Hosea 13

1When Ephraim spoke, a there was trembling;

he was exalted in Israel. b
But he incurred
guilt/guilty: The liability to be punished for a fault, a sin, an act, or an omission unless there is forgiveness or atonement; the term normally concerns an objective fact, not a subjective feeling.
guilt through
Baal: A fertility god who was the main god of the Canaanite religion and the god of rain and thunderstorms; also the Hebrew word meaning "lord," "master," "owner," or "husband"
Baal e and died.

2 Now they continue to sin
and make themselves a cast image, f
idols skillfully made from their silver, g
all of them the work of craftsmen. h
People say about them,
“Let the men who sacrifice
Or Those who make human sacrifices
kiss the calves.” j
3 Therefore, they will be like the morning mist, k
like the early dew that vanishes,
like chaff blown from a threshing floor, l
or like smoke from a window. m

Death and Resurrection

4 I have been
Yahweh/Yah: Or The Lord; the personal name of God in Hebrew; "Yah" is the shortened form of the name.
Yahweh your God o
ever since
DSS, LXX read God who brought you out of
the land of Egypt;
you know no God but Me, q
and no Savior exists besides Me. r
5 I knew
LXX, Syr read fed
you in the wilderness, t
in the land of drought.
6 When they had pasture,
they became satisfied; u
they were satisfied,
and their hearts became proud. v
Therefore they forgot Me. w
7 So I will be like a lion x to them;
I will lurk like a leopard y on the path.
8 I will attack them
like a bear robbed of her cubs
and tear open the rib cage over their hearts.
I will devour them there like a lioness, z
like a wild beast that would rip them open.
9 I will destroy you, Israel;
you have no help but Me.
LXX reads At your destruction, Israel, who will help you?

10 Where now is your king,
LXX, Syr, Vg; MT reads I will be your king
that he may save you in all your cities,
and the
Lit your
Or judges
ag you demanded, saying,
“Give me a king and leaders”?
11 I give you a king in My anger ah
and take away a king in My wrath. ai
12 Ephraim’s guilt is preserved;
his sin is stored up. aj
13 Labor pains come on him. ak
He is not a wise son; al
when the time comes,
he will not be born.
Lit he will not present himself at the opening of the womb for sons

14 I will ransom them from the power of
Sheol: A Hebrew word for either the grave or the realm of the dead
I will redeem
Or Should I ransom . . . Should I redeem . . . ?
them from death. aq
Death, where are your barbs?
Sheol, where is your sting? ar
Compassion is hidden from My eyes. as

The Coming Judgment

15 Although he flourishes among his brothers,
Or among reeds
an east wind will come, av
a wind from the Lord rising up from the desert.
His water source will fail,
and his spring will run dry. aw
The wind
Probably the Assyrian king
will plunder the treasury ay
of every precious item.

Hs 14:1 in Hb
Samaria ba will bear her guilt bb
because she has rebelled against her God. bc
They will fall by the sword; bd
their little ones will be dashed to pieces, be
and their pregnant women ripped open. bf
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