Luke 14

A Sabbath Controversy

1One Sabbath, when He went to eat
Lit eat bread; = eat a meal
at the house of one of the leading
Pharisee(s): In Judaism a religious sect that followed the whole written and oral law
Pharisees, c they were watching Him closely. d
2There in front of Him was a man whose body was swollen with fluid.
Afflicted with dropsy or edema
3In response, Jesus asked the law experts f and the Pharisees, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath or not?g 4 But they kept silent. He took the man, healed him, and sent him away. 5 And to them, He said, “Which of you whose son or ox falls into a well, will not immediately pull him out on the Sabbath day?h 6 To this they could find no answer.

Teachings on Humility

7 He told a parable i to those who were invited, when He noticed how they would choose the best places j for themselves: 8 “When you are invited by someone to a wedding banquet, don’t recline at the best place, because a more distinguished person k than you may have been invited by your host.
Lit by him
9 The one who invited both of you may come and say to you, ‘Give your place to this man,’ and then in humiliation, you will proceed to take the lowest place.

10 “But when you are invited, go and recline in the lowest place, so that when the one who invited you comes, he will say to you, ‘Friend, move up higher.’ You will then be honored m in the presence of all the other guests. n 11 For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and the one who humbles himself will be exalted.o

12He also said to the one who had invited Him, “When you give a lunch or a dinner, don’t invite your friends, your
brother(s): The Greek word adelphoi can be used as a reference to males only or to groups that include males and females. It is the context of each usage that determines the proper meaning.
brothers, your relatives, or your rich neighbors, because they might invite you back, and you would be repaid.
13On the contrary, when you host a banquet, q invite those who are poor, maimed, lame, or blind. r 14 And you will be blessed, because they cannot repay you; for you will be repaid s at the resurrection of the righteous.t

The Parable of the Large Banquet

15 When u one of those who reclined at the table with Him heard these things, he said to Him, “The one who will eat bread in the kingdom of God v is blessed!”

16 Then He told him: “A man was giving a large banquet and invited many. 17At the time of the banquet, he sent his
slave: The strong Greek word doulos cannot be accurately translated in English by "servant" or "bond servant"; the HCSB translates this word as "slave," not out of insensitivity to the legitimate concerns of modern English speakers, but out of a commitment to accurately convey the brutal reality of the Roman empire's inhumane institution as well as the ownership called for by Christ.
slave to tell those who were invited, ‘Come, because everything is now ready.’

18 “But without exception
Lit And from one (voice)
they all began to make excuses. The first one said to him, ‘I have bought a field, and I must go out and see it. I ask you to excuse me.’

19 “Another said, ‘I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I’m going to try them out. I ask you to excuse me.’

20 “And another said, ‘I just got married,
Lit I have married a woman
z and therefore I’m unable to come.’

21 “So the slave came back and reported these things to his master. Then in anger, the master of the house told his slave, ‘Go out quickly into the streets and alleys of the city, and bring in here the poor, maimed, blind, and lame!’ aa

22 “‘Master,’ the slave said, ‘what you ordered has been done, and there’s still room.’

23 “Then the master told the slave, ‘Go out into the highways and lanes and make them come in, so that my house may be filled. 24 For I tell you, not one of those men who were invited will enjoy my banquet!’”

The Cost of Following Jesus

25 Now ab great crowds were traveling with Him. So He turned and said to them: 26 “If anyone comes to Me ac and does not hate ad his own father and mother, wife and children, brothers and sisters – yes, and even his own life – he cannot be My disciple. 27 Whoever does not bear his own cross ae and come after Me cannot be My disciple.

28 “For which of you, wanting to build a tower, doesn’t first sit down and calculate the cost af to see if he has enough to complete it? 29 Otherwise, after he has laid the foundation and cannot finish it, all the onlookers will begin to make fun of him, 30 saying, ‘This man started to build and wasn’t able to finish.’

31 “Or what king, going to war against another king, will not first sit down and decide if he is able with 10,000 to oppose the one who comes against him with 20,000? 32 If not, while the other is still far off, he sends a delegation and asks for terms of peace. 33In the same way, therefore, every one of you who does not say good-bye to
Or does not renounce or leave
all his possessions ah cannot be My disciple.

34 “Now, ai salt aj is good, but if salt should lose its taste, how will it be made salty? 35It isn’t fit for the soil or for the manure pile; they throw it out. Anyone who has ears to hear should listen!” ak
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