Genesis 14

Abram Rescues Lot

1In those days Amraphel king of
Shinar: A land in Mesopotamia, including ancient Sumer and Babylon; modern Iraq
Shinar, b Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam,
A region in southwest Iran
d and Tidal
The name Tidal may be related to the Hittite royal name Tudhaliya.
king of Goiim
Or nations
2 waged war against Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim g as well as the king of Bela (that is, Zoar h). 3 All of these came as allies to the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Dead Sea i). 4They were subject to Chedorlaomer for 12 years, but in the thirteenth year they rebelled. 5In the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him came and defeated the Rephaim j in Ashteroth-karnaim, the Zuzim in Ham, k the Emim in Shaveh-kiriathaim, 6and the Horites l in the mountains of Seir, as far as El-paran m by the wilderness. 7Then they came back to invade En-mishpat (that is, Kadesh n), and they defeated all the territory of the Amalekites, as well as the Amorites who lived in Hazazon-tamar. o

8Then the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar) went out and lined up for battle in the Valley of Siddim 9 against Chedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of Goiim, Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar – four kings against five. 10Now the Valley of Siddim contained many asphalt pits, and as the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, some fell into them,
Sam, LXX; MT reads fell there
but the rest fled to the mountains. q
11The four kings took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah and all their food and went on. 12They also took Abram’s nephew Lot and his possessions, for he was living in Sodom, r and they went on.

13One of the survivors came and told Abram the Hebrew, s who lived near the oaks belonging to Mamre the Amorite, the brother of Eshcol and the brother of Aner. They were bound by a treaty with
Lit were possessors of a covenant of
14When Abram heard that his relative had been taken prisoner, he assembled
Sam; MT reads poured out
his 318 trained men, born in his household, v and they went in pursuit as far as Dan. w
15And he and his servants deployed against them by night, attacked them, and pursued them as far as Hobah to the north of Damascus. 16He brought back all the goods and also his relative Lot and his goods, as well as the women and the other people.

Melchizedek’s Blessing

17 After Abram returned from defeating Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King’s Valley x). 18Then Melchizedek, king of Salem,
= Jerusalem
z brought out bread and wine; he was a priest to God
Most High: The Hebrew word is Elyon. It is often used with other names of God, such as El (God) or Yahweh (Lord); it is used to refer to God as the supreme being.
Most High. ab
19He blessed him and said:

Abram is blessed by God Most High,
Or Possessor
of heaven and earth,
20 and I give praise to
Or and blessed be
God Most High
who has handed over your enemies to you.

And Abram gave him a tenth of everything. ae

21Then the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people, but take the possessions for yourself.”

22But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I have raised my hand in an oath to
Yahweh/Yah: Or The Lord; the personal name of God in Hebrew; "Yah" is the shortened form of the name.
Yahweh, God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth,
23 that I will not take a thread or sandal strap or anything that belongs to you, so you can never say, ‘I made Abram rich.’ 24I will take nothing
Lit Nothing to me
except what the servants have eaten. But as for the share of the men who came with me – Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre – they can take their share.”
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