2 Kings 18

Judah’s King Hezekiah

1In the third year of Israel’s King Hoshea a son of Elah, Hezekiah b son of Ahaz became king of Judah. 2He was 25 years old when he became king and reigned 29 years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Abi
= Abijah in 2Ch 29:1
daughter of Zechariah.
3He did what was right in the Lord’s sight just as his ancestor David had done. d 4He removed the
high place(s): An ancient place of worship most often associated with pagan religions, usually built on an elevated location
high places, shattered the sacred pillars, and cut down the
Asherah(s): A Canaanite fertility goddess, who was the mother of the god Baal; also the wooden poles associated with the worship of her
Asherah poles. g He broke into pieces the bronze snake that Moses made, h for the Israelites burned incense to it up to that time. He called it Nehushtan.
= A bronze thing

5Hezekiah trusted in the Lord God of Israel; j not one of the kings of Judah was like him, either before him or after him. k 6He remained faithful to
Yahweh/Yah: Or The Lord; the personal name of God in Hebrew; "Yah" is the shortened form of the name.
Yahweh m and did not turn from following Him but kept the commands the Lord had commanded Moses.

7The Lord was with him, and wherever he went he prospered. n He rebelled against the king of Assyria and did not serve him. o 8 He defeated the Philistines as far as Gaza and its borders, p from watchtower q to fortified city.

Review of Israel’s Fall

9 In the fourth year of King Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Israel’s King Hoshea son of Elah, Shalmaneser king of Assyria marched against Samaria and besieged it. r 10The Assyrians captured it at the end of three years. In the sixth year of Hezekiah, which was the ninth year of Israel’s King Hoshea, Samaria was captured. 11The king of Assyria deported the Israelites to Assyria and put them in Halah and by the Habor, Gozan’s river, and in the cities of the Medes, s 12 because they did not listen to the voice of the Lord their God but violated His covenant – all He had commanded Moses the servant of the Lord. They did not listen, and they did not obey. t

Sennacherib’s Invasion

13 In the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah, Sennacherib king of Assyria attacked all the fortified cities of Judah and captured them. u 14So Hezekiah king of Judah sent word to the king of Assyria at Lachish, v saying, “I have done wrong; w withdraw from me. Whatever you demand from me, I will pay.” The king of Assyria demanded 11 tons
Lit 300 talents
of silver and one ton
Lit 30 talents
of gold from King Hezekiah of Judah.
15So Hezekiah gave him all the silver found in the Lord’s temple and in the treasuries of the king’s palace.

16At that time Hezekiah stripped the gold from the doors of the Lord’s sanctuary and from the doorposts he had overlaid and gave it to the king of Assyria. z

17Then the king of Assyria sent the Tartan, aa the Rab-saris, and the
Rabshakeh: The title of a high-ranking Assyrian official who was the chief cupbearer to the king
Rabshakeh, along with a massive army, from Lachish to King Hezekiah at Jerusalem. ac They advanced and came to Jerusalem, and
LXX, Syr, Vg; MT reads and came and
they took their position by the aqueduct of the upper pool, which is by the highway to the Fuller’s Field. ae
18Then they called for the king, but Eliakim af son of Hilkiah, who was in charge of the palace, Shebnah ag the court secretary, and Joah son of Asaph, the court historian, came out to them. ah

The Rabshakeh’s Speech

19 Then ai the Rabshakeh said to them, “Tell Hezekiah this is what the great king, the king of Assyria, says: ‘What are you relying on?
Lit What is this trust which you trust
20You think mere words are strategy and strength for war. What are you now relying on so that you have rebelled against me? al 21 Look, you are now trusting in Egypt, that splintered reed of a staff am that will enter and pierce the hand of anyone who leans on it. an This is how Pharaoh king of Egypt is to all who trust in him. 22 Suppose you say to me: We trust in the Lord our God. Isn’t He the One whose high places and altars Hezekiah has removed, ao saying to Judah and to Jerusalem: You must worship at this altar in Jerusalem?’

23“So now make a bargain with my master the king of Assyria. I’ll give you 2,000 horses if you’re able to supply riders for them! 24 How then can you drive back a single officer ap among the least of my master’s servants and trust in Egypt for chariots and for horsemen? 25Have I attacked this place to destroy it without the Lord’s approval? aq The Lord said to me, ‘Attack this land and destroy it.’”

26Then Eliakim son of Hilkiah, Shebnah, and Joah said to the Rabshakeh, “Please speak to your servants in Aramaic, ar since we understand it. Don’t speak with us in Hebrew
Lit Judahite
within earshot of the people on the wall.”

27But the Rabshakeh said to them, “Has my master sent me only to your master and to you to speak these words? Hasn’t he also sent me to the men who sit on the wall, destined with you to eat their own excrement and drink their own urine?” at

28The Rabshakeh stood and called out loudly in Hebrew.
Lit Judahite
Then he spoke: “Hear the word of the great king, the king of Assyria.
29This is what the king says: ‘Don’t let Hezekiah deceive av you; he can’t deliver you from my hand. aw 30 Don’t let Hezekiah persuade you to trust in the Lord by saying: Certainly the Lord will deliver us! This city will not be handed over to the king of Assyria.’ ax

31 “Don’t listen to Hezekiah, for this is what the king of Assyria says: ‘Make peace
Lit a blessing
with me and surrender to me. Then every one of you may eat from his own vine and his own fig tree, az and every one may drink water from his own cistern
32 until I come and take you away to a land like your own land – a land of grain and new wine, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of olive trees and honey ba – so that you may live bb and not die. But don’t listen to Hezekiah when he misleads you, saying: The Lord will deliver us. 33Has any of the gods of the nations ever delivered bc his land from the power of the king of Assyria? 34 Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivvah?
Some LXX mss, Old Lat read Sepharvaim? Where are the gods of the land of Samaria?
Have they delivered Samaria from my hand? be
35 Who among all the gods of the lands has delivered his land from my power? So will the Lord deliver Jerusalem?’” bf

36But the people kept silent; they didn’t say anything, for the king’s command was, “Don’t answer him.” 37Then Eliakim son of Hilkiah, who was in charge of the palace, Shebna the court secretary, and Joah son of Asaph, the court historian, bg came to Hezekiah with their clothes torn bh and reported to him the words of the Rabshakeh.
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