John 19

Jesus Flogged and Mocked

1 Then
Pilate: Pontius Pilate was governor of the province of Judea a.d. 26-36.
Pilate took Jesus and had Him flogged.
2 The soldiers also twisted together a crown b of thorns, put it on His head, and threw a purple robe around Him. 3 And they repeatedly came up to Him c and said, “Hail, King of the Jews!” and were slapping His face.

4 Pilate went outside again and said to them, “Look, I’m bringing Him outside to you to let you know I find no grounds d for charging Him.”

Pilate Sentences Jesus to Death

5 Then Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. e Pilate said to them, “Here is the man!” f

6 When the
chief priest(s): A group of Jewish temple officers that included the highpriest, captain of the temple, temple overseers, and treasurers
chief priests and the temple police saw Him, they shouted, “Crucify! Crucify!”Pilate responded, “Take Him and crucify Him yourselves, for I find no grounds for charging Him.”

7 “We have a law,” the
Jew(s): In Jn the term Jews usually indicates those in Israel who were opposed to Jesus, particularly the Jewish authorities in Jerusalem who led the nation.
Jews replied to him, “and according to that law He must die, i because He made Himself
He claimed to be
the Son of God.” k

8 When Pilate heard this statement, he was more afraid than ever. 9He went back into the
headquarters /palace: The Latin word Praetorium was used by Greek writers for the residence of the Roman governor; it may also refer to military headquarters, the imperial court, or the emperor's guard.
headquarters m and asked Jesus, “Where are You from?” But Jesus did not give him an answer. n
10 So Pilate said to Him, “You’re not talking to me? Don’t You know that I have the authority to release You and the authority to crucify You?”

11“You would have no authority over Me at all,Jesus answered him, “if it hadn’t been given you from above. This is why the one who handed Me over to you has the greater sin.
To have sin is an idiom that refers to guilt caused by sin.

12 From that moment Pilate made every effort
Lit Pilate was trying
to release Him. But the Jews shouted, “If you release this man, you are not Caesar’s friend. Anyone who makes himself a king opposes Caesar!”

13When Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus outside. He sat down on the judge’s bench in a place called the Stone Pavement (but in
Hebrew: Or Aramaic; the translation of this word is debated since some claim Aramaic was commonly spoken in Palestine during NT times. More recently others claim that Hebrew was the spoken language.
Hebrew Gabbatha).
14It was the preparation day for the
Passover: The Israelite festival celebrated on the fourteenth day of the first month in the early spring. It was a celebration of the deliverance of the Israelites from Egypt, commemorating the final plague on Egypt when the firstborn were killed.
Passover, and it was about six in the morning.
Lit the sixth hour; see note at Jn 1:39; an alt. time reckoning would be about noon
Then he told the Jews, “Here is your king!”

15 But they shouted, “Take Him away! Take Him away! Crucify Him!”Pilate said to them, “Should I crucify your king?”“We have no king but Caesar!” the chief priests answered.

16 So then, because of them, he handed Him over to be crucified.

The Crucifixion

Therefore they took Jesus away.
Other mss add and led Him out
17 Carrying v His own cross, w He went out to what is called Skull Place, which in Hebrew is called Golgotha. 18 There they crucified Him and two others with Him, one on either side, with Jesus in the middle. 19 Pilate also had a sign lettered and put on the cross. The inscription was: JESUS THE NAZARENE THE KING OF THE JEWS.

20 Many of the Jews read this sign, because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, x and it was written in Hebrew,
Or Aramaic
Latin, and Greek.
21 So the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Don’t write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ z but that He said, ‘I am the King of the Jews.’”

22 Pilate replied, “What I have written, I have written.”

23 When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took His clothes and divided them into four parts, a part for each soldier. They also took the tunic, which was seamless, woven in one piece from the top. 24 So they said to one another, “Let’s not tear it, but cast lots for it, to see who gets it.” They did this to fulfill aa the Scripture ab that says: They divided My clothes among themselves, and they cast lots for My clothing. ac , ad And this is what the soldiers did.

Jesus’ Provision for His Mother

25 Standing ae by the cross af of Jesus were His mother, ag His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and
Mary Magdalene: Or Mary of Magdala; Magdala was probably on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee, north of Tiberias.
Mary Magdalene. ai
26When Jesus saw His mother and the disciple He loved aj standing there, He said to His mother,
woman: When used in direct address, "Woman" was not a term of disrespect but of honor.
Woman, here is your son.
27 Then He said to the disciple, “Here is your mother.And from that hour the disciple took her into his home.

The Finished Work of Jesus

28 After al this, when Jesus knew that everything was now accomplished am that the Scripture might be fulfilled, He said, “I’m thirsty!an 29A jar full of sour wine was sitting there; so they fixed a sponge full of sour wine on hyssop
Or with hyssop
ap and held it up to His mouth.

30 When Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!aq Then bowing His head, He gave up His spirit. ar

Jesus’ Side Pierced

31 Since it was the preparation day, as the Jews did not want the bodies at to remain on the cross au on the Sabbath av (for that Sabbath was a special
Lit great
day). They requested that Pilate have the men’s legs broken and that their bodies be taken away. ax
32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first man and of the other one who had been crucified with Him. 33When they came to Jesus, they did not break His legs since they saw that He was already dead. ay 34 But one of the soldiers pierced az His side ba with a spear, and at once blood and water bb came out. 35 He who saw this has testified bc so that you also may believe. His testimony is true, and he knows he is telling the truth. bd 36 For these things happened so that the Scripture would be fulfilled: be Not one of His bones will be broken. bf , bg 37 Also, another Scripture says: They will look at the One they pierced. bh , bi

Jesus’ Burial

38 After bj this, Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus – but secretly because of his fear of the Jews – asked Pilate that he might remove Jesus’ body. bk Pilate gave him permission, so he came and took His body away. 39 Nicodemus bl (who had previously come to Him at night) also came, bringing a mixture of about 75 pounds
Lit 100 litrai; a Roman litrai = 12 ounces
of myrrh and aloes.
40 Then they took Jesus’ body bn and wrapped it in linen cloths bo with the aromatic spices, according to the burial bp custom of the Jews. 41There was a garden in the place where He was crucified. A new tomb was in the garden; no one had yet been placed in it. 42They placed Jesus there because of the Jewish preparation and since the tomb was nearby.
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