John 11

Lazarus Dies at Bethany

1 Now a man was sick, Lazarus, from Bethany, a the village of Mary and her sister Martha. b 2 Mary was the one who anointed the Lord with fragrant oil and wiped His feet with her hair, c and it was her brother Lazarus who was sick. 3 So the sisters sent a message to Him: “Lord, the one You love is sick.”

4When Jesus heard it, He said, “This sickness will not end in death but is for the glory of God, d so that the Son of God e may be glorified through it. 5 Now Jesus loved Martha, her sister, and Lazarus. 6 So when He heard that he was sick, He stayed two more days in the place where He was. 7 Then after that, He said to the disciples, “Let’s go to Judea f again.

Rabbi: The Hebrew word Rabbi means my great one; it is used of a recognized teacher of the Scriptures.
Rabbi,” h the disciples told Him, “just now the
Jew(s): In Jn the term Jews usually indicates those in Israel who were opposed to Jesus, particularly the Jewish authorities in Jerusalem who led the nation.
Jews tried to stone You, j and You’re going there again?”

9 “Aren’t there 12 hours in a day?Jesus answered. “If anyone walks during the day, he doesn’t stumble, because he sees the light of this world. k 10 If anyone walks during the night, l he does stumble, because the light is not in him.” 11He said this, and then He told them, “Our friend Lazarus has fallen
asleep: A term used in reference to those who have died
asleep, n but I’m on My way to wake him up.

12 Then the disciples said to Him, “Lord, if he has fallen asleep, he will get well.”

13 Jesus, however, was speaking about his death, but they thought He was speaking about natural sleep. 14 So Jesus then told them plainly, “Lazarus has died. 15I’m glad for you that I wasn’t there so that you may believe. But let’s go to him.”

16 Then Thomas o (called “Twin”) said to his fellow disciples, “Let’s go so that we may die with Him.”

The Resurrection and the Life

17 When Jesus arrived, He found that Lazarus had already been in the tomb p four days. 18 Bethany was near Jerusalem q (about two miles
Lit 15 stadia; 1 stadion = 600 feet
19 Many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary to comfort them about their brother. 20As soon as Martha heard that Jesus was coming, she went to meet Him. But Mary remained seated in the house.

21 Then Martha said to Jesus, “Lord, if You had been here, my brother wouldn’t have died. 22 Yet even now I know that whatever You ask from God, God will give You.”

23 “Your brother will rise s again,Jesus told her.

24 Martha said, “I know that he will rise again in the resurrection at the last day.” t

25 Jesus said to her, “I am u the resurrection and the life. The one who believes in Me, v even if he dies, will live. w 26 Everyone who lives and believes in Me will never die – ever. x Do you believe this?”

27 “Yes, Lord,” she told Him, “I believe You are the
Messiah: Or the Christ; the Greek word Christos means "the anointed one".
Messiah, z the Son aa of God, who comes into the world.” ab

Jesus Shares the Sorrow of Death

28 Having said this, she went back and called her sister Mary, saying in private, “The Teacher is here and is calling for you.”

29As soon as she heard this, she got up quickly and went to Him. ac 30 Jesus had not yet come into the village but was still in the place where Martha had met Him. 31 The Jews who were with her in the house consoling her saw that Mary got up quickly and went out. So they followed her, supposing that she was going to the tomb ad to cry there.

32 When Mary came to where Jesus was and saw Him, she fell at His feet ae and told Him, “Lord, if You had been here, my brother would not have died!”

33 When Jesus saw her crying, and the Jews who had come with her crying, He was angry
The Gk word is very strong and probably indicates Jesus’ anger against sin’s tyranny and death.
in His spirit ag and deeply moved.
34 “Where have you put him?” He asked.“Lord,” they told Him, “come and see.”

35 Jesus wept. ah

36 So the Jews said, “See how He loved ai him!” 37 But some of them said, “Couldn’t He who opened the blind man’s eyes aj also have kept this man from dying?”

The Seventh Sign: Raising Lazarus from the Dead

38 Then Jesus, angry
See note at 11:33.
in Himself again, came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone was lying against it. al
39 “Remove the stone,Jesus said.Martha, the dead man’s sister, told Him, “Lord, he’s already decaying.
Lit he already stinks
It’s been four days.”

40 Jesus said to her, “Didn’t I tell you that if you believed you would see the glory an of God?ao

41 So they removed the stone. Then Jesus raised His eyes and said, “Father, I thank ap You that You heard Me. aq 42 I know that You always hear Me, but because of the crowd standing here I said this, so they may believe You sent ar Me.” 43After He said this, He shouted with a loud voice, “Lazarus, come out! 44 The dead man came out bound hand and foot with linen strips and with his face wrapped in a cloth. Jesus said to them, “Loose him and let him go.

The Plot to Kill Jesus

45 Therefore, many of the Jews who came to Mary and saw what He did believed in Him. as 46 But some of them went to the
Pharisee(s): In Judaism a religious sect that followed the whole written and oral law
Pharisees au and told them what Jesus had done.

47 So the
chief priest(s): A group of Jewish temple officers that included the highpriest, captain of the temple, temple overseers, and treasurers
chief priests and the Pharisees convened the
Sanhedrin: The supreme council of Judaism with 70 members, patterned after Moses' 70 elders
Sanhedrin ax and said, “What are we going to do since this man does many signs?
48 If we let Him continue in this way, everyone will believe in Him! Then the Romans ay will come and remove both our place
The temple or possibly all of Jerusalem
and our nation.”

49 One of them, Caiaphas, ba who was high priest bb that year, said to them, “You know nothing at all! 50You’re not considering that it is to your
Other mss read to our
advantage that one man should die for the people rather than the whole nation perish.” bd
51He did not say this on his own, but being high priest that year he prophesied that Jesus was going to die be for the nation, 52 and not for the nation only, but also to unite the scattered children bf of God. 53 So from that day on they plotted to kill Him. bg 54 Therefore Jesus no longer walked openly bh among the Jews but departed from there to the countryside near the wilderness, bi to a town called Ephraim. And He stayed there with the disciples.

55 The Jewish
Passover: The Israelite festival celebrated on the fourteenth day of the first month in the early spring. It was a celebration of the deliverance of the Israelites from Egypt, commemorating the final plague on Egypt when the firstborn were killed.
Passover bk was near, and many went up to Jerusalem bl from the country to purify
The law of Moses required God’s people to purify or cleanse themselves so they could celebrate the Passover. Jews often came to Jerusalem a week early to do this; Nm 9:4-11.
themselves before the Passover.
56They were looking for Jesus and asking one another as they stood in the
temple complex: In the Jerusalem temple, the complex included the sanctuary (the holy place and the holy of holies), at least 4 courtyards (for priests, Jewish men, Jewish women, and Gentiles), numerous gates, and several covered walkways.
temple complex: bo “What do you think? He won’t come to the festival, bp will He?”
57 The chief priests bq and the Pharisees had given orders that if anyone knew where He was, he should report it so they could arrest Him.
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