Galatians 2

Paul Defends His Gospel at Jerusalem

1 Then after 14 years I went up again a to Jerusalem with Barnabas b taking Titus c along also. 2I went up according to a revelation d and presented to them the gospel I preach among the Gentiles – but privately to those recognized as leaders – so that I might not be running, or have run the race, in vain. 3 But not even Titus who was with me, though he was a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised. 4This issue arose because of false brothers e smuggled in, who came in secretly to spy on the freedom that we have in Christ Jesus, in order to enslave us. 5But we did not give up and submit to these people for even an hour, so that the truth f of the gospel would be preserved for you.

6 Now from those recognized as important (what they really were makes no difference to me; God does not show favoritism
Or God is not a respecter of persons; lit God does not receive the face of man
h) – they added nothing to me.
7On the contrary, they saw that I had been entrusted with the gospel for the uncircumcised, i just as Peter j was for the circumcised, 8 since the One at work in Peter for an apostleship to the circumcised was also at work in me for the Gentiles. 9When James, k
Cephas: The Aramaic word for rock; it is parallel to the Greek word petros from which the English name Peter is derived; Jn 1:42; 1 Co 1:12.
Cephas, m and John, n recognized as pillars, o acknowledged the grace that had been given to me, they gave the right hand of fellowship to me and Barnabas, agreeing that we should go to the Gentiles and they to the circumcised.
10They asked only that we would remember the poor, p which I made every effort to do.

Freedom from the Law

11 But when Cephas
Other mss read Peter
came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face because he stood condemned.
Or he was in the wrong
12 For he regularly ate with the Gentiles before certain men came from James. However, when they came, he withdrew and separated himself, because he feared those from the circumcision party. 13 Then the rest of the Jews s joined his hypocrisy t so that even Barnabas was carried away by their hypocrisy. 14 But when I saw that they were deviating from the truth of the gospel, I told Cephas
Other mss read Peter
in front of everyone, “If you, who are a Jew, live like a Gentile v and not like a Jew w how can you compel Gentiles to live x like Jews?”
Some translations continue the quotation through v. 16 or v. 21.

15 We who are Jews by birth and not “Gentile sinners 16 know that no one is
justification/justify/justified: The act of God as judge that declares sinners (who were in the wrong) to be right or righteous in His sight. God is just in doing this because Jesus died on the cross to take away their sins and to give them His own righteousness (2Co 5:21). The sinner receives this justification by faith and by grace when he trusts Christ's work.
justified by the works of the law aa but by faith in Jesus Christ.
Or by the faithfulness of Jesus Christ
And we have believed in Christ Jesus so that we might be justified by faith in Christ
Or by the faithfulness of Christ
and not by the works of the law, because by the works of the law no human being will
Lit law all flesh will not
be justified.
17 But if we ourselves are also found to be “sinners” while seeking to be justified by Christ ae is Christ then a promoter
Or servant
ag of sin? Absolutely not! ah
18 If I rebuild ai the system
Lit rebuild those things that
I tore down, I show myself to be a lawbreaker. ak
19 For through the law I have died to the law al so that I might live for God. am I have been crucified with Christ
Other textual traditions place I have been crucified with Christ in v. 20.
20 and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. ao The life I now live in the body
Or flesh
I live by faith in the Son of God aq who loved ar me as and gave Himself at for me. au
21I do not set aside the grace of God, for if righteousness comes through the law, av then Christ died aw for nothing.
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