John 5

The Third Sign: Healing the Sick

1 After this, a Jewish festival took place, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. a 2 By the Sheep Gate b in Jerusalem there is a pool, called Bethesda
Other mss read Bethzatha; other mss read Bethsaida
Hebrew: Or Aramaic; the translation of this word is debated since some claim Aramaic was commonly spoken in Palestine during NT times. More recently others claim that Hebrew was the spoken language.
Hebrew, which has five colonnades.
Rows of columns supporting a roof
3 Within these lay a large number of the sick – blind, lame, and paralyzed [ – waiting for the moving of the water, 4because an angel would go down into the pool from time to time and stir up the water. Then the first one who got in after the water was stirred up recovered from whatever ailment he had].
Other mss omit bracketed text

5 One man was there who had been sick for 38 years. 6When Jesus saw him lying there and knew he had already been there a long time, g He said to him, “Do you want to get well?

7 “Sir,” h the sick man answered, “I don’t have a man to put me into the pool when the water is stirred up, but while I’m coming, someone goes down ahead of me.”

8“Get up,Jesus told him, “pick up your mat and walk! 9 Instantly the man got well, picked up his mat, and started to walk.Now that day was the Sabbath, i 10 so the
Jew(s): In Jn the term Jews usually indicates those in Israel who were opposed to Jesus, particularly the Jewish authorities in Jerusalem who led the nation.
Jews k said to the man who had been healed, “This is the Sabbath! l It’s illegal for you to pick up your mat.”

11 He replied, “The man who made me well m told me, ‘Pick up your mat and walk.’

12 “Who is this man who told you, ‘Pick up your mat and walk’?” they asked. 13 But the man who was cured did not know who it was, n because Jesus had slipped away into the crowd that was there.
Lit slipped away, there being a crowd in that place

14 After this, Jesus found him in the
temple complex: In the Jerusalem temple, the complex included the sanctuary (the holy place and the holy of holies), at least 4 courtyards (for priests, Jewish men, Jewish women, and Gentiles), numerous gates, and several covered walkways.
temple complex q and said to him, “See, you are well. Do not sin anymore, so that something worse doesn’t happen to you.
15 The man went and reported to the Jews that it was Jesus who had made him well. r

Honoring the Father and the Son

16 Therefore, the Jews began persecuting s Jesus
Other mss add and trying to kill Him
because He was doing these things on the Sabbath. u
17 But Jesus responded to them, “My Father v is still working, and I am working also. 18This is why the Jews began trying all the more to kill Him: w Not only was He breaking the Sabbath, but He was even calling God His own Father, making Himself equal with God.

19 Then Jesus replied,
I assure you: This is a phrase used only by Jesus to testify to the certainty and importance of His words; in Mt, Mk and Lk it is literally Amen, I say to you, and in Jn it is literally Amen, amen, I say to you.
I assure you: The Son is not able to do anything on His own, but only what He sees the Father doing. For whatever the Father
Lit whatever that One
does, the Son also does these things in the same way. z
20 For the Father loves the Son and shows Him everything He is doing, and He will show Him greater works aa than these so that you will be amazed. 21 And just as the Father raises ab the dead and gives them life, so the Son also gives life to anyone He wants to. ac 22 The Father, ad in fact, judges no one but has given all judgment to the Son, 23so that all people will honor the Son just as they honor the Father. ae Anyone who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him. af

Life and Judgment

24“I assure you: Anyone who hears My word and believes Him who sent Me has eternal life ag and will not come under judgment but has passed from death to life.

25“I assure you: An hour is coming, and is now here, ah when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live. ai 26 For just as the Father has life in Himself, so also He has granted to the Son aj to have life in Himself. 27 And He has granted Him the right to pass judgment, ak because He is the
Son of Man: The most frequent title Jesus used for Himself; Dn 7:13
Son of Man. am
28Do not be amazed at this, because a time is coming when all who are in the graves will hear His voice 29 and come out – those who have done good things, to the resurrection of life, but those who have done wicked things, to the resurrection of judgment.

30 “I can do nothing on My own. I judge only as I hear, and My judgment an is righteous, ao because I do not seek My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me. ap

Four Witnesses to Jesus

31 “If I testify about Myself, My testimony is not valid.
Or not true
32There is Another who testifies about Me, and I know that the testimony He gives about Me is valid.
Or true
33 You have sent messengers to John, and he has testified to the truth. at 34 I don’t receive man’s testimony, but I say these things so that you may be saved. 35 John
Lit That man
av was a burning and shining lamp, aw and for a time you were willing to enjoy his light. ax

36 “But I have a greater testimony than John’s because of the works that the Father has given Me to accomplish. ay These very works I am doing testify about Me that the Father has sent az Me. 37 The Father who sent Me has Himself testified ba about Me. You have not heard His voice at any time, and you haven’t seen His form. bb 38You don’t have His word living in you, because you don’t believe the One He sent. 39You pore over
In Gk this could be a command: Pore over . . .
the Scriptures bd because you think you have eternal life in them, yet they testify about Me. be
40 And you are not willing bf to come to Me bg so that you may have life.

41“I do not accept glory bh from men, 42 but I know you – that you have no love for God bi within you. 43 I have come in My Father’s name, bj yet you don’t accept Me. bk If someone else comes in his own name, you will accept him. 44 How can you believe? While accepting glory from one another, you don’t seek the glory that comes from the only bl God. bm 45Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father. Your accuser is Moses, bn on whom you have set your hope. 46 For if you believed Moses, you would believe Me, because he wrote about Me. 47 But if you don’t believe his writings, bo how will you believe My words?” bp
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