in His presence, to serve Him, and to be His ministers and burners of incense.” o

Cleansing the Temple

12 Then the Levites stood up:

Mahath p son of Amasai and Joel son of Azariah from the Kohathites;
Kish son of Abdi and Azariah son of Jehallelel from the Merarites; q
Joah son of Zimmah and Eden son of Joah from the Gershonites;
13 Shimri and Jeuel from the Elizaphanites;
Zechariah and Mattaniah from the Asaphites;
14 Jehiel
Alt Hb tradition reads Jehuel
and Shimei from the Hemanites;
Shemaiah and Uzziel from the Jeduthunites.

15They gathered their brothers together, consecrated themselves, s and went according to the king’s command by the words of the Lord t to cleanse the Lord’s temple. u

16The priests went to the entrance of the Lord’s temple to cleanse it. They took all the unclean things they found in the Lord’s sanctuary to the courtyard of the Lord’s temple. Then the Levites received them and took them outside to the Kidron Valley. v 17They began the consecration on the first day of the first month, and on the eighth day of the month they came to the portico of the Lord’s temple. They consecrated the Lord’s temple for eight days, and on the sixteenth day of the first month they finished.

18Then they went inside to King Hezekiah and said, “We have cleansed the whole temple of the Lord, the altar of burnt offering and all its utensils, and the table for the rows of the
Bread of the Presence: Literally bread of presentation; 12 loaves, representing the 12 tribes of Israel, put on the table in the holy place in the tabernacle, and later in the temple. The priests ate the previous week's loaves; Ex 25:30; 29:32; Lv 24:5-9.
bread of the Presence and all its utensils.
19We have set up and consecrated all the utensils that King Ahaz rejected during his reign x when he became unfaithful. They are in front of the altar of the Lord.”

Renewal of Temple Worship

20 King Hezekiah got up early, gathered the city officials, and went to the Lord’s temple. 21They brought seven bulls, seven rams, seven lambs, and seven male goats as a
sin offering(s): Or purification offering, the sin offering was the most important OT sacrifice for cleansing from impurities. It provided purification from sin and certain forms of ceremonial uncleanness.
sin offering for the kingdom, for the sanctuary, and for Judah. Then he told the descendants of Aaron, the priests, to offer them on the altar of the Lord.
22So they slaughtered the bulls, and the priests received the blood and sprinkled it on the altar. z They slaughtered the rams and sprinkled the blood on the altar. They slaughtered the lambs and sprinkled the blood on the altar. 23Then they brought the goats for the sin offering right into the presence of the king and the congregation, who laid their hands on them. aa 24The priests slaughtered the goats and put their blood on the altar for a sin offering, to make
atone/ atonement: A theological term for God's provision to deal with human sin. In the OT, it primarily means purification. In some contexts forgiveness, pardon, expiation, propitiation, or reconciliation is included. The basis of atonement is substitutionary sacrifice offered in faith. The OT sacrifices were types and shadows of the great and final sacrifice of Jesus on the cross.
atonement for all Israel, ac for the king said that the burnt offering and sin offering were for all Israel.

25Hezekiah stationed the Levites in the Lord’s temple with cymbals, harps, and lyres ad according to the command of David, ae Gad the king’s seer, af and Nathan the prophet. ag For the command was from the Lord through His prophets. 26The Levites stood with the instruments of David, ah and the priests with the trumpets. ai

27Then Hezekiah ordered that the burnt offering be offered on the altar. When the burnt offerings began, the song of the Lord and the trumpets began, accompanied by the instruments of David king of Israel. 28The whole assembly was worshiping, singing the song, and blowing the trumpets – all of this continued until the burnt offering was completed. 29When the burnt offerings were completed, the king and all those present with him bowed down and worshiped. aj 30Then King Hezekiah and the officials told the Levites to sing praise to the Lord in the words of David and of
Asaph: A musician appointed by David to oversee the music used in worship at the Temple; 12 psalms are attributed to Asaph.
Asaph the seer. So they sang praises with rejoicing and bowed down and worshiped.

31 Hezekiah concluded, “Now you are consecrated
Lit Now you have filled your hands
to the Lord. Come near and bring sacrifices and thank offerings to the Lord’s temple.” So the congregation brought sacrifices and thank offerings, and all those with willing hearts am brought burnt offerings.
32The number of burnt offerings the congregation brought was 70 bulls, 100 rams, and 200 lambs; all these were for a burnt offering to the Lord. 33 Six hundred bulls and 3,000 sheep were consecrated.

34 However, since there were not enough priests, they weren’t able to skin all the burnt offerings, so their Levite brothers helped them an until the work was finished and until the priests consecrated themselves. For the Levites were more conscientious
Lit upright of heart; Ps 32:11; 64:10
ap to consecrate themselves than the priests were. aq
35 Furthermore, the burnt offerings were abundant, along with the fat of the
fellowship sacrifice(s) or offering(s): An animal offering was given to maintain and strengthen a person's relationship with God. It was not required as a remedy for impurity or sin but was an expression of thanksgiving for various blessings. An important function of this sacrifice was to provide meat for the priests and the participants in the sacrifice; it was also called the peace offering or the sacrifice of well-being.
fellowship offerings as and with the
drink offering: An offering of a specified amount of wine or beer given along with animal sacrifices; it was poured over the sacrifice before it was burned.
drink offerings au for the burnt offering.So the service of the Lord’s temple was established.
36Then Hezekiah and all the people rejoiced over how God had prepared the people, for it had come about suddenly.
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