Exodus 29

Instructions about Consecration

1 “This is what you are to do for them to consecrate them to serve Me as priests. Take a young bull and two unblemished rams, 2with unleavened bread, unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers coated with oil. Make them out of fine wheat flour, a 3 put them in a basket, and bring them in the basket, along with the bull and two rams. 4 Bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance to the tent of meeting and wash them with water. b 5Then take the garments and clothe Aaron with the tunic, the robe for the
ephod: A vestlike garment, extending below the waist and worn under the breastpiece, which was used by both the priests and the high priest
ephod, the ephod itself, and the breastpiece; fasten the ephod on him with its woven waistband. d
6 Put the turban on his head and place the holy diadem e on the turban. 7 Take the anointing oil, pour it on his head, and anoint f him. 8You must also bring his sons and clothe them with tunics. 9 Tie the sashes on Aaron and his sons and fasten headbands on them. The priesthood is to be theirs by a permanent statute. This is the way you will ordain Aaron and
Lit you will fill the hand of Aaron and the hand of; Ex 29:23-24
his sons. h

10“You are to bring the bull to the front of the tent of meeting, and Aaron and his sons must lay their hands on the bull’s head. i 11 Slaughter the bull before the Lord at the entrance to the tent of meeting. 12 Take some of the bull’s blood and apply it to the horns j of the altar with your finger; then pour out all the rest of the blood at the base of the altar. 13 Take all the fat k that covers the entrails, the fatty lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys with the fat on them, and burn them on the altar. 14But burn up the bull’s flesh, its hide, and its dung outside the camp; l it is a
sin offering(s): Or purification offering, the sin offering was the most important OT sacrifice for cleansing from impurities. It provided purification from sin and certain forms of ceremonial uncleanness.
sin offering.

15 “Take one ram, and Aaron and his sons are to lay their hands on the ram’s head. n 16You are to slaughter the ram, take its blood, and sprinkle it on all sides of the altar. 17 Cut the ram into pieces. Wash its entrails and shanks, and place them with its head and its pieces on the altar. 18Then burn the whole ram on the altar; it is a
burnt offering(s): Or holocaust, an offering completely burned to ashes; it was used in connection with worship, seeking God's favor, expiating sin, or averting judgment.
burnt offering to the Lord. It is a pleasing aroma, p a fire offering to the Lord.

19“You are to take the second ram, and Aaron and his sons must lay their hands on the ram’s head. q 20 Slaughter the ram, take some of its blood, and put it on Aaron’s right earlobe, on his sons’ right earlobes, on the thumbs of their right hands, and on the big toes of their right feet. Sprinkle the remaining blood on all sides of the altar. 21 Take some of the blood that is on the altar and some of the anointing oil, r and sprinkle them on Aaron and his garments, as well as on his sons and their garments. In this way, he and his garments will become holy, as well as his sons and their garments.

22 “Take the fat from the ram, the fat tail, the fat covering the entrails, the fatty lobe of the liver, the two kidneys and the fat on them, and the right thigh (since this is a ram for ordination
The priest would normally receive the right thigh to be eaten, but here it is burned; Lv 7:32-34.
23take one loaf of bread, one cake of bread made with oil, and one wafer from the basket of unleavened bread that is before the Lord; 24and put all of them in the hands of Aaron and his
Lit in the hands of his
sons and wave them as a presentation offering before the Lord. u
25 Take them from their hands and burn them on the altar on top of the burnt offering, as a pleasing aroma before the Lord; it is a fire offering to the Lord.

26 “Take the breast from the ram of Aaron’s ordination and wave it as a presentation offering before the Lord; it is to be your portion. v 27 Consecrate for Aaron and his sons w the breast of the presentation offering that is waved and the thigh of the contribution that is lifted up from the ram of ordination. 28This will belong to Aaron and his sons as a regular portion from the Israelites, for it is a contribution. It will be the Israelites’ contribution from their
fellowship sacrifice(s) or offering(s): An animal offering was given to maintain and strengthen a person's relationship with God. It was not required as a remedy for impurity or sin but was an expression of thanksgiving for various blessings. An important function of this sacrifice was to provide meat for the priests and the participants in the sacrifice; it was also called the peace offering or the sacrifice of well-being.
fellowship sacrifices, their contribution to the Lord.

29“The holy garments that belong to Aaron are to belong to his sons after him, so that they can be anointed and ordained
Lit him for anointing in them and for filling their hand
in them. z
30Any priest who is one of his sons and who succeeds him and enters the tent of meeting to minister in the sanctuary must wear them for seven days. aa

31“You are to take the ram of ordination and boil its flesh in a holy place. 32 Aaron and his sons are to eat the meat of the ram and the bread that is in the basket at the entrance to the tent of meeting. ab 33They must eat those things by which
atone/ atonement: A theological term for God's provision to deal with human sin. In the OT, it primarily means purification. In some contexts forgiveness, pardon, expiation, propitiation, or reconciliation is included. The basis of atonement is substitutionary sacrifice offered in faith. The OT sacrifices were types and shadows of the great and final sacrifice of Jesus on the cross.
atonement was made at the time of their ordination
Lit made to fill their hand
and consecration. An unauthorized person must not eat ae them, for these things are holy.
34 If any of the meat of ordination or any of the bread is left until morning, burn up what is left over. It must not be eaten because it is holy.

35“This is what you are to do for Aaron and his sons based on all I have commanded you. Take seven days to ordain them. 36 Sacrifice a bull as a sin offering each day for atonement. Purify
Or Make a sin offering on
the altar when you make atonement for it, and anoint it in order to consecrate it. ag
37For seven days you must make atonement for the altar and consecrate it. The altar will become especially holy; whatever touches the altar will become holy. ah

38 “This is what you are to offer regularly on the altar every day: two year-old lambs. ai 39In the morning offer one lamb, and at twilight offer the other lamb. aj 40With the first lamb offer two quarts
Lit offer a tenth
of fine flour mixed with one quart
Lit a fourth of a hin
of oil from crushed olives, and a
drink offering: An offering of a specified amount of wine or beer given along with animal sacrifices; it was poured over the sacrifice before it was burned.
drink offering of one quart
Lit a fourth of a hin
of wine.
41You are to offer the second lamb at twilight. Offer a
grain offering(s): An offering given along with animal sacrifices or given by itself. A portion was burnt and the priests and participant ate the remainder.
grain offering and a drink offering with it, like the one in the morning, as a pleasing aroma, a fire offering to the Lord.
42This will be a regular burnt offering throughout your generations at the entrance to the tent of meeting before the Lord, where I will meet you
= Moses
to speak with you. aq
43I will also meet with the Israelites there, and that place will be consecrated by My glory. ar 44I will consecrate the tent of meeting and the altar; I will also consecrate Aaron and his sons to serve Me as priests. 45I will dwell as among the Israelites and be their God. at 46And they will know that I am
Yahweh/Yah: Or The Lord; the personal name of God in Hebrew; "Yah" is the shortened form of the name.
Yahweh their God, who brought them out of the land of Egypt, so that I might dwell among them. I am Yahweh their God. av
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