John 1



1 In the beginning a was the Word,
The Word (Gk Logos) is a title for Jesus as the communication and the revealer of God the Father; Jn 1:14,18; Rv 19:13.
and the Word was with God,
and the Word was God. d
2 He was with God in the beginning. e
3 All things were created f through Him, g
and apart from Him not one thing was created
that has been created.
4 Life was in Him,
Other punctuation is possible: . . . not one thing was created. What was created in Him was life
and that life was the light j of men.
5 That light shines k in the darkness,
yet the darkness did not overcome
Or grasp, or comprehend, or overtake; Jn 12:35
it. m

6 There was a man named John n
who was sent from God.
7 He came as a witness
to testify about the light,
so that all might believe through him.
Or through it (the light)

8 He was not the light,
but he came to testify p about the light.
9 The true light, q who gives light to everyone,
was coming into the world.
Or The true light who comes into the world gives light to everyone, or The true light enlightens everyone coming into the world.

10 He was in the world,
and the world was created t through Him,
yet the
world: The organized Satanic system that is opposed to God and hostile to Jesus and His followers. The non-Christian culture including governments, educational systems, and businesses
world did not recognize Him.
11 He came to His own,
The same Gk adjective is used twice in this verse: the first refers to all that Jesus owned as Creator (to His own); the second refers to the Jews (His own people).

and His own people
The same Gk adjective is used twice in this verse: the first refers to all that Jesus owned as Creator (to His own); the second refers to the Jews (His own people).
did not receive Him.
12 But to all who did receive x Him, y
He gave them the right z to be
Or become
children ab of God, ac
to those who believe ad in His name, ae
13 who were born, af
not of blood,
Lit bloods; the pl form of blood occurs only here in the NT. It may refer either to lineal descent (that is, blood from one’s father and mother) or to the OT sacrificial system (that is, the various blood sacrifices). Neither is the basis for birth into the family of God.

or of the will ah of the flesh, ai
or of the will of man,
Or not of human lineage, or of human capacity, or of human volition

but of God. ak

14 The Word al became flesh
The eternally existent Word (vv. 1-2) took on full humanity but without sin; Heb 4:15.
and took up residence
Or and dwelt in a tent; lit and tabernacled; this word occurs only here in John. A related word, referring to the Festival of Tabernacles, occurs only in 7:2; Ex 40:34-38.
among us.
We observed His glory, ap
the glory as the
One and Only: Or one of a kind, or incomparable, or only begotten; the Greek word can refer to someone's only child such as in Lk 7:12; 8:42; 9:38. It can also refer to someone's special child as in Heb 11:17.
One and Only ar Son
Son is implied from the reference to the Father and from Gk usage.
from the Father,
full of grace and truth.
15 (John testified concerning Him and exclaimed,
“This was the One of whom I said,
‘The One coming after me at has surpassed me, au
because He existed before me.’”) av
16 Indeed, we have all received grace aw after grace
from His fullness,
17 for the law was given through Moses, ax
grace and truth ay came through Jesus Christ.
18 No one has ever seen God.
Since God is an infinite being, no one can see Him in His absolute essential nature; Ex 33:18-23.

The One and Only ba Son
Other mss read God

the One who is at the Father’s bc side
Lit is in the bosom of the Father

He has revealed Him. be

John the Baptist’s Testimony

19 This is John’s testimony when the
Jew(s): In Jn the term Jews usually indicates those in Israel who were opposed to Jesus, particularly the Jewish authorities in Jerusalem who led the nation.
Jews from Jerusalem bg sent priests bh and Levites bi to ask him, “Who are you?”

20He did not refuse to answer, but he declared: “I am not the
Messiah: Or the Christ; the Greek word Christos means "the anointed one".
Messiah.” bk

21 “What then?” they asked him. “Are you Elijah?” bl“I am not,” he said.“Are you the Prophet?”
Probably the Prophet in Dt 18:15
bn“No,” he answered.

22 “Who are you, then?” they asked. “We need to give an answer to those who sent us. What can you tell us about yourself?”

23He said, “I am a voice of one crying out in the wilderness: Make straight the way of the Lord bo , bp – just as Isaiah bq the prophet said.”

24Now they had been sent from the
Pharisee(s): In Judaism a religious sect that followed the whole written and oral law
Pharisees. bs
25 So they asked him, “Why then do you baptize if you aren’t the Messiah, or Elijah, or the Prophet?”

26 “I baptize with
Or in
water,” bu John answered them. “Someone stands among you, but you don’t know Him.
27He is the One coming after me,
Other mss add who came before me
bw whose sandal strap I’m not worthy to untie.”

28All this happened in Bethany
Other mss read in Bethabara
across the Jordan,
Another Bethany, near Jerusalem, was the home of Lazarus, Martha, and Mary; Jn 11:1.
bz where John was baptizing.

The Lamb of God

29 The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, “Here is the Lamb of God, ca who takes away the sin cb of the world! 30 This is the One I told you about: ‘After me comes a man who has surpassed me, because He existed before me.’ 31 I didn’t know Him, cc but I came baptizing with
Or in
water so He might be revealed ce to Israel.”

32 And John testified, “I watched the Spirit cf descending from heaven like a dove, and He rested on Him. cg 33 I didn’t know Him, but He
He refers to God the Father, who gave John a sign to help him identify the Messiah. Vv. 32-34 indicate that John did not know that Jesus was the Messiah until the Spirit descended upon Him at His baptism.
who sent me to baptize with
Or in
water told me, ‘The One you see the Spirit descending and resting on – He is the One who baptizes with
Or in
the Holy Spirit.’ ck
34I have seen and testified that He is the Son of God!”
Other mss read is the Chosen One of God

35 Again the next day, John was standing with two of his disciples. 36When he saw Jesus passing by, he said, “Look! The Lamb of God!”

37 The two disciples heard him say this and followed Jesus. 38When Jesus turned and noticed them following Him, He asked them, “What are you looking for?They said to Him, “
Rabbi: The Hebrew word Rabbi means my great one; it is used of a recognized teacher of the Scriptures.
Rabbico (which means “Teacher”), “where are You staying?”

39 “Come and you’ll see,” He replied. So they went and saw where He was staying, and they stayed with Him that day. It was about 10 in the morning.
Lit about the tenth hour. Various methods of reckoning time were used in the ancient world. John probably used a different method from the other 3 Gospels. If John used the same method of time reckoning as the other 3 Gospels, the translation would be: It was about four in the afternoon.

40 Andrew, cq Simon Peter’s brother, was one of the two who heard John and followed Him. 41 He first found his own brother Simon and told him, “We have found the Messiah!”
In the NT, the word Messiah translates the Gk word Christos (“Anointed One”), except here and in Jn 4:25 where it translates Messias.
cs (which means “Anointed ct One”),
42and he brought Simon to Jesus.When Jesus saw him, He said, “You are Simon, son of John.
Other mss read Simon, son of Jonah
You will be called
Cephas: The Aramaic word for rock; it is parallel to the Greek word petros from which the English name Peter is derived; Jn 1:42; 1 Co 1:12.
cw (which means “Rock”).

Philip and Nathanael

43 The next day He
Or he, referring either to Simon Peter (vv. 41-42) or Andrew (vv. 40-41)
decided to leave for Galilee. Jesus found Philip cy and told him, “Follow Me!

44 Now Philip was from Bethsaida, cz the hometown of Andrew and Peter. 45 Philip found Nathanael
Probably the Bartholomew of the other Gospels and Acts
db and told him, “We have found the One Moses wrote about in the Law (and so did the prophets dc): Jesus the son of Joseph, dd from Nazareth!” de

46 “Can anything good df come out of Nazareth?” Nathanael asked him.“Come and see,” Philip answered.

47Then Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward Him and said about him, “Here is a true Israelite; dg no deceit is in him.

48 “How do you know me?” Nathanael asked.“Before Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you,Jesus answered.

49 “Rabbi,” dh Nathanael replied, “You are the Son di of God! You are the King of Israel!” dj

50 Jesus responded to him, “Do you believe only because I told you I saw you under the fig tree? You
In Gk, the word you is sg and refers to Nathanael.
will see greater things than this.
51 Then He said,
I assure you: This is a phrase used only by Jesus to testify to the certainty and importance of His words; in Mt, Mk and Lk it is literally Amen, I say to you, and in Jn it is literally Amen, amen, I say to you.
I assure you: You
In Gk, the word you is pl and refers to Nathanael and the other disciples.
will see heaven opened and the angels of God dn ascending and descending do on the
Son of Man: The most frequent title Jesus used for Himself; Dn 7:13
Son of Man.
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