Ezekiel 40

The New Temple

1In the twenty-fifth year of our exile, at the beginning of the year, on the tenth day of the month in the fourteenth year after Jerusalem had been captured, a on that very day the Lord’s hand was on me, b and He brought me there. 2In visions of God c He took me to the land of Israel and set me down on a very high mountain. d On its southern slope was a structure resembling a city. 3He brought me there, and I saw a man whose appearance was like bronze, e with a linen cord and a measuring rod in his hand. f He was standing by the gate. 4He spoke to me: “Son of man, look with your eyes, listen with your ears, g and pay attention to everything I am going to show you, for you have been brought here so that I might show it to you. Report everything you see to the house of Israel.” h

The Wall and Outer Gates

5 Now there was a wall surrounding the outside of the temple. i The measuring rod in the man’s hand was six units of 21 inches;
= a long cubit
each unit was the standard length plus three inches.
Lit six cubits by the cubit and a handbreadth
He measured the thickness of the wall structure; it was about 10 feet,
Lit was one rod
and its height was the same.
Lit was one rod
6Then he came to the gate that faced east and climbed its steps. n He measured the threshold of the gate; it was 10 feet deep – the first threshold was 10 feet deep. 7Each recess was about 10 feet
Lit was one rod
long and 10 feet
Lit and one rod
deep, and there was a space of 83/4 feet
Lit five cubits
between the recesses. The inner threshold of the gate on the temple side next to the gate’s portico was about 10 feet.
Lit was one rod
8Next he measured the portico of the gate; 9 it
Some Hb mss, Syr, Vg; other Hb mss read gate facing the temple side; it was one rod. (9) Then he measured the portico of the gate; it
was 14 feet
Lit eight cubits
and its pilasters were 31/2 feet.
Lit two cubits
The portico of the gate was on the temple side.

10There were three recesses on each side of the east gate, each with the same measurements, and the pilasters on either side also had the same measurements. 11Then he measured the width of the gate’s entrance; it was 171/2 feet,
Lit 10 cubits
while the width
Lit length
of the gateway was 223/4 feet.
Lit 13 cubits
12There was a barrier of 21 inches
Lit one cubit
in front of the recesses on both sides, and the recesses on each side were 101/2 feet
Lit six cubits
square.
13Then he measured the gateway from the roof of one recess to the roof of the opposite one; the distance was 433/4 feet.
Lit 25 cubits
The openings of the recesses faced each other.
14Next, he measured the pilasters – 105 feet.
Lit 60 cubits
The gate extended around to the pilaster of the court.
Hb obscure
15The distance from the front of the gate at the entrance to the front of the gate’s portico on the inside was 871/2 feet.
Lit 50 cubits
16The recesses and their pilasters had beveled windows all around the inside of the gateway. ae The porticoes also had windows all around on the inside. Each pilaster was decorated with palm trees. af

17Then he brought me into the outer court, ag and there were chambers and a paved surface laid out all around the court. ah Thirty chambers faced the pavement, 18which flanked the gates and corresponded to the length of the gates; this was the lower pavement. 19Then he measured the distance from the front of the lower gate to the exterior front of the inner court; it was 175 feet.
Lit 100 cubits
This was the east; next the north is described.

20He measured the gate of the outer court facing north, both its length and width. 21Its three recesses on each side, its pilasters, and its portico had the same measurements as the first gate: 871/2 feet
Lit 50 cubits
long and 433/4 feet
Lit 25 cubits
wide.
22Its windows, portico, and palm trees had the same measurements as those of the gate that faced east. Seven steps led up to the gate, and its portico was ahead of them. 23The inner court had a gate facing the north gate, like the one on the east. He measured the distance from gate to gate; it was 175 feet.
Lit 100 cubits

24He brought me to the south side, and there was also a gate on the south. He measured its pilasters and portico; they had the same measurements as the others. 25Both the gate and its portico had windows all around, like the other windows. It was 871/2 feet
Lit 50 cubits
long and 433/4 feet
Lit 25 cubits
wide.
26Its stairway had seven steps, and its portico was ahead of them. It had palm trees on its pilasters, one on each side. 27The inner court had a gate on the south. He measured from gate to gate on the south; it was 175 feet.
Lit 100 cubits

The Inner Gates

28 Then he brought me to the inner court through the south gate. When he measured the south gate, it had the same measurements as the others. 29Its recesses, pilasters, and portico had the same measurements as the others. Both it and its portico had windows all around. It was 871/2 feet
Lit 50 cubits
long and 433/4 feet
Lit 25 cubits
wide.
30(There were porticoes all around, 433/4 feet long and 83/4 feet
Lit five cubits
wide.
Some Hb mss, LXX omit v. 30
)
31Its portico faced the outer court, and its pilasters were decorated with palm trees. Its stairway had eight steps.

32Then he brought me to the inner court on the east side. When he measured the gate, it had the same measurements as the others. 33Its recesses, pilasters, and portico had the same measurements as the others. Both it and its portico had windows all around. It was 871/2 feet
Lit 50 cubits
long and 433/4 feet
Lit 25 cubits
wide.
34Its portico faced the outer court, and its pilasters were decorated with palm trees on each side. Its stairway had eight steps.

35Then he brought me to the north gate. av When he measured it, it had the same measurements as the others, 36as did its recesses, pilasters, and portico. It also had windows all around. It was 871/2 feet
Lit 50 cubits
long and 433/4 feet
Lit 25 cubits
wide.
37Its portico
LXX; MT reads pilasters
faced the outer court, and its pilasters were decorated with palm trees on each side. Its stairway had eight steps.

Rooms for Preparing Sacrifices

38 There was a chamber whose door opened into the portico of the gate.
Text emended; MT reads door was by the pilasters, at the gates
The
burnt offering(s): Or holocaust, an offering completely burned to ashes; it was used in connection with worship, seeking God's favor, expiating sin, or averting judgment.
burnt offering was to be washed there. bb
39Inside the portico of the gate there were two tables on each side, on which to slaughter the burnt offering,
sin offering(s): Or purification offering, the sin offering was the most important OT sacrifice for cleansing from impurities. It provided purification from sin and certain forms of ceremonial uncleanness.
sin offering, bd and
restitution offering(s): An offering that was a penalty for unintentional sins, primarily in relation to the tabernacle or temple; traditionally trespass or guilt offering
restitution offering. bf
40 Outside, as one approaches the entrance of the north gate, there were two tables on one side and two more tables on the other side of the gate’s portico. 41So there were four tables inside the gate and four outside, eight tables in all on which the slaughtering was to be done. 42There were also four tables of cut stone for the burnt offering, bg each 311/2 inches
Lit one and a half cubits
long, 311/2 inches wide, and 21 inches
Lit one cubit
high. The utensils used to slaughter the burnt offerings and other sacrifices were placed on them.
43There were three-inch
Lit one handbreadth
hooks
Or ledges
fastened all around the inside of the room, and the flesh of the offering was to be laid on the tables.

Rooms for Singers and Priests

44 Outside the inner gate, within the inner court, there were chambers for the singers:
LXX reads were two chambers
,
bm one
LXX; MT reads singers, which was
beside the north gate, facing south, and another beside the south
LXX; MT reads east
gate, facing north.
45Then the man said to me: “This chamber that faces south is for the priests who keep charge of the temple. bp 46The chamber that faces north is for the priests who keep charge of the altar. These are the sons of Zadok, bq the ones from the sons of Levi who may approach the Lord to serve Him.” br 47Next he measured the court. It was square, 175 feet
Lit 100 cubits
long and 175 feet wide. The altar bt was in front of the temple.

48Then he brought me to the portico of the temple and measured the pilasters of the portico; they were 83/4 feet
Lit five cubits
thick on each side. The width of the gateway was 241/2 feet,
Lit 14 cubits
and the side walls of the gate were
LXX; MT omits 241/2 feet, and the side walls of the gate were
51/4 feet
Lit three cubits
wide on each side.
49The portico was 35 feet
Lit 20 cubits
across and 21
LXX; MT reads 191/4
feet
Lit 12 cubits
deep, and 10 steps led
MT reads and it was on steps that they would go
up to it. cc There were pillars by the pilasters, one on each side. cd
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