John 20

The Empty Tomb

1On a the first day of the week b
Mary Magdalene: Or Mary of Magdala; Magdala was probably on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee, north of Tiberias.
Mary Magdalene d came to the tomb e early, while it was still dark. She saw that the stone f had been removed
Lit She saw the stone removed
from the tomb.
2 So she ran to Simon Peter h and to the other disciple, the one Jesus loved, and said to them, “They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, i and we don’t know where they have put Him!”

3At that, Peter and the other disciple went out, heading for the tomb. 4 The two were running together, but the other disciple outran Peter and got to the tomb first. 5Stooping down, he saw the linen cloths j lying there, yet he did not go in. 6 Then, following him, Simon Peter came also. He entered the tomb and saw the linen cloths lying there. 7 The wrapping k that had been on His head was not lying with the linen cloths l but was folded up in a separate place by itself. 8 The other disciple, who had reached the tomb first, then entered the tomb, saw, and believed. 9 For they still did not understand the Scripture m that He must rise n from the dead. o 10 Then the disciples went home again.

Mary Magdalene Sees the Risen Lord

11 But p Mary stood outside facing the tomb, q crying. As she was crying, she stooped to look into the tomb. 12She saw two angels r in white sitting there, one at the head and one at the feet, where Jesus’ body s had been lying. 13 They said to her, “
woman: When used in direct address, "Woman" was not a term of disrespect but of honor.
Woman, why are you crying?”“Because they’ve taken away my Lord,” u she told them, “and I don’t know where they’ve put Him.”
14Having said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, though she did not know it was Jesus. v

15 “Woman,Jesus said to her, “why are you crying? Who is it you are looking for?Supposing He was the gardener, she replied, “Sir, if you’ve removed Him, tell me where you’ve put Him, and I will take Him away.”

16 Jesus said, “Mary.”Turning around, she said to Him in
Hebrew: Or Aramaic; the translation of this word is debated since some claim Aramaic was commonly spoken in Palestine during NT times. More recently others claim that Hebrew was the spoken language.
Hebrew, “Rabbouni!”
Rabbouni is also used in Mk 10:51
– which means “Teacher.” y

17 “Don’t cling to Me,Jesus told her, “for I have not yet ascended z to the Father. aa But go to My brothers ab and tell them that I am ascending to My Father ac and your Father – to My God ad and your God.

18 Mary Magdalene went and announced to the disciples, “I have seen the Lord!” ae And she told them what
Lit these things
He had said to her.

The Disciples Commissioned

19 In the evening of that first day of the week, ag the disciples were gathered together with the doors locked because of their fear of the
Jew(s): In Jn the term Jews usually indicates those in Israel who were opposed to Jesus, particularly the Jewish authorities in Jerusalem who led the nation.
Jews. Then Jesus came, stood among them, and said to them, “Peace to you!ai

20Having said this, He showed them His hands and His side. aj So the disciples rejoiced when they saw the Lord.

21 Jesus said to them again, “Peace to you! As the Father has sent Me, ak I also send 22After saying this, He breathed on them am and said,
Lit He breathed and said to them
“Receive the Holy Spirit. ao
23 If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained.” ap

Thomas Sees and Believes

24 But one of the Twelve, Thomas aq (called “Twin”), was not with them when Jesus came. 25 So the other disciples kept telling him, “We have seen the Lord!”But he said to them, “If I don’t see the mark of the nails in His hands, put my finger into the mark of the nails, ar and put my hand into His side, as I will never believe!” at

26 After eight days His disciples were indoors again, and Thomas was with them. Even though the doors were locked, Jesus came and stood among them. He said, “Peace to you!

27 Then He said to Thomas, “Put your finger here and observe My hands. Reach out your hand and put it into My side. Don’t be an unbeliever, but a

28 Thomas responded to Him, “My Lord and my God!”

29 Jesus said, “Because you have seen Me, you have believed.
Or have you believed? (as a question)
Those who believe without seeing aw are blessed.

The Purpose of This Gospel

30 Jesus performed many other signs ax in the presence of His disciples that are not written ay in this book. az 31 But these are written so that you may believe Jesus is the
Messiah: Or the Christ; the Greek word Christos means "the anointed one".
Messiah, bb the Son bc of God,
Or that the Messiah, the Son of God, is Jesus
be and by believing you may have life in His name. bf
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