Deuteronomy 32

Song of Moses

1 Pay attention, heavens, and I will speak;
listen, earth, to the words of my mouth. a
2 Let my teaching fall like rain
and my word settle like dew,
like gentle rain on new grass
and showers on tender plants.
3 For I will proclaim
Yahweh/Yah: Or The Lord; the personal name of God in Hebrew; "Yah" is the shortened form of the name.
Yahweh’s name.
Declare the greatness of our God!
4 The Rock – His work is perfect;
all His ways are entirely just.
A faithful God, without prejudice,
He is righteous and true.

5 His people have acted corruptly toward Him;
this is their defect
Or Him; through their fault; Hb obscure
– they are not His children
but a devious and crooked generation.
6 Is this how you repay the Lord,
you foolish and senseless people?
Isn’t He your Father and Creator?
Didn’t He make you and sustain you?
7 Remember the days of old;
consider the years long past.
Ask your father, and he will tell you,
your elders, and they will teach you.
8 When the
Most High: The Hebrew word is Elyon. It is often used with other names of God, such as El (God) or Yahweh (Lord); it is used to refer to God as the supreme being.
Most High gave the nations their inheritance
Or Most High divided the nations

and divided the
everyone/ human race: Literally, sons of man or sons of Adam
human race, g
He set the boundaries of the peoples
according to the number of the people of Israel.
One DSS reads number of the sons of God; LXX reads number of the angels of God

9 But the Lord’s portion is His people,
Jacob, His own inheritance.

10 He found him in a desolate land,
in a barren, howling wilderness;
He surrounded him, cared for him,
and protected him as the pupil of His eye. i
11 He watches over
Or He stirs up
His nest like an eagle
and hovers over His young;
He spreads His wings, catches him,
and lifts him up on His pinions. k
12 The Lord alone led him,
with no help from a foreign god.
Lit him, and no foreign god with Him

13 He made him ride on the heights of the land m
and eat the produce of the field.
He nourished him with honey from the rock
and oil from flint-like rock,
14 cream from the herd and milk from the flock,
with the fat of lambs,
rams from Bashan, and goats,
with the choicest grains of wheat;
you drank wine from the finest grapes.
Lit the blood of grapes

15 Then
DSS, Sam, LXX add Jacob ate his fill;
= Upright One, referring to Israel
q became fat and rebelled
you became fat, bloated, and gorged.
He abandoned the God who made him
and scorned the Rock of his salvation.
16 They provoked His jealousy with foreign gods;
they enraged Him with detestable practices. r
17 They sacrificed to demons, not God,
to gods they had not known,
new gods that had just arrived,
which your fathers did not fear. s
18 You ignored the Rock who gave you birth;
you forgot the God who gave birth to you.

19 When the Lord saw this, He despised them,
provoked to anger by His sons and daughters.
20 He said: “I will hide My face from them;
I will see what will become of them,
for they are a perverse generation
unfaithful children.
21 They have provoked My jealousy
with their so-called gods;
Lit with no gods

they have enraged Me with their worthless idols.
So I will provoke their jealousy
with an inferior people;
Lit with no people

I will enrage them with a foolish nation. v
22 For fire has been kindled because of My anger
and burns to the depths of
Sheol: A Hebrew word for either the grave or the realm of the dead
it devours the land and its produce,
and scorches the foundations of the mountains.

23 “I will pile disasters on them;
I will use up My arrows against them.
24 They will be weak from hunger,
ravaged by pestilence and bitter plague;
I will unleash on them wild beasts with fangs,
as well as venomous snakes that slither in the dust.
25 Outside, the sword will take their children,
and inside, there will be terror;
the young man and the young woman will be killed,
the infant and the gray-haired man. x

26 “I would have said: I will cut them to pieces
LXX reads will scatter them

and blot out the memory of them from mankind,
27 if I had not feared insult from the enemy,
or feared that these foes might misunderstand
and say: ‘Our own hand has prevailed;
it wasn’t the Lord who did all this.’”

28 Israel is a nation lacking sense
with no understanding at all.
Lit understanding in them

29 If only they were wise, they would figure it out;
they would understand their fate.
30 How could one man pursue a thousand,
or two put ten thousand to flight,
unless their Rock had sold them,
unless the Lord had given them up?
31 But their “rockis not like our Rock;
even our enemies concede.
32 For their vine is from the vine of Sodom
and from the fields of Gomorrah.
Their grapes are poisonous;
their clusters are bitter.
33 Their wine is serpents’ venom,
the deadly poison of cobras.

34 “Is it not stored up with Me,
sealed up in My vaults?
35 Vengeance
Sam, LXX read On a day of vengeance
belongs to Me; I will repay.
LXX, Tg, Vg read Me; and recompense I will recompense
In time their foot will slip,
for their day of disaster is near,
and their doom is coming quickly.”
36 The Lord will indeed vindicate His people
and have compassion on His servants ad
when He sees that their strength is gone
and no one is left – slave or free.
37 He will say: “Where are their gods,
the ‘rockthey found refuge in?
38 Who ate the fat of their sacrifices
and drank the wine of their
drink offering: An offering of a specified amount of wine or beer given along with animal sacrifices; it was poured over the sacrifice before it was burned.
drink offerings?
Let them rise up and help you;
let it
Sam, LXX, Tg, Vg read them
be a shelter for you.
39 See now that I alone am He;
there is no God but Me. ag
I bring death and I give life;
I wound and I heal.
No one can rescue anyone from My hand. ah
40 I raise My hand to heaven and declare:
As surely as I live forever,
41 when I sharpen My flashing sword,
and My hand takes hold of judgment,
I will take vengeance on My adversaries
and repay those who hate Me.
42 I will make My arrows drunk with blood
while My sword devours flesh
the blood of the slain and the captives,
the heads of the enemy leaders.”
Or the long-haired heads of the enemy

43 Rejoice, you nations, concerning His people,
LXX reads Rejoice, you heavens, along with Him, and let all the sons of God worship Him; rejoice, you nations, with His people, and let all the angels of God strengthen themselves in Him; DSS read Rejoice, you heavens, along with Him, and let all the angels worship Him; Heb 1:6
for He will avenge the blood of His servants.
DSS, LXX read sons

He will take vengeance on His adversaries;
DSS, LXX add and He will recompense those who hate Him; v. 41
He will purify His land and His people.
Syr, Tg; DSS, Sam, LXX, Vg read His people’s land

44 Moses came with Joshua
LXX, Syr, Vg; MT reads Hoshea; Nm 13:8,16
son of Nun and recited all the words of this song in the presence of the people.
45After Moses finished reciting all these words to all Israel, 46he said to them, “Take to heart all these words I am giving as a warning to you today, so that you may command your children to carefully follow all the words of this law. 47 For they are not meaningless words to you but they are your life, and by them you will live long in the land you are crossing the Jordan to possess.”

Moses’ Impending Death

48 On that same day the Lord spoke to Moses, aq 49“Go up Mount Nebo in the Abarim range in the land of Moab, across from Jericho, and view the land of Canaan I am giving the Israelites as a possession. 50Then you will die on the mountain that you go up, and you will be gathered to your people, just as your brother Aaron died on Mount Hor and was gathered to his people. ar 51 For both of you broke faith with Me among the Israelites at the waters of Meribath-kadesh in the Wilderness of Zin by failing to treat Me as holy in their presence. 52 Although from a distance you will view the land that I am giving the Israelites, you will not go there.” as
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