Jeremiah 51

God’s Judgment on Babylon

1This is what the Lord says:

I am about to stir up a destructive wind
Or stir up the spirit of a destroyer
against Babylon b
and against the population of Leb-qamai.
Lit heart of my adversaries
= Chaldeans

2 I will send strangers to Babylon
who will scatter her and strip her land bare, e
for they will come against her
from every side in the day of disaster.
3 Don’t let the archer string his bow;
don’t let him put on
Hb obscure
his armor. g
Don’t spare her young men;
set apart for destruction/ completely destroy: In Canaan or its neighboring countries, this was the destruction during war of a city, its inhabitants, and their possessions, including livestock.
completely destroy her entire army!
4 Those who were slain will fall in the land of the Chaldeans,
those who were pierced through, in her streets. i
5 For Israel and Judah are not left widowed
by their God, the Lord of
Hosts/hosts: Military forces consisting of God's angels, sometimes including the sun, moon, and stars, and occasionally, Israel
though their land is full of
guilt/guilty: The liability to be punished for a fault, a sin, an act, or an omission unless there is forgiveness or atonement; the term normally concerns an objective fact, not a subjective feeling.
against the Holy One of Israel. l

6 Leave Babylon; m
save your lives, each of you! n
Don’t perish because of her guilt.
For this is the time of the Lord’s vengeance
He will pay her what she deserves. o
7 Babylon was a gold cup in the Lord’s hand, p
making the whole earth drunk.
The nations drank her wine; q
therefore, the nations go mad. r
8 Suddenly Babylon fell and was shattered.
Wail for her;
get balm s for her wound
perhaps she can be healed.

9 We tried to heal Babylon,
but she could not be healed.
Abandon her!
Let each of us go to his own land, t
for her judgment extends to the sky
and reaches as far as the clouds. u

10 The Lord has brought about our vindication; v
come, let’s tell in
Zion: Originally a term for the fortified section of Jerusalem and then, by extension, used for the temple and the city of Jerusalem both in the present time and in the future
what the Lord our God has accomplished. x

11 Sharpen the arrows!
Fill the quivers!
The Lord has put it into the mind
of the kings of the Medes
because His plan is aimed at Babylon
to destroy her,
for it is the Lord’s vengeance,
vengeance for His temple. y
12 Raise up a signal flag z
against the walls of Babylon;
fortify the watch post;
set the watchmen in place;
prepare the ambush.
For the Lord has both planned and accomplished
what He has threatened
against those who live in Babylon.
13 You who reside by many waters, aa
rich in treasures,
your end has come,
your life thread is cut.

14The Lord of Hosts has sworn by Himself:

I will fill you up with men as with locusts,
and they will sing the victory song over you.

15 He made the earth by His power,
established the world ab by His wisdom, ac
and spread out the heavens by His understanding. ad
16 When He thunders,
Lit At His giving of the voice

the waters in the heavens are in turmoil, af
and He causes the clouds
to rise from the ends of the earth.
He makes lightning for the rain
and brings the wind from His storehouses. ag

17 Everyone is stupid and ignorant.
Every goldsmith is put to shame by his carved image, ah
for his cast images are a lie; ai
there is no breath in them. aj
18 They are worthless, ak a work to be mocked.
At the time of their punishment they will be destroyed. al
19 Jacob’s Portion
= the Lord
is not like these
because He is the One who formed all things. an
Israel is the tribe of His inheritance; ao
Yahweh/Yah: Or The Lord; the personal name of God in Hebrew; "Yah" is the shortened form of the name.
Yahweh of Hosts is His name. aq

20 You are My battle club,
My weapons of war.
With you I will smash nations;
with you I will bring kingdoms to ruin.
21 With you I will smash the horse and its rider;
with you I will smash the chariot and its rider.
22 With you I will smash man and woman; ar
with you I will smash the old man and the youth;
with you I will smash the young man and the young woman.
23 With you I will smash the shepherd and his flock;
with you I will smash the farmer and his ox-team.
Lit yoke

With you I will smash governors and officials.

24“I will repay Babylon and all the residents of Chaldea for all their evil they have done in Zion before your very eyes.” at
This is the Lord’s declaration.

25 Look, I am against you, devastating mountain
this is the Lord’s declaration

you devastate the whole earth.
I will stretch out My hand against you, au
roll you down from the cliffs,
and turn you into a charred mountain.
26 No one will be able to retrieve a cornerstone
or a foundation stone from you,
because you will become desolate forever.
This is the Lord’s declaration.

27 Raise a signal flag av in the land;
blow a ram’s horn among the nations;
set apart the nations against her. aw
Summon kingdoms against her –
Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz.
Appoint a marshal against her;
bring up horses like a swarm
Hb obscure
of locusts.
28 Set apart the nations for battle against her –
the kings of Media,
her governors and all her officials,
and all the lands they rule.
29 The earth quakes ay and trembles
because the Lord’s intentions against Babylon stand:
to make the land of Babylon an uninhabited desolation.
30 Babylon’s warriors have stopped fighting; az
they sit in their strongholds.
Their might is exhausted;
they have become like women.
Babylon’s homes have been set ablaze,
her gate bars are shattered. ba
31 Messenger races to meet messenger, bb
and herald to meet herald,
to announce to the king of Babylon
that his city has been captured
from end to end.
32 The fords have been seized, bc
the marshes set on fire,
and the soldiers are terrified.

33 For this is what the Lord of Hosts, the God of Israel, says:

Daughter Babylon is like a threshing floor
at the time it is trampled. bd
In just a little while her harvest time will come. be

34 “Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon has devoured me;
he has crushed me.
He has set me aside like an empty dish;
he has swallowed me like a sea monster; bf
he filled his belly with my delicacies;
he has vomited me out,”
Lit has rinsed me off

35 says the inhabitant of Zion;
“Let the violence done to me and my family be done to Babylon.
Let my blood be on the inhabitants of Chaldea,”
says Jerusalem.

36 Therefore, this is what the Lord says:

I am about to plead your case bh
and take vengeance on your behalf;
I will dry up her sea bi
and make her fountain run dry.
37 Babylon will become a heap of rubble,
a jackals’ den,
a desolation and an object of scorn, bj
without inhabitant.
38 They will roar together like young lions;
they will growl like lion cubs.
39 While they are flushed with heat, I will serve them a feast,
and I will make them drunk so that they revel.
LXX reads pass out
Then they will fall asleep forever
and never wake up.
This is the Lord’s declaration.

40 I will bring them down like lambs to the slaughter,
like rams together with male goats. bm

41 How Sheshach has been captured,
the praise bn of the whole earth seized.
What a horror Babylon has become
among the nations! bo
42 The sea has risen over Babylon; bp
she is covered with its turbulent waves.
43 Her cities have become a desolation, bq
a dry and arid land,
a land where no one lives,
where no human being passes through.
44 I will punish Bel br in Babylon.
I will make him vomit what he swallowed.
The nations will no longer stream to him;
even Babylon’s wall will fall.

45 Come out from among her, My people! bs
Save your lives, each of you,
from the Lord’s burning anger.
46 May you not become cowardly and fearful
when the report is proclaimed in the land,
for the report will come one year,
and then another the next year.
There will be violence in the land
with ruler against ruler.
47 Therefore, look, the days are coming
when I will punish Babylon’s carved images. bt
Her entire land will suffer shame,
and all her slain will lie fallen within her. bu
48 Heaven and earth and everything in them
will shout for joy bv over Babylon
because the destroyers from the north
will come against her.
This is the Lord’s declaration.

49 Babylon must fall because of the slain of Israel,
even as the slain of all the earth fell
because of Babylon.
50 You who have escaped the sword, bw
go and do not stand still!
Remember the Lord from far away,
and let Jerusalem come to your mind.

51 We are ashamed
because we have heard insults. bx
Humiliation covers our faces
because foreigners have entered
the holy places of the Lord’s temple. by

52 Therefore, look, the days are coming
this is the Lord’s declaration

when I will punish her carved images,
and the wounded will groan
throughout her land.
53 Even if Babylon should ascend to the heavens bz
and fortify her tall fortresses,
destroyers will come against her from Me.
This is the Lord’s declaration.

54 The sound of a cry from Babylon! ca
The sound of great destruction
from the land of the Chaldeans!
55 For the Lord is going to devastate Babylon;
He will silence her mighty voice.
Their waves roar like abundant waters;
the tumult of their voice resounds,
56 for a destroyer is coming against her,
against Babylon.
Her warriors will be captured,
their bows shattered,
for the Lord is a God of retribution;
He will certainly repay.
57 I will make her princes and sages drunk,
along with her governors, officials, and warriors.
Then they will fall asleep forever
and never wake up. cb
This is the King’s declaration;

Yahweh of Hosts is His name. cc

58This is what Yahweh of Hosts says:

Babylon’s thick walls will be totally demolished,
and her high gates consumed by fire.
The peoples will have labored for nothing; cd
the nations will exhaust themselves only to feed the fire.

59This is what Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah son of Neriah son of Mahseiah, ce the quartermaster, when he went to Babylon with King Zedekiah of Judah in the fourth year of Zedekiah’s reign. 60 Jeremiah wrote on one scroll about all the disaster that would come to Babylon; cf all these words were written against Babylon.

61 Jeremiah told Seraiah, “When you get to Babylon, see that you read all these words aloud. 62You must say, ‘Lord, You have threatened to cut off cg this place so that no one will live in it – man or beast. Indeed, it will remain desolate forever.’ 63When you have finished reading this scroll, tie a stone to it and throw it into the middle of the Euphrates River. ch 64Then say, ‘In the same way, Babylon will sink and never rise again because of the disaster I am bringing on her. They will grow weary.’”The words of Jeremiah end here.
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