Jeremiah 50

Prophecies against Babylon

1The word the Lord spoke about Babylon, a the land of the Chaldeans, through Jeremiah the prophet:

2 Announce to the nations;
proclaim and raise up a signal flag; b
proclaim, and hide nothing.
Say: Babylon is captured;
Bel c is put to shame;
Marduk is devastated;
her idols are put to shame;
her false gods, devastated.
3 For a nation from the north will come against her; d
it will make her land desolate.
No one will be living in it –
both man and beast will escape.
Lit escape; they will walk

4 In those days and at that time
this is the Lord’s declaration

the Israelites and Judeans will come together,
weeping as they come,
and will seek the Lord their God. f
5 They will ask about
Zion: Originally a term for the fortified section of Jerusalem and then, by extension, used for the temple and the city of Jerusalem both in the present time and in the future
turning their faces to this road.
They will come and join themselves
LXX; MT reads Come and join yourselves
to the Lord
in an everlasting covenant i that will never be forgotten.

6 My people are lost sheep; j
their shepherds have led them astray,
guiding them the wrong way in the mountains. k
They have wandered from mountain to hill;
they have forgotten their resting place.
7 All who found them devoured them.
Their adversaries said, “We’re not
guilt/guilty: The liability to be punished for a fault, a sin, an act, or an omission unless there is forgiveness or atonement; the term normally concerns an objective fact, not a subjective feeling.
instead, they have sinned against the Lord,
their righteous grazing land, m
the hope of their ancestors, n the Lord.”

8 Escape from Babylon; o
depart from the Chaldeans’ land.
Be like the rams that lead the flock.
9 For I will soon stir up and bring against Babylon
an assembly of great nations from the north country.
They will line up in battle formation against her;
from there she will be captured.
Their arrows will be like those of a skilled
Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr; other Hb mss read bereaving
who does not return empty-handed.
10 The Chaldeans will become plunder;
all Babylon’s plunderers will be fully satisfied.
This is the Lord’s declaration.

11 Because you rejoice,
because you sing in triumph
you who plundered My inheritance
because you frolic like a young cow treading grain
and neigh like stallions, q
12 your mother will be utterly humiliated;
she who bore you will be put to shame.
Look! She will lag behind all
Lit Look! The last of
the nations
a dry land, a wilderness, s an
Arabah: The section of the Great Rift in Palestine, extending from the Jordan Valley and the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqabah. The Hebrew word can also be translated as "plain," referring to any plain or to any part of the Arabah.
13 Because of the Lord’s wrath,
she will not be inhabited;
she will become a desolation, every bit of her.
Everyone who passes through Babylon
will be horrified
and scoff because of all her wounds. u
14 Line up in battle formation around Babylon,
all you archers!
Shoot at her! Do not spare an arrow,
for she has sinned against the Lord.
15 Raise a war cry against her on every side!
She has thrown up her hands in surrender;
her defense towers have fallen;
her walls are demolished. v
Since this is the Lord’s vengeance, w
take out your vengeance on her;
as she has done, do the same to her.
16 Cut off the sower from Babylon
as well as him who wields the sickle at harvest time.
Because of the oppressor’s sword, x
each will turn to his own people, y
each will flee to his own land.

The Return of God’s People

17 Israel is a stray lamb, chased by lions. z
The first who devoured him was the king of Assyria;
the last one who crushed his bones
was Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon. aa

18 Therefore, this is what the Lord of
Hosts/hosts: Military forces consisting of God's angels, sometimes including the sun, moon, and stars, and occasionally, Israel
Hosts, the God of Israel, says: “I am about to punish the king of Babylon ac and his land just as I punished the king of Assyria.

19 I will return Israel to his grazing land,
and he will feed on Carmel and Bashan;
he will be satisfied
in the hill country of Ephraim and of Gilead. ad
20 In those days and at that time
this is the Lord’s declaration

one will search for Israel’s guilt,
but there will be none,
and for Judah’s sins,
but they will not be found,
for I will forgive ae those I leave as a remnant. af

The Invasion of Babylon

21 “Go against the land of Merathaim,
and against those living in Pekod.
Put them to the sword;
set apart for destruction/ completely destroy: In Canaan or its neighboring countries, this was the destruction during war of a city, its inhabitants, and their possessions, including livestock.
completely destroy them –
this is the Lord’s declaration

do everything I have commanded you. ah
22 The sound of war is in the land ai
a great destruction.
23 How the hammer of the whole earth
is cut down and smashed!
What a horror Babylon has become
among the nations! aj
24 Babylon, I laid a trap for you, and you were caught, ak
but you did not even know it.
You were found and captured
because you fought against the Lord.
25 The Lord opened His armory
and brought out His weapons of wrath, al
because it is a task of the Lord God of Hosts
in the land of the Chaldeans.
26 Come against her from the most distant places.
Lit from the end

Open her granaries;
pile her up like mounds of grain
and completely destroy her.
Leave her no survivors.
27 Put all her young bulls to the sword;
let them go down to the slaughter.
Woe to them, because their day has come,
the time of their punishment. an

The Humiliation of Babylon

28 “There is a voice of fugitives and those who escape
from the land of Babylon
announcing in Zion the vengeance of the Lord our God,
the vengeance for His temple. ao
29 Summon the archers to Babylon,
all who string the bow;
camp all around her; let none escape.
Repay her according to her deeds; ap
just as she has done, do the same to her,
for she has acted arrogantly against the Lord,
against the Holy One of Israel. aq
30 Therefore, her young men will fall
in her public squares;
all the warriors will perish in that day.
This is the Lord’s declaration. ar

31 Look, I am against you, you arrogant one –
this is the declaration of

the Lord God of Hosts

because your day has come,
the time when I will punish you.
32 The arrogant will stumble and fall
with no one to pick him up.
I will set fire to his cities,
and it will consume everything around him.” as

The Desolation of Babylon

33 This is what the Lord of Hosts says:

Israelites and Judeans alike have been oppressed.
All their captors hold them fast; at
they refuse to release them.
34 Their Redeemer is strong;
Yahweh/Yah: Or The Lord; the personal name of God in Hebrew; "Yah" is the shortened form of the name.
Yahweh of Hosts is His name.
He will fervently plead their case av
so that He might bring rest to the earth
but turmoil to those who live in Babylon. aw
35 A sword is over the Chaldeans
this is the Lord’s declaration

against those who live in Babylon,
against her officials, and against her sages.
36 A sword is against the diviners,
and they will act foolishly.
A sword is against her heroic warriors,
and they will be terrified.
37 A sword is against his horses and chariots
and against all the foreigners among them, ax
and they will be like women. ay
A sword is against her treasuries,
and they will be plundered.
38 A drought will come on her waters,
and they will be dried up.
For it is a land of carved images,
and they go mad because of terrifying things.
Or of dreaded gods

39 Therefore, desert creatures
Or desert demons
will live with hyenas,
and ostriches will also live in her.
It will never again be inhabited
or lived in through all generations. bc
40 Just as God demolished Sodom and Gomorrah
and their neighboring towns bd
this is the Lord’s declaration

so no one will live there;
no human being will even stay in it
as a temporary resident. be

The Conquest of Babylon

41 Look! A people comes from the north.
A great nation and many kings will be stirred up
from the remote regions of the earth. bf
42 They grasp bow and javelin.
They are cruel and show no mercy.
Their voice roars like the sea, bg
and they ride on horses,
lined up like men in battle formation
against you, Daughter Babylon.
43 The king of Babylon has heard reports about them,
and his hands fall helpless.
Distress has seized him –
pain, like a woman in labor. bh

44 “Look, it will be like a lion coming from the thickets
Lit pride
bj of the Jordan to the watered grazing land. Indeed, I will chase Babylon
Lit them
away from her land in a flash. I will appoint whoever is chosen for her. For who is like Me? Who will summon Me? Who is the shepherd who can stand against Me?”

45 Therefore, hear the plans that the Lord has drawn up against Babylon and the strategies He has devised against the land of the Chaldeans: Certainly the flock’s little lambs will be dragged away; certainly the grazing land will be made desolate because of them. 46 At the sound of Babylon’s conquest the earth will quake; a cry will be heard among the nations. bl
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