John 10

The Ideal Shepherd

I assure you: This is a phrase used only by Jesus to testify to the certainty and importance of His words; in Mt, Mk and Lk it is literally Amen, I say to you, and in Jn it is literally Amen, amen, I say to you.
I assure you: Anyone who doesn’t enter the sheep pen by the door but climbs in some other way, is a thief and a robber. b
2 The one who enters by the door is the shepherd c of the sheep. d 3 The doorkeeper opens it for him, and the sheep hear his voice. He calls his own sheep by name and leads them out. 4 When he has brought all his own outside, he goes ahead of them. The sheep follow him because they recognize his voice. 5They will never follow a stranger; instead they will run away from him, because they don’t recognize the voice of strangers.”

6 Jesus gave them this illustration, but they did not understand e what He was telling them.

The Good Shepherd

7 So Jesus said again, “I assure you: I am f the door of the sheep. g 8 All who came before Me
Other mss omit before Me
are thieves and robbers, but the sheep didn’t listen to them.
9 I am the door. If anyone enters by Me, he will be saved and will come in and go out and find pasture. 10 A thief comes only to steal i and to kill and to destroy. j I have come so that they may have life and have it in abundance.

11 “I am the good shepherd. k The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. l 12 The hired man, since he is not the shepherd and doesn’t own the sheep, leaves them
Lit leaves the sheep
and runs away when he sees a wolf n coming. The wolf then snatches and scatters them.
13This happens because he is a hired man and doesn’t care about the sheep.

14 “I am the good shepherd. I know My own sheep, and they know Me, 15 as the Father knows Me, and I know the Father. o I lay down My life p for the sheep. 16 But I have other sheep q that are not of this fold; I must bring them also, and they will listen to My voice. Then there will be one flock, one shepherd. r 17This is why the Father loves Me, s because I am laying down My life t so I may take it up again. 18No one takes it from Me, but I lay it down on My own. I have the right to lay it down, and I have the right to take it up again. I have received this command from My Father.” u

19 Again a division v took place among the
Jew(s): In Jn the term Jews usually indicates those in Israel who were opposed to Jesus, particularly the Jewish authorities in Jerusalem who led the nation.
Jews because of these words.
20 Many of them were saying, “He has a demon x and He’s crazy! Why do you listen to Him?” 21 Others were saying, “These aren’t the words of someone demon-possessed. Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?” y

Jesus at the Festival of Dedication

22 Then the Festival of Dedication
Or Hanukkah, also called the Feast of Lights; this festival commemorated the rededication of the temple in 164 b.c.
took place in Jerusalem, and it was winter.
23 Jesus was walking in the
temple complex: In the Jerusalem temple, the complex included the sanctuary (the holy place and the holy of holies), at least 4 courtyards (for priests, Jewish men, Jewish women, and Gentiles), numerous gates, and several covered walkways.
temple complex in Solomon’s Colonnade.
Rows of columns supporting a roof
24 Then the Jews surrounded Him and asked, “How long are You going to keep us in suspense?
Lit How long are you taking away our life?
If You are the
Messiah: Or the Christ; the Greek word Christos means "the anointed one".
Messiah, af tell us plainly.”
Or openly, or publicly

25“I did tell you and you don’t believe,Jesus answered them. “The works ai that I do in My Father’s name testify about Me. 26 But you don’t believe because you are not My sheep.
Other mss add just as I told you
27 My sheep hear My voice, I know them, and they follow Me. 28I give them eternal life, al and they will never perish am – ever! No one will snatch an them out of My hand. 29 My Father, ao who has given them to Me, is greater than all. No one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand. 30 The Father and I are one.”
Lit I and the Father – We are one.

Renewed Efforts to Stone Jesus

31 Again the Jews picked up rocks to stone Him. ar

32 Jesus replied, “I have shown you many good works as from the Father. Which of these works are you stoning Me for?

33“We aren’t stoning at You for a good work,” the Jews answered, “but for blasphemy, because You – being a man – make Yourself God.”

34 Jesus answered them, “Isn’t it written in your scripture,
Other mss read in the scripture
I said, you are gods? av , aw
35 If He called those whom the word ax of God came to ‘gods’ – and the Scripture ay cannot be broken 36do you say, ‘You are blaspheming’ to the One the Father set apart and sent into the world, because I said: I am the Son of God? az 37 If I am not doing My Father’s works, ba don’t believe Me. 38 But if I am doing them and you don’t believe Me, believe the works. This way you will know and understand
Other mss read know and believe
that the Father is in Me and I in the Father.bc
39 Then they were trying again to seize Him, bd yet He eluded their grasp. be

Many beyond the Jordan Believe in Jesus

40 So He departed again across the Jordan bf to the place where John bg had been baptizing earlier, and He remained there. 41 Many came to Him bh and said, “John never did a sign, but everything John said about this man was true.” 42 And many believed in Him there.
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