Ecclesiastes 2

The Emptiness of Pleasure

1 I said to myself, “Go ahead, I will test you with pleasure; a enjoy what is good.” But it turned out to be futile. 2I said about laughter, b “It is madness,” and about pleasure, “What does this accomplish?” 3I explored with my mind how to let my body enjoy life
Lit to pull my body
with wine d and how to grasp folly e – my mind still guiding me with wisdom – until I could see what is good for
people: Literally sons of man or sons of Adam
people to do under heaven
Two Hb mss, LXX, Syr read the sun
during the few days of their lives. h

The Emptiness of Possessions

4 I increased my achievements. I built houses i and planted vineyards j for myself. 5I made gardens k and parks for myself and planted every kind of fruit tree in them. 6I constructed reservoirs of water for myself from which to irrigate a grove of flourishing trees. l 7I acquired male and female servants and had slaves who were born in my house. m I also owned many herds of cattle and flocks, more than all who were before me in Jerusalem. n 8I also amassed silver and gold for myself, and the treasure of kings and provinces. o I gathered male and female singers for myself, p and many concubines, the delights of men.
LXX, Theod, Syr read and male cupbearers and female cupbearers; Aq, Tg, Vg read a cup and cups; Hb obscure
Or many treasures that people delight in
9So I became great and surpassed all who were before me in Jerusalem; s my wisdom also remained with me. 10 All that my eyes desired, I did not deny them. t I did not refuse myself any pleasure, for I took pleasure in all my struggles. This was my reward for all my struggles. u 11When I considered all that I had accomplished
Lit all my works that my hands had done
and what I had labored to achieve, I found everything to be futile and a pursuit of the wind. w There was nothing to be gained under the sun. x

The Relative Value of Wisdom

12 Then I turned to consider wisdom, y madness, and folly, for what will the man be like who comes after the king? He
Some Hb mss read They
will do what has already been done. aa
13And I realized that there is an advantage to wisdom over folly, like the advantage of light over darkness. ab

14 The wise man has eyes in his head,
but the fool walks in darkness. ac

Yet I also knew that one fate comes to them both. ad
15So I said to myself, “What happens to the fool will also happen to me. Why then have I been overly wise?” ae And I said to myself that this is also futile. 16 For, just like the fool, there is no lasting remembrance of the wise man, af since in the days to come both will be forgotten. How is it that the wise man dies just like the fool? 17Therefore, I hated life because the work that was done under the sun was distressing to me. For everything is futile and a pursuit of the wind.

The Emptiness of Work

18 I hated all my work that I labored at under the sun ag because I must leave it to the man who comes after me. ah 19And who knows whether he will be a wise man or a fool? ai Yet he will take over all my work that I labored at skillfully under the sun. This too is futile. 20So I began to give myself over
Lit And I turned to cause my heart
to despair concerning all my work that I had labored at under the sun.
21 When there is a man whose work was done with wisdom, knowledge, and skill, ak and he must give his portion to a man who has not worked for it, this too is futile and a great wrong. 22 For what does a man get with all his work and all his efforts al that he labors at under the sun? 23 For all his days are filled with grief, and his occupation is sorrowful; am even at night, his mind does not rest. an This too is futile.

24There is nothing better for man than to eat, drink, and enjoy
Syr, Tg; MT reads There is no good in man who eats and drinks and enjoys
Lit and his soul sees good
his work. aq I have seen that even this is from God’s hand, ar
25 because who can eat and who can enjoy life
LXX, Theod, Syr read can drink
apart from Him?
Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr read me
26 For to the man who is pleasing in His sight, He gives wisdom, knowledge, and joy, au but to the sinner He gives the task of gathering and accumulating in order to give to the one who is pleasing in God’s sight. av This too is futile and a pursuit of the wind. aw
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