2 Samuel 23

David’s Last Words

1 These are the last words of David:

The declaration of David son of Jesse, a
the declaration of the man raised on high,
Or raised up by the high [God]

the one anointed by the God of Jacob, c
the favorite singer of Israel:
2 The Spirit of the Lord spoke through me,
His word was on my tongue. d
3 The God of Israel spoke;
the Rock of Israel said to me,
“The one who rules the people with justice,
who rules in the
fear(s) God or the Lord/ the fear of the Lord: No single English word conveys every aspect of the word fear in this phrase. The meaning includes worshipful submission, reverential awe, and obedient respect to the covenant-keeping God of Israel.
fear of God, f
4 is like the morning light when the sun rises
on a cloudless morning,
the glisten of rain on sprouting grass.”

5 Is it not true my house is with God?
For He has established an everlasting covenant g with me,
ordered and secured in every detail. h
Will He not bring about
my whole salvation and my every desire?
6 But all the wicked are like thorns raked aside;
they can never be picked up by hand.
7 The man who touches them
must be armed with iron and the shaft of a spear.
They will be completely burned up on the spot.

Exploits of David’s Warriors

8 These are the names of David’s warriors: iJosheb-basshebeth the Tahchemonite was chief of the officers.
Some Hb mss, LXX read Three
He wielded his spear
Some Hb mss; other Hb mss, LXX read He was Adino the Eznite
against 800 men that he killed at one time.

9 After him, Eleazar son of Dodo son of an Ahohite was among the three warriors with David when they defied the Philistines. The men of Israel retreated in the place they had gathered for battle, 10but Eleazar stood his ground and attacked the Philistines until his hand was tired and stuck to his sword. The Lord brought about a great victory that day. Then the troops came back to him, but only to plunder the dead.

11 After him was Shammah son of Agee the Hararite. The Philistines had assembled in formation where there was a field full of lentils. The troops fled from the Philistines, 12but Shammah took his stand in the middle of the field, defended it, and struck down the Philistines. So the Lord brought about a great victory.

13 Three of the 30 leading warriors went down at harvest time and came to David at the cave of Adullam, l while a company of Philistines was camping in the Valley of Rephaim. 14At that time David was in the stronghold, m and a Philistine garrison was at Bethlehem. 15 David was extremely thirsty
Lit And David craved
and said, “If only someone would bring me water to drink from the well at the city gate of Bethlehem!”
16So three of the warriors broke through the Philistine camp and drew water from the well at the gate of Bethlehem. They brought it back to David, but he refused to drink it. Instead, he poured it out to the Lord. 17David said, “Lord, I would never do such a thing! Is this not the blood of men who risked their lives?” So he refused to drink it. Such were the exploits of the three warriors.

18 Abishai, Joab’s brother and son of Zeruiah, o was leader of the Three.
Some Hb mss, Syr read the Thirty
He raised his spear against 300 men and killed them, gaining a reputation among the Three.
19Was he not more honored than the Three? He became their commander even though he did not become one of the Three. q

20 Benaiah son of Jehoiada r was the son of a brave man from Kabzeel, a man of many exploits. Benaiah killed two sons
LXX; MT omits sons
of Ariel
Or two warriors
of Moab, and he went down into a pit on a snowy day and killed a lion.
21 He also killed an Egyptian, a huge man. Even though the Egyptian had a spear in his hand, Benaiah went down to him with a club, snatched the spear out of the Egyptian’s hand, and then killed him with his own spear. 22 These were the exploits of Benaiah son of Jehoiada, who had a reputation among the three warriors. 23He was the most honored of the Thirty, but he did not become one of the Three. David put him in charge of his bodyguard.

24Among the Thirty were:

Joab’s brother Asahel, u
Elhanan son of Dodo of Bethlehem,
25 Shammah the Harodite,
Elika the Harodite,
26 Helez the Paltite,
Ira son of Ikkesh the Tekoite,
27 Abiezer the Anathothite,
Mebunnai the Hushathite,
28 Zalmon the Ahohite,
Maharai the Netophathite,
29 Heleb son of Baanah the Netophahite,
Ittai son of Ribai from Gibeah of the Benjaminites,
30 Benaiah the Pirathonite,
Hiddai from the
wadi: A seasonal stream that flows only in the rainy season
wadis of Gaash,
Or from Nahale-gaash

31 Abi-albon the Arbathite,
Azmaveth the Barhumite,
32 Eliahba the Shaalbonite,
the sons of Jashen,
Jonathan son of
Some LXX mss; MT omits son of; 1Ch 11:34
33 Shammah the Hararite,
Ahiam son of Sharar the Hararite,
34 Eliphelet son of Ahasbai son of the Maacathite,
Eliam son of Ahithophel the Gilonite, y
35 Hezro the Carmelite,
Paarai the Arbite,
36 Igal son of Nathan from Zobah,
Bani the Gadite,
37 Zelek the Ammonite,
Naharai the Beerothite, the armor-bearer for Joab son of Zeruiah,
38 Ira the Ithrite,
Gareb the Ithrite,
39 and Uriah z the Hittite. aa

There were 37 in all.
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