Acts 22

1 “Brothers and fathers, listen now to my defense before you.” 2When they heard that he was addressing them in the Hebrew language, they became even quieter. a 3He b continued, “I am a Jewish man, born in Tarsus of Cilicia but brought up in this city
Probably Jerusalem, but others think Tarsus
at the feet of Gamaliel d and educated according to the strict view of our patriarchal law. Being zealous for God, just as all of you are today, e
4I persecuted this Way f to the death, binding and putting both men and women in jail, g 5 as both the high priest and the whole council of elders can testify about me. After I received letters from them to the brothers, I traveled to Damascus to bring those who were prisoners there to be punished in Jerusalem. h

Paul’s Testimony

6 “As i I was traveling and near Damascus, about noon an intense light from heaven suddenly flashed around me. 7I fell to the ground and heard a voice saying to me, ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me?’

8 “I answered, ‘Who are You, Lord?’“He said to me, ‘I am Jesus the
Nazarene: A person from Nazareth; growing up in Nazareth was an aspect of the Messiah's humble beginnings; Jn 1:46.
Nazarene, the One you are persecuting!’
9 Now those who were with me saw the light,
Other mss add and were afraid
but they did not hear the voice of the One who was speaking to me. l

10 “Then I said, ‘What should I do, Lord?’“And the Lord told me, ‘Get up and go into Damascus, and there you will be told about everything that is assigned for you to do.’

11 “Since I couldn’t see because of the brightness of that light, I was led by the hand by those who were with me, and came into Damascus. m 12 Someone named Ananias, a devout man according to the law, having a good reputation with all the Jews residing there, n 13 came and stood by me and said, ‘Brother Saul, regain your sight.’ And in that very hour I looked up and saw him. 14 Then he said, ‘The God of our fathers has appointed o you to know His will, to see p the Righteous One, q and to hear the sound of His voice.
Lit to hear a voice from His mouth
15 For you will be a witness for Him to all people of what you have seen and heard. s 16 And now, why delay? Get up and be baptized, and wash away your sins t by calling on His name.’ u

17“After I came back to Jerusalem and was praying in the
temple complex: In the Jerusalem temple, the complex included the sanctuary (the holy place and the holy of holies), at least 4 courtyards (for priests, Jewish men, Jewish women, and Gentiles), numerous gates, and several covered walkways.
temple complex, I went into a visionary state w
18 and saw Him telling me, ‘Hurry and get out of Jerusalem quickly, because they will not accept your testimony about Me!’

19“But I said, ‘Lord, they know that in
synagogue(s): A place where the Jewish people met for prayer, worship and teaching of the Scriptures
synagogue after synagogue I had those who believed in You imprisoned and beaten. y
20 And when the blood of Your witness Stephen was being shed, I was standing by and approving,
Other mss add of his murder
and I guarded the clothes of those who killed him.’ aa

21 “Then He said to me, ‘Go, because I will send you far away to the Gentiles.’ab

Paul’s Roman Protection

22 They listened to him up to this word. Then they raised their voices, shouting, “Wipe this person off the earth – it’s a disgrace for him to live!” ac

23As they were yelling and flinging aside their robes and throwing dust into the air, ad 24 the commander ordered him to be brought into the barracks, directing that he be examined with the scourge, so he could discover the reason they were shouting against him like this. 25 As they stretched him out for the lash, Paul said to the
centurion: A Roman officer who commanded about 100 soldiers
centurion standing by, “Is it legal for you to scourge a man who is a Roman citizen and is uncondemned?” af

26When the centurion heard this, he went and reported to the commander, saying, “What are you going to do? For this man is a Roman citizen.”

27 The commander came and said to him, “Tell me – are you a Roman citizen?”“Yes,” he said.

28 The commander replied, “I bought this citizenship for a large amount of money.”“But I was born a citizen,” Paul said.

29 Therefore, those who were about to examine him withdrew from him at once. The commander too was alarmed when he realized Paul was a Roman citizen and he had bound him. ag

Paul before the Sanhedrin

30 The next day, since he wanted to find out exactly why Paul was being accused by the Jews, he released him
Other mss add from his chains
and instructed the
chief priest(s): A group of Jewish temple officers that included the highpriest, captain of the temple, temple overseers, and treasurers
chief priests and all the
Sanhedrin: The supreme council of Judaism with 70 members, patterned after Moses' 70 elders
Sanhedrin to convene. ak Then he brought Paul down and placed him before them.
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