Judges 10

Tola and Jair

1 After Abimelech, Tola son of Puah, son of Dodo became judge and began to deliver Israel. He was from Issachar and lived in Shamir in the hill country of Ephraim. 2Tola judged Israel 23 years and when he died, was buried in Shamir.

3 After him came Jair the Gileadite, a who judged Israel 22 years. 4He had 30 sons who rode on 30 donkeys. They had 30 towns
LXX; MT reads donkeys
in Gilead, which are called Jair’s Villages
Or called Havvoth-jair
to this day.
5When Jair died, he was buried in Kamon.

Israel’s Rebellion and Repentance

6 Then the Israelites again did what was evil in the sight of the Lord. d They worshiped the
Baal: A fertility god who was the main god of the Canaanite religion and the god of rain and thunderstorms; also the Hebrew word meaning "lord," "master," "owner," or "husband"
Baals and the
Ashtoreth(s): A Canaanite goddess of fertility, love, and war, who was the daughter of Asherah and consort of Baal; the plural form of her name in Hebrew is Ashtaroth.
Ashtoreths, the gods of Aram, Sidon, and Moab, and the gods of the Ammonites and the Philistines. g They abandoned
Yahweh/Yah: Or The Lord; the personal name of God in Hebrew; "Yah" is the shortened form of the name.
Yahweh and did not worship Him. i
7So the Lord’s anger burned against Israel, and He sold them to
Lit into the hand of
the Philistines and the Ammonites.
8They shattered and crushed the Israelites that year, and for 18 years they did the same to all the Israelites who were on the other side of the Jordan k in the land of the Amorites l in Gilead. 9The Ammonites also crossed the Jordan to fight against Judah, Benjamin, and the house of Ephraim. Israel was greatly oppressed, 10so they cried out to the Lord, saying, “We have sinned against You. m We have abandoned our God and worshiped the Baals.”

11The Lord said to the Israelites, “When the Egyptians, n Amorites, Ammonites, Philistines, 12 Sidonians, Amalekites, and Maonites
LXX reads Midianites
p oppressed you, and you cried out to Me, did I not deliver you from their power?
13But you have abandoned Me and worshiped other gods. Therefore, I will not deliver you again. 14 Go and cry out to the gods you have chosen. q Let them deliver you in the time of your oppression.”

15But the Israelites said, “We have sinned. Deal with us as You see fit;
Lit Do to us what is good in Your eyes
only deliver us s today!”
16So they got rid of the foreign gods t among them and worshiped the Lord, u and He became weary v of Israel’s misery.

17The Ammonites were called together, and they camped in Gilead. So the Israelites assembled and camped at Mizpah. w 18The rulers
Lit The people, rulers
of Gilead said to one another, “Which man will lead the fight against the Ammonites? He will be the leader of all the inhabitants of Gilead.”
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