Isaiah 28

Woe to Samaria

1 Woe to the majestic crown of Ephraim’s drunkards, a
and to the fading flower of its beautiful splendor,
which is on the summit above the rich valley.
Woe to those overcome with wine.
2 Look, the Lord has a strong and mighty one b
like a devastating hail storm,
like a storm with strong flooding waters.
He will bring it across the land with His hand.
3 The majestic crown of Ephraim’s drunkards
will be trampled underfoot.
4 The fading flower of his beautiful splendor,
which is on the summit above the rich valley,
will be like a ripe fig before the summer harvest. c
Whoever sees it will swallow it
while it is still in his hand.
5 On that day
the Lord of
Hosts/hosts: Military forces consisting of God's angels, sometimes including the sun, moon, and stars, and occasionally, Israel
Hosts will become a crown of beauty
and a diadem of splendor e
to the remnant of His people,
6 a spirit of justice
to the one who sits in judgment, f
and strength
to those who turn back the battle at the gate.

7 These also stagger because of wine
and stumble under the influence of beer:
priest and prophet stagger because of beer,
they are confused by wine. g
They stumble because of beer,
they are muddled in their visions,
they stumble in their judgments.
8 Indeed, all their tables are covered with vomit;
there is no place without a stench.
9 Who is he
Or He
trying to teach?
Who is he
Or He
trying to instruct?
Lit Those
just weaned from milk?
Lit Those
removed from the breast?
10 For he says: “Law after law, law after law,
line after line, line after line,
a little here, a little there.”
Hb obscure
Perhaps the mockers of v. 9 are mimicking the prophet’s words as baby talk.

11 So He will speak to this people
with stammering speech
and in a foreign language. n
12 He had said to them:
“This is the place of rest,
let the weary rest; o
this is the place of repose.”
But they would not listen.

13 Then the word of the Lord came to them:
“Law after law, law after law,
line after line, line after line,
a little here, a little there,”
Hb obscure
The Lord quotes the mockers' words in v. 10 to represent the unintelligible language of the Assyrian invaders.

so they go stumbling backward,
to be broken, trapped, and captured. r

A Deal with Death

14 Therefore hear the word of the Lord, s you mockers t
who rule this people in Jerusalem.
15 For you said, “We have cut a deal with Death,
and we have made an agreement with
Sheol: A Hebrew word for either the grave or the realm of the dead
when the overwhelming scourge passes through, v
it will not touch us,
because we have made falsehood our refuge
and have hidden behind treachery.”
16 Therefore the Lord God said:
“Look, I have laid a stone w in
Zion: Originally a term for the fortified section of Jerusalem and then, by extension, used for the temple and the city of Jerusalem both in the present time and in the future
a tested stone,
a precious cornerstone, a sure foundation; y
the one who believes will be unshakable.
Lit will not hurry
17 And I will make justice the measuring line
and righteousness the mason’s level.” ab
Hail will sweep away the false refuge,
and water will flood your hiding place.
18 Your deal with Death will be dissolved,
and your agreement with Sheol will not last.
When the overwhelming scourge passes through,
you will be trampled.
19 Every time it passes through,
it will carry you away;
it will pass through every morning
every day and every night.
Only terror ac will cause you
to understand the message.
Or The understanding of the message will cause sheer terror

20 Indeed, the bed is too short to stretch out on,
and its cover too small to wrap up in.
21 For the Lord will rise up as He did at Mount Perazim. ae
He will rise in wrath, as at the Valley of Gibeon, af
to do His work, His strange work,
and to perform His task, His disturbing task.
22 So now, do not mock,
or your shackles will become stronger.
Indeed, I have heard from the Lord God of Hosts
a decree of destruction for the whole land. ag

God’s Wonderful Advice

23 Listen and hear my voice.
Pay attention and hear what I say.
24 Does the plowman plow every day to plant seed?
Does he continuously break up and cultivate the soil?
25 When he has leveled its surface,
does he not then scatter black cumin and sow cumin?
He plants wheat in rows and barley in plots,
with spelt as their border.
26 His God teaches him order;
He instructs him.
27 Certainly black cumin is not threshed
with a threshing board,
and a cart wheel is not rolled over the cumin.
But black cumin is beaten out with a stick,
and cumin with a rod.
28 Bread grain is crushed,
but is not threshed endlessly.
Though the wheel of the farmer’s cart rumbles,
his horses do not crush it.
29 This also comes from the Lord of Hosts.
He gives wonderful advice;
He gives great wisdom. ah
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