Hosea 12

God’s Case against Jacob’s Heirs

1 Ephraim chases
Or feeds on, or tends
the wind b
and pursues the east wind. c
He continually multiplies lies and violence.
He makes a covenant with Assyria, d
and olive oil is carried to Egypt. e

2 The Lord also has a dispute with Judah.
He is about to punish Jacob according to his ways; f
He will repay him based on his actions.
3 In the womb he grasped his brother’s heel, g
and as an adult he wrestled with God. h
4 Jacob struggled with the Angel and prevailed;
he wept and sought His favor. i
He found him
Or Him
at Bethel, k
and there He spoke with him.
LXX, Syr; MT reads us
Yahweh/Yah: Or The Lord; the personal name of God in Hebrew; "Yah" is the shortened form of the name.
Yahweh is the God of
Hosts/hosts: Military forces consisting of God's angels, sometimes including the sun, moon, and stars, and occasionally, Israel
Yahweh is His name. p
6 But you must return to your God. q
Maintain love and justice, r
and always put your hope in God. s

7 A merchant loves to extort t
with dishonest scales in his hands. u
8 But Ephraim says:
“How rich I have become; v
I made it all myself.
In all my earnings,
no one can find any crime in me w
that I can be punished for!”
Lit crime which is sin

Judgment on Apostate Israel

9 I have been Yahweh your God
ever since
LXX reads God who brought you out of
the land of Egypt. z
I will make you live in tents again, aa
as in the festival days.
10 I spoke through the prophets ab
and granted many visions;
I gave parables through the prophets. ac
11 Since Gilead is full of evil, ad
they will certainly come to nothing.
They sacrifice bulls in Gilgal; ae
even their altars will be like heaps of rocks af
on the furrows of a field.

Further Indictment of Jacob’s Heirs

12 Jacob fled to the land of Aram. ag
Israel worked to earn a wife; ah
he tended flocks for a wife. ai
13 The Lord brought Israel from Egypt by a prophet, aj
and Israel was tended by a prophet.

14 Ephraim has provoked bitter anger, ak
so his Lord will leave his bloodguilt on him al
and repay him for his contempt. am
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