Luke 12

Beware of Religious Hypocrisy

1In these circumstances,
Or Meanwhile, or At this time, or During this period
a crowd of many thousands came together, so that they were trampling b on one another. He began to say to His disciples first: c “Be on your guard d against the yeast
Or leaven
f of the
Pharisee(s): In Judaism a religious sect that followed the whole written and oral law
Pharisees, which is hypocrisy. h
2There is nothing covered that won’t be uncovered, i nothing hidden that won’t be made known. j 3 Therefore, whatever you have said in the dark will be heard in the light, and what you have whispered in an ear in private rooms k will be proclaimed on the housetops. l

Fear God

4 “And I say to you, My friends, m don’t fear n those who kill the body, and after that can do nothing more. 5 But I will show you the One to fear: Fear o Him who has authority to throw people into
hell/hellfire: Greek Gehenna; Aramaic for Valley of Hinnom on the south side of Jerusalem; it was formerly a place of human sacrifice and in NT times a place for the burning of garbage; the place of final judgment for those rejecting Christ.
hell q after death. Yes, I say to you, this is the One to fear!
6 Aren’t five sparrows sold for two pennies?
Lit two assaria; the assarion (sg) was a small copper coin
Yet not one of them is forgotten in God’s sight. s
7 Indeed, the hairs of your head are all counted. Don’t be afraid; you are worth more than many sparrows!

Acknowledging Christ

8 “And I say to you, anyone who acknowledges t Me before men, the
Son of Man: The most frequent title Jesus used for Himself; Dn 7:13
Son of Man v will also acknowledge him before the angels of God, w
9 but whoever denies Me before men will be denied before the angels of God. x 10 Anyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, y but the one who blasphemes against the Holy Spirit z will not be forgiven. 11 Whenever aa they bring you before
synagogue(s): A place where the Jewish people met for prayer, worship and teaching of the Scriptures
synagogues and rulers and authorities, ac don’t worry ad about how you should defend ae yourselves or what you should say.
12 For the Holy Spirit will teach you at that very hour what must be said.” af

The Parable of the Rich Fool

13 Someone from the crowd said to Him, “Teacher, ag tell my brother to divide the inheritance with me.”

14 “Friend,
Lit Man
He said to him, “who appointed Me a judge or arbitrator over you?
15He then told them, “Watch out and be on guard ai against all greed aj because one’s life is not in the abundance of his possessions.ak

16 Then He told them a parable: al “A rich am man’s land was very productive. 17He thought to himself, ‘What should I do, since I don’t have anywhere to store my crops? 18I will do this,’ he said. ‘I’ll tear down my barns and build bigger ones and store all my grain and my goods there. 19 Then I’ll say to myself, “You
Lit say to my soul, “Soul, you
have many goods stored up for many years. Take it easy; ao eat, drink, and enjoy yourself.”’ ap

20 “But God said to him, ‘You fool! aq This very night your
life/soul: The Greek word psyche can be translated life or soul.
life is demanded of you. And the things you have prepared – whose will they be?’ as

21“That’s how it is with the one who stores up treasure at for himself and is not rich toward

The Cure for Anxiety

22 Then He said to His disciples: “Therefore I tell you, av don’t worry about your life, what you will eat; or about the body, what you will wear. aw 23 For life is more than food and the body more than clothing. 24 Consider the ravens: ax They don’t sow or reap; they don’t have a storeroom or a barn; yet God feeds them. ay Aren’t you worth much more than the birds? 25 Can any of you add a
cubit: An OT measurement of distance that equaled about 18 inches
cubit to his height
Or add one moment to his life-span
by worrying? bb
26 If then you’re not able to do even a little thing, why worry about the rest?

27 “Consider how the wildflowers grow: They don’t labor or spin thread. Yet I tell you, not even Solomon bc in all his splendor was adorned like one of these! 28 If that’s how God clothes the grass, which is in the field today and is thrown into the furnace tomorrow, how much more will He do for you – you of little faith? bd 29 Don’t keep striving for what you should eat and what you should drink, and don’t be anxious. 30 For the Gentile world eagerly seeks be all these things, and your Father bf knows that you need them.

31 “But seek His kingdom, bg and these things will be provided for you. bh 32 Don’t be afraid, bi little flock, bj because your Father delights bk to give you the kingdom. bl 33 Sell bm your possessions and give to the poor. bn Make money-bags bo for yourselves that won’t grow old, an inexhaustible treasure bp in heaven, where no thief comes near and no moth destroys. 34 For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also. bq

Ready for the Master’s Return

35“Be ready for service
Lit Let your loins be girded; an idiom for tying up loose outer clothing in preparation for action; Ex 12:11
and have your lamps lit. bs
36 You must be like people waiting for their master bt to return
Lit master, when he should return
from the wedding banquet bv so that when he comes and knocks, they can open the door for him at once. bw
37 Those
slave: The strong Greek word doulos cannot be accurately translated in English by "servant" or "bond servant"; the HCSB translates this word as "slave," not out of insensitivity to the legitimate concerns of modern English speakers, but out of a commitment to accurately convey the brutal reality of the Roman empire's inhumane institution as well as the ownership called for by Christ.
slaves the master will find alert by when he comes will be blessed.
I assure you: This is a phrase used only by Jesus to testify to the certainty and importance of His words; in Mt, Mk and Lk it is literally Amen, I say to you, and in Jn it is literally Amen, amen, I say to you.
I assure you: He will get ready,
Lit will gird himself
have them recline at the table, then come and serve them. cb
38 If he comes in the middle of the night, or even near dawn,
Lit even in the second or third watch
and finds them alert, those slaves are blessed.
39 But know this: If the homeowner had known at what hour the thief was coming, cd he would not have let his house be broken into. 40 You also be ready, ce because the Son of Man cf is coming at an hour that you do not expect.” cg

Rewards and Punishment

41 “Lord,” Peter asked, “are You telling this parable to us or to everyone?”

42 The Lord said: “Who then is the faithful and sensible manager ch his master will put in charge of his household servants to give them their allotted food ci at the proper time? 43 That slave whose master finds him working when he comes will be rewarded. 44I tell you the truth: He will put him in charge of all his possessions. 45 But if that slave says in his heart, ‘My master is delaying his coming,’ cj and starts to beat the male and female slaves, and to eat and drink and get drunk, 46 that slave’s master will come on a day he does not expect him and at an hour he does not know. He will cut him to pieces
Lit him in two
and assign him a place with the unbelievers.
Or unfaithful, or untrustworthy
47 And that slave who knew his master’s will and didn’t prepare himself or do it
Lit or do toward his will
will be severely beaten. cn
48 But the one who did not know and did things deserving co of blows will be beaten lightly. Much will be required of everyone who has been given much. And even more will be expected of the one who has been entrusted with more.
Or much

Not Peace but Division

49“I came cr to bring fire on the earth, and how I wish it were already set ablaze! 50 But I have a baptism to be baptized with, cs and how it consumes ct Me until it is finished! cu 51Do you think that I came here to give peace to the earth? cv No, I tell you, but rather division! 52From now on, five in one household will be divided: three against two, and two against three.

53They will be divided, father against son,
son against father,
mother against daughter,
daughter against mother,
mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law,
and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law. cw , cx

Interpreting the Time

54 He also said to the crowds: cy “When you see a cloud rising in the west, right away you say, ‘A storm is coming,’ and so it does. cz 55 And when the south wind is blowing, you say, ‘It’s going to be a scorcher!’ and it is. 56 Hypocrites! da You know how to interpret the appearance of the earth and the sky, but why don’t you know how to interpret this time? db

Settling Accounts

57 “Why don’t you judge for yourselves what is right? dc 58 As you are going with your adversary dd to the ruler, make an effort to settle with him on the way. Then he won’t drag you before the judge, de the judge hand you over to the bailiff, and the bailiff throw you into prison. df 59I tell you, you will never get out of there until you have paid the last cent.
Gk lepton, the smallest and least valuable copper coin in use
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