Everything is Futile1The words of the Teacher, ▼
▼Or of Qoheleth, or of the Leader of the Assembly, b son of David, king in Jerusalem. c 2 “Absolute futility,” says the Teacher.
“Absolute futility. Everything is futile.” d
3 What does a man gain for all his efforts
that he labors at under the sun? e
4 A generation goes and a generation comes,
but the earth remains forever. f
5 The sun rises and the sun sets;
panting, it returns to its place g
where it rises.
6 Gusting to the south,
turning to the north,
turning, turning, goes the wind h
and the wind returns in its cycles.
7 All the streams flow to the sea,
yet the sea is never full.
The streams are flowing to the place,
and they flow there again.
8 All things ▼
▼Or wordsare wearisome;
man is unable to speak.
The eye is not satisfied by seeing j
or the ear filled with hearing.
9 What has been is what will be,
and what has been done is what will be done;
there is nothing new under the sun.
10 Can one say about anything,
“Look, this is new”?
It has already existed in the ages before us.
11 There is no remembrance of those who ▼
▼Or of the things thatcame before; l
and of those who ▼
▼Or of the things thatwill come after
there will also be no remembrance
by those who follow them.
The Limitations of Wisdom12 I, the Teacher n have been ▼
▼Or Teacher, wasking over Israel in Jerusalem. 13I applied my mind to seek p and explore through wisdom all that is done under heaven. q God has given ▼
▼people: Literally sons of man or sons of Adampeople this miserable task to keep them occupied. s 14I have seen all the things that are done under the sun and have found everything to be futile, a pursuit of the wind. ▼
▼Or a feeding on wind, or an affliction of spirit, u 15 What is crooked cannot be straightened; v
what is lacking cannot be counted.
16 I said to myself ▼
▼Lit said with my heart“Look, I have amassed wisdom far beyond all those who were over Jerusalem before me, x and my mind has thoroughly grasped ▼
▼Or discernedwisdom and knowledge.” 17I applied my mind to know wisdom and knowledge, z madness and folly; aa I learned that this too is a pursuit of the wind. ▼
▼Or a feeding on wind, or an affliction of spirit, ac 18 For with much wisdom is much sorrow; ad
as knowledge increases, grief increases.
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