Exodus 39

Making the Priestly Garments

1They made specially woven
Hb obscure
garments for ministry in the sanctuary, and the holy garments for Aaron from the blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, just as the Lord had commanded Moses. b

Making the Ephod

2 Bezalel c made the
ephod: A vestlike garment, extending below the waist and worn under the breastpiece, which was used by both the priests and the high priest
ephod of gold, of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and of finely spun linen.
3They hammered out thin sheets of gold, and he
Sam, Syr, Tg read they
cut threads from them to interweave with the blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and the fine linen in a skillful design.
4They made shoulder pieces for attaching it; it was joined together at its two edges. 5The artistically woven waistband that was on the ephod was of one piece with the ephod, according to the same workmanship of gold, of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and of finely spun linen, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

6Then they mounted the onyx stones surrounded with gold filigree settings, engraved with the names of Israel’s sons as a gem cutter engraves a seal. 7He fastened them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as memorial stones for the Israelites, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Making the Breastpiece

8 He f also made the embroidered breastpiece with the same workmanship as the ephod of gold, of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and of finely spun linen. 9They made the breastpiece square and folded double, nine inches long and nine inches wide.
Lit a span its length and a span its width
10They mounted four rows of gemstones
Many of these stones cannot be identified with certainty.
on it. The first row was a row of carnelian, topaz, and emerald;
Or beryl
11the second row, a turquoise,
Or malachite, or garnet
a sapphire,
Or lapis lazuli
and a diamond;
Hb uncertain; LXX, Vg read jasper
12the third row, a jacinth,
Hb obscure
an agate, and an amethyst;
13and the fourth row, a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper. They were surrounded with gold filigree in their settings.

14The 12 stones corresponded to the names of Israel’s sons. Each stone was engraved like a seal with one of the names of the 12 tribes.

15They made braided chains of pure gold cord for the breastpiece. 16They also fashioned two gold filigree settings and two gold rings and attached the two rings to its two corners. 17Then they attached the two gold cords to the two gold rings on the corners of the breastpiece. 18They attached the other ends of the two cords to the two filigree settings and, in this way, attached them to the ephod’s shoulder pieces in front. 19They made two other gold rings and put them at the two other corners of the breastpiece on the edge that is next to the inner border of the ephod. 20They made two more gold rings and attached them to the bottom of the ephod’s two shoulder pieces on its front, close to its seam,
The place where the shoulder pieces join the front of the ephod
above the ephod’s woven waistband.
21Then they tied the breastpiece from its rings to the rings of the ephod with a cord of blue yarn, so that the breastpiece was above the ephod’s waistband and did not come loose from the ephod. They did just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Making the Robe

22 They o made the woven robe of the ephod entirely of blue yarn. 23There was an opening in the center of the robe like that of body armor
Hb obscure
with a collar around the opening so that it would not tear.
24They made pomegranates of finely spun blue, purple, and scarlet yarn
Sam, LXX, Vg add and linen
on the lower hem of the robe.
25They made bells of pure gold and attached the bells between the pomegranates, all around the hem of the robe between the pomegranates, 26a bell and a pomegranate alternating all around the lower hem of the robe
Lit bell and pomegranate, bell and pomegranate, on the hem of the robe around
to be worn for ministry. They made it just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

The Other Priestly Garments

27 They made the tunics of fine woven linen for Aaron and his sons. 28They also made the turban and the ornate headbands
Lit and the headdresses of headbands
of fine linen, the undergarments, t
29and the sash of finely spun linen of embroidered blue, purple, and scarlet yarn. They did just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Making the Holy Diadem

30 They also made a medallion, the holy diadem, out of pure gold and wrote on it an inscription like the engraving on a seal: u HOLY TO THE LORD.

31Then they attached a cord of blue yarn to it in order to mount it on the turban, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Moses’ Inspection of the Tabernacle

32 So all the work for the tabernacle, the tent of meeting, was finished. The Israelites did everything just as the Lord had commanded Moses. v 33Then they brought the tabernacle to Moses: the tent with all its furnishings, its clasps, its planks, its crossbars, and its posts and bases; 34the covering of ram skins dyed red and the covering of manatee skins;
Or of dolphin skins, or of fine leather; Hb obscure
the veil for the screen;
35the ark of the
testimony: A reference to either the Mosaic law in general or to a specific section of the law, the Ten Commandments, which were written on stone tablets and placed in the ark of the covenant (also called the ark of the testimony)
testimony with its poles and the
mercy seat: Or place of atonement; the gold lid on the ark of the covenant, first used in the tabernacle and later in the temple
mercy seat;
36the table, all its utensils, and the
Bread of the Presence: Literally bread of presentation; 12 loaves, representing the 12 tribes of Israel, put on the table in the holy place in the tabernacle, and later in the temple. The priests ate the previous week's loaves; Ex 25:30; 29:32; Lv 24:5-9.
bread of the Presence;
37the pure gold lampstand, with its lamps arranged and all its utensils, as well as the oil for the light; 38the gold altar; the anointing oil; the fragrant incense; the screen for the entrance to the tent; 39the bronze altar with its bronze grate, its poles, and all its utensils; the basin with its stand; 40the hangings of the courtyard, its posts and bases, the screen for the gate of the courtyard, its ropes and tent pegs, and all the equipment for the service of the tabernacle, the tent of meeting; 41and the specially woven
Hb obscure
garments for ministering in the sanctuary, the holy garments for Aaron the priest and the garments for his sons to serve as priests.
42The Israelites had done all the work according to everything the Lord had commanded Moses. ab 43 Moses inspected all the work they had accomplished. They had done just as the Lord commanded. Then Moses blessed them. ac
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