Greeting1 Paul a an apostle – not from men or by man, but by Jesus Christ and God the Father b who raised Him from the dead c – 2 and all the ▼
▼brother(s): The Greek word adelphoi can be used as a reference to males only or to groups that include males and females. It is the context of each usage that determines the proper meaning.brothers who are with me:To the churches of Galatia. ▼
▼A Roman province in what is now Turkey, f 3 Grace to you and peace from God the Father and our Lord ▼
▼Other mss read God our Father and the LordJesus Christ, 4who gave Himself for our sins h to rescue us from this present evil age, i according to the will of our God and Father. j 5To whom be the glory forever and ever. ▼
▼Amen: The transliteration of a Hebrew word signifying that something is certain, valid, truthful, or faithful; it is often used at the end of biblical songs, hymns, and prayers.Amen.
No Other Gospel6 I am amazed that you are so quickly turning away from Him who called l you by the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel – 7 not that there is another gospel, m but there are some n who are troubling you and want to change the good news ▼
▼Or gospelabout the ▼
▼Messiah: Or the Christ; the Greek word Christos means "the anointed one".Messiah. 8 But even if we or an angel q from heaven should preach to you a gospel other than what we have preached to you r a curse be on him! ▼
▼Or you, let him be condemned, or you, let him be condemned to hell; Gk anathema9 As we have said before, I now say again: If anyone preaches to you a gospel contrary to what you received t a curse be on him! 10 For am I now trying to win the favor of people, or God? u Or am I striving to please people? If I were still trying to please people, I would not be a ▼
▼slave: The strong Greek word doulos cannot be accurately translated in English by "servant" or "bond servant"; the HCSB translates this word as "slave," not out of insensitivity to the legitimate concerns of modern English speakers, but out of a commitment to accurately convey the brutal reality of the Roman empire's inhumane institution as well as the ownership called for by Christ.slave of Christ.
Paul Defends His Apostleship11 Now I want you to know, brothers, that the gospel preached by me is not based on human thought. ▼
▼Lit not according to man12 For I did not receive it from a human source and I was not taught it, but it came by a revelation x from Jesus Christ. y 13 For you have heard about my former way of life z in Judaism: aa I persecuted ab God’s church to an extreme degree and tried to destroy it. 14I advanced in Judaism beyond many contemporaries among my people, because I was extremely zealous for the traditions of my ancestors. ac 15 But when God, who from my birth set me apart and called ad me by His grace, was pleased 16to reveal His Son ae in me, so that I could preach Him among the Gentiles, I did not immediately consult with anyone. ▼
▼Lit flesh and blood17I did not go up to Jerusalem ag to those who had become apostles ah before me; instead I went to Arabia ai and came back to Damascus. aj 18 Then after three years I did go up to Jerusalem ak to get to know ▼
▼Cephas: The Aramaic word for rock; it is parallel to the Greek word petros from which the English name Peter is derived; Jn 1:42; 1 Co 1:12.Cephas ▼
▼Other mss read Peter, an and I stayed with him 15 days. 19 But I didn’t see any of the other apostles except James ao the Lord’s brother. 20 Now I am not lying in what I write to you. God is my witness. ▼
▼Lit Behold, before God21 Afterward, I went to the regions of Syria aq and Cilicia. ar 22I remained personally unknown to the Judean churches in Christ; 23they simply kept hearing: “He who formerly persecuted as us now preaches the faith at he once tried to destroy.” 24 And they glorified God because of me.
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