Exodus 30

The Incense Altar

1“You are to make an altar for the burning of incense; make it of acacia wood. a 2It must be square, 18 inches long and 18 inches wide;
Lit one cubit its length and one cubit its width
it must be 36 inches high.
Lit wide; and two cubits its height
Its horns must be of one piece.
Lit piece with it
3 Overlay its top, all around its sides, and its horns with pure gold; make a gold molding all around it. 4 Make two gold rings for it under the molding on two of its sides; put these on opposite sides of it to be holders for the poles to carry it with. 5 Make the poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold.

6“You are to place the altar in front of the veil by the ark of the
testimony: A reference to either the Mosaic law in general or to a specific section of the law, the Ten Commandments, which were written on stone tablets and placed in the ark of the covenant (also called the ark of the testimony)
testimony – in front of the
mercy seat: Or place of atonement; the gold lid on the ark of the covenant, first used in the tabernacle and later in the temple
mercy seat that is over the testimony – where I will meet with you.
7 Aaron must burn fragrant incense on it; he must burn it every morning when he tends the lamps. g 8When Aaron sets up the lamps at twilight, he must burn incense. There is to be an incense offering before the Lord throughout your generations. 9You must not offer unauthorized incense on it, h or a
burnt offering(s): Or holocaust, an offering completely burned to ashes; it was used in connection with worship, seeking God's favor, expiating sin, or averting judgment.
burnt or
grain offering(s): An offering given along with animal sacrifices or given by itself. A portion was burnt and the priests and participant ate the remainder.
grain offering; you are not to pour a
drink offering: An offering of a specified amount of wine or beer given along with animal sacrifices; it was poured over the sacrifice before it was burned.
drink offering on it.

10 “Once a year Aaron is to perform the purification rite
Or to make atonement
on the horns of the altar. Throughout your generations he is to perform the purification rite
Or to make atonement
Or on
it once a year, with the blood of the
sin offering(s): Or purification offering, the sin offering was the most important OT sacrifice for cleansing from impurities. It provided purification from sin and certain forms of ceremonial uncleanness.
sin offering for
atone/ atonement: A theological term for God's provision to deal with human sin. In the OT, it primarily means purification. In some contexts forgiveness, pardon, expiation, propitiation, or reconciliation is included. The basis of atonement is substitutionary sacrifice offered in faith. The OT sacrifices were types and shadows of the great and final sacrifice of Jesus on the cross.
atonement. q The altar is especially holy to the Lord.”

The Atonement Money

11 The Lord spoke to Moses: 12 “When you take a census r of the Israelites to register them, each of the men must pay a ransom s for himself to the Lord as they are registered. Then no plague t will come on them as they are registered. 13 Everyone who is registered must pay half a
shekel(s): In the OT the shekel is a measurement of weight that came to be used as money, either gold or silver.
About 2/5 of an ounce of silver
according to the sanctuary shekel (20 gerahs to the shekel). This half shekel is a contribution to the Lord. w
14 Each man who is registered, 20 years old or more, must give this contribution to the Lord. 15The wealthy may not give more and the poor may not give less x than half a shekel when giving the contribution to the Lord to atone for
Or to ransom
your lives.
16 Take the atonement money
Lit the silver of the atonement
from the Israelites and use it for the service of the tent of meeting. It will serve as a reminder for the Israelites before the Lord to atone for
Or to ransom
your lives.” ab

The Bronze Basin

17 The Lord spoke to Moses: 18 “Make a bronze basin ac for washing and a bronze stand for it. Set it between the tent of meeting and the altar, and put water in it. 19 Aaron and his sons must wash their hands and feet from the basin. 20Whenever they enter the tent of meeting or approach the altar to minister by burning up an offering to the Lord, they must wash with water so that they will not die. 21They must wash their hands and feet so that they will not die; this is to be a permanent statute ad for them, for Aaron and his descendants throughout their generations.”

The Anointing Oil

22 The Lord spoke to Moses: 23 “Take for yourself the finest spices: ae 121/2 pounds
Lit 500 (shekels)
of liquid myrrh, half as much (61/4 pounds
Lit 250 (shekels)
) of fragrant cinnamon, 61/4 pounds
Lit 250 (shekels)
of fragrant cane,
24121/2 pounds
Lit 500 (shekels)
of cassia (by the sanctuary shekel), and one gallon
Lit a hin
of olive oil. ak
25 Prepare from these a holy anointing oil, a scented blend, the work of a perfumer; it will be holy anointing oil. al

26“With it you are to anoint am the tent of meeting, the ark of the testimony, 27the table with all its utensils, the lampstand with its utensils, the altar of incense, 28the altar of burnt offering with all its utensils, and the basin with its stand. 29 Consecrate them and they will be especially holy. Whatever touches them will be consecrated. 30 Anoint Aaron and his sons and consecrate an them to serve Me as priests.

31 “Tell the Israelites: This will be My holy anointing oil throughout your generations. 32It must not be used for ordinary anointing on a person’s body, and you must not make anything like it using its formula. It is holy, and it must be holy to you. 33 Anyone who blends something like it or puts some of it on an unauthorized person must be cut off ao from his people.”

The Sacred Incense

34 The Lord said to Moses: “Take fragrant spices: stacte, onycha, and galbanum; the spices and pure frankincense are to be in equal measures. 35 Prepare expertly blended incense from these; it is to be seasoned with salt, pure and holy. 36Grind some of it into a fine powder and put some in front of the testimony in the tent of meeting, where I will meet with you. It must be especially holy ap to you. 37As for the incense you are making, you must not make any for yourselves using its formula. It is to be regarded by you as sacred to the Lord. 38 Anyone who makes something like it to smell its fragrance must be cut off from his people.”
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