Hosea 10

The Vine and the Calf

1 Israel is a lush
Or ravaged
vine; b
it yields fruit for itself.
The more his fruit increased,
the more he increased the altars. c
The better his land produced,
the better they made the sacred pillars. d
2 Their hearts are devious;
Or divided
now they must bear their
guilt/guilty: The liability to be punished for a fault, a sin, an act, or an omission unless there is forgiveness or atonement; the term normally concerns an objective fact, not a subjective feeling.
guilt. h
The Lord will break down their altars i
and demolish their sacred pillars.
3 In fact, they are now saying,
“We have no king!
For we do not
fear(s) God or the Lord/ the fear of the Lord: No single English word conveys every aspect of the word fear in this phrase. The meaning includes worshipful submission, reverential awe, and obedient respect to the covenant-keeping God of Israel.
fear the Lord. k
What can a king do for us?”
4 They speak mere words,
taking false oaths while making covenants. l
So lawsuits break out
like poisonous weeds in the furrows of a field. m

5 The residents of Samaria n will have anxiety
over the calf o of Beth-aven. p
Indeed, its idolatrous priests rejoiced over it;
the people will mourn over it,
over its glory. q
It will certainly depart from them.
6 The calf itself will be taken to Assyria r
as an offering to the great king.
Or to King Yareb
Ephraim will experience shame; u
Israel will be ashamed of its counsel. v
7 Samaria’s king will disappear
Or will be cut off
like foam
Or a stick
on the surface of the water.
8 The
high place(s): An ancient place of worship most often associated with pagan religions, usually built on an elevated location
high places aa of Aven, the sin of Israel ab
will be destroyed;
thorns and thistles will grow over their altars. ac
They will say to the mountains ad “Cover us!”
and to the hills, “Fall on us!” ae

Israel’s Defeat because of Sin

9 Israel, you have sinned
since the days of Gibeah; af
they have taken their stand there.
Will not war against the unjust
overtake them in Gibeah?
10 I will discipline ag them at My discretion; ah
nations will be gathered against them
to put them in bondage
LXX, Syr, Vg read against them when they are disciplined

for their two crimes. aj

11 Ephraim is a well-trained calf ak
that loves to thresh,
but I will place a yoke on
Lit will pass over
her fine neck. am
I will harness Ephraim; an
Judah will plow;
Jacob will do the final plowing.
12 Sow righteousness for yourselves ao
and reap faithful love;
break up your unplowed ground. ap
It is time to seek the Lord aq
until He comes ar and sends righteousness
on you like the rain. as

13 You have plowed wickedness and reaped injustice; at
you have eaten the fruit of lies. au
Because you have trusted in your own way
LXX reads your chariots

and in your large number of soldiers aw
14 the roar of battle will rise against your people,
and all your fortifications will be demolished ax
in a day of war,
like Shalman’s destruction of Beth-arbel.
Mothers will be dashed to pieces
along with their children. ay
15 So it will be done to you, Bethel az
because of your extreme evil.
At dawn the king of Israel will be totally destroyed.
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