John 6

The Fourth Sign: Feeding 5,000

1 After a this, Jesus crossed the Sea of Galilee b (or Tiberias c). 2 And a huge crowd was following Him because they saw the signs that He was performing by healing the sick. 3 So Jesus went up a mountain and sat down there with His disciples.

4 Now the
Passover: The Israelite festival celebrated on the fourteenth day of the first month in the early spring. It was a celebration of the deliverance of the Israelites from Egypt, commemorating the final plague on Egypt when the firstborn were killed.
Passover, a Jewish festival, was near.
5 Therefore, when Jesus looked up and noticed a huge crowd coming toward Him, e He asked Philip, f “Where will we buy bread so these people can eat? 6He asked this to test him, g for He Himself knew what He was going to do.

7 Philip answered, “Two hundred
denarius: A small silver Roman coin, which was equal to a day's wage for a common laborer
denarii i worth of bread wouldn’t be enough for each of them to have a little.”

8 One of His disciples, Andrew, j Simon k Peter’s l brother, said to Him, 9 “There’s a boy here who has five barley loaves and two fish – but what are they for so many?”

10Then Jesus said, “Have the people sit down.”There was plenty of grass in that place, so they sat down. The men numbered about 5,000. m 11 Then Jesus took the loaves, and after giving thanks He distributed them to those who were seated – so also with the fish, as much as they wanted. n

12 When they were full, He told His disciples, “Collect the leftovers so that nothing is wasted.o 13 So they collected them and filled 12 baskets with the pieces from the five barley loaves that were left over by those who had eaten.

14When the people saw the sign
Other mss read signs
He had done, they said, “This really is the Prophet q who was to come r into the world!” s
15 Therefore, when Jesus knew that they were about to come and take Him by force to make Him king, t He withdrew again
A previous withdrawal is mentioned in Mk 6:31-32, an event that occurred just before the feeding of the 5,000.
to the mountain by Himself.

The Fifth Sign: Walking on Water

16 When v evening came, His disciples went down to the sea, 17 got into a boat, and started across the sea to Capernaum. w Darkness had already set in, but Jesus had not yet come to them. 18Then a high wind arose, and the sea began to churn. 19After they had rowed about three or four miles,
Lit 25 or 30 stadia; 1 stadion = 600 feet
they saw Jesus walking on the sea. He was coming near the boat, and they were afraid.

20 But He said to them, “It is I.
Lit I am
z Don’t be afraid!
21 Then they were willing to take Him on board, and at once the boat was at the shore where they were heading.

The Bread of Life

22 The next day, the crowd that had stayed on the other side of the sea knew there had been only one boat.
Other mss add into which His disciples had entered
ab They also knew that Jesus had not boarded the boat with His disciples, but that His disciples had gone off alone.
23 Some boats from Tiberias ac came near the place where they ate the bread after the Lord gave thanks. 24 When the crowd saw that neither Jesus nor His disciples were there, they got into the boats and went to Capernaum looking for Jesus.

25When they found Him on the other side of the sea, they said to Him, “
Rabbi: The Hebrew word Rabbi means my great one; it is used of a recognized teacher of the Scriptures.
Rabbi, ae when did You get here?”

26 Jesus answered,
I assure you: This is a phrase used only by Jesus to testify to the certainty and importance of His words; in Mt, Mk and Lk it is literally Amen, I say to you, and in Jn it is literally Amen, amen, I say to you.
I assure you: You are looking for Me, not because you saw
Or perceived
the signs, but because you ate the loaves and were filled.
27 Don’t work for the food that perishes ah but for the food that lasts for eternal life, ai which the
Son of Man: The most frequent title Jesus used for Himself; Dn 7:13
Son of Man ak will give you, because God the Father al has set His seal of approval on Him.”

28 “What can we do to perform the works of God?” they asked.

29 Jesus replied, “This is the work am of God – that you believe in the One He has

30 “What sign then are You going to do so we may see and believe You?” they asked. “What are You going to perform? 31 Our fathers ate the manna ao in the wilderness, ap just as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.”
Bread miraculously provided by God for the Israelites
ar , as

32 Jesus said to them, “I assure you: Moses at didn’t give you the bread from heaven, but My Father gives you the real bread from heaven. 33 For the bread of God is the One who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.”

34 Then they said, “Sir, give us this bread always!”

35 “I am au the bread of life,Jesus told them. “No one who comes to Me av will ever be hungry, aw and no one who believes in Me ax will ever be thirsty ay again. 36 But as I told you, you’ve seen Me,
Other mss omit Me
and yet you do not believe.
37 Everyone the Father gives Me will come to Me, and the one who comes to Me I will never cast out. ba 38 For I have come down from heaven, bb not to do My will, but the will of Him bc who sent Me. 39 This is the will of Him who sent Me: that I should lose none of those He has given Me but should raise bd them up on the last day. 40 For this is the will of My Father: be that everyone who sees the Son bf and believes in Him may have eternal life, and I will raise bg him up on the last day.”

41 Therefore the
Jew(s): In Jn the term Jews usually indicates those in Israel who were opposed to Jesus, particularly the Jewish authorities in Jerusalem who led the nation.
Jews started complaining about Him because He said, “I am the bread that came down from heaven.
42They were saying, “Isn’t this Jesus the son of Joseph, bi whose father and mother we know? How can He now say, ‘I have come down from heaven’?

43 Jesus answered them, “Stop complaining among yourselves. 44No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws
Or brings, or leads; see the use of this Gk verb in Jn 12:32; 21:6; Ac 16:19; Jms 2:6.
him, and I will raise him up on the last day.
45It is written in the Prophets: bk And they will all be taught by God. bl , bm Everyone who has listened to and learned from the Father bn comes to Me 46 not that anyone has seen the Father bo except the One who is from God. bp He has seen the Father. bq

47“I assure you: Anyone who believes
Other mss add in Me
has eternal life.
48 I am the bread of life. 49 Your fathers ate the manna bs in the wilderness, bt and they died. 50 This is the bread that comes down from heaven so that anyone may eat of it and not die. bu 51 I am the living bread that came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread he will live bv forever. bw The bread that I will give for the life bx of the world is My flesh.” by

52At that, the Jews argued bz among themselves, ca “How can this man give us His flesh to eat?”

53 So Jesus said to them, “I assure you: Unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man cb and drink His blood, cc you do not have life in yourselves. 54 Anyone who eats My flesh and drinks My blood cd has eternal life, and I will raise ce him up on the last day, 55 because My flesh is real food and My blood is real drink. 56 The one who eats My flesh and drinks My blood lives in Me, and I in him. cf 57Just as the living cg Father sent Me and I live because of the Father, so the one who feeds on Me will live ch because of Me. 58 This is the bread that came down from heaven; it is not like the manna
Other mss omit the manna
your fathers ate – and they died. The one who eats this bread will live forever.cj

59He said these things while teaching in the
synagogue(s): A place where the Jewish people met for prayer, worship and teaching of the Scriptures
synagogue cl in Capernaum. cm

Many Disciples Desert Jesus

60 Therefore, when many of His disciples heard this, they said, “This teaching is hard! Who can accept
Lit hear

61 Jesus, knowing in Himself co that His disciples were complaining about this, asked them, “Does this
cause the downfall of/ causes to sin: The Greek word skandalizo has a root meaning of "snare" or "trap," but has no real English counterpart.
offend you?
62 Then what if you were to observe the Son of Man cq ascending cr to where He was before? 63 The Spirit cs is the One who gives life. The flesh doesn’t help at all. The words that I have spoken to you are spirit and are life. 64 But there are some among you who don’t believe.” (For Jesus knew from the beginning ct those who would not
Other mss omit not
believe and the one who would betray cv Him.)
65He said, “This is why I told you that no one can come to Me cw unless it is granted to him by the Father.

66 From that moment many of His disciples turned back and no longer accompanied Him. 67 Therefore Jesus said to the Twelve, cx “You don’t want to go away too, do you?

68 Simon Peter cy answered, “Lord, who will we go to? You have the words of eternal life. 69 We have come to believe and know that You are the Holy One of God!”
Other mss read You are the Messiah, the Son of the Living God

70 Jesus replied to them, “Didn’t I choose you, the Twelve? db Yet one of you is the Devil!dc 71He was referring to Judas, dd Simon Iscariot’s son,
Other mss read Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son
Lit Judas, of Simon Iscariot
one of the Twelve, because he was going to betray dg Him.
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