Luke 20

The Authority of Jesus Challenged

1One a day
Lit It happened on one of the days
as He was teaching c the people in the
temple complex: In the Jerusalem temple, the complex included the sanctuary (the holy place and the holy of holies), at least 4 courtyards (for priests, Jewish men, Jewish women, and Gentiles), numerous gates, and several covered walkways.
temple complex and proclaiming the good news, e the
chief priest(s): A group of Jewish temple officers that included the highpriest, captain of the temple, temple overseers, and treasurers
chief priests and the
scribe(s): A professional group in Judaism that copied the law of Moses and interpreted it, especially in legal cases
scribes, with the elders, h came up
2 and said to Him: “Tell us, by what authority are You doing these things? Who is it who gave You this authority?”

3He answered them, “I will also ask you a question. Tell Me, 4 was the baptism of John from heaven or from men?”

5They discussed it among themselves: “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ He will say, ‘Why didn’t you believe him?’ 6 But if we say, ‘From men,’ all the people i will stone us, because they are convinced that John was a prophet.” j

7 So they answered that they did not know its origin.
Or know where it was from

8 And Jesus said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things.

The Parable of the Vineyard Owner

9 Then l He began to tell the people this parable: “A man planted a vineyard, m leased it to tenant farmers, and went away for a long time. 10At harvest time he sent a
slave: The strong Greek word doulos cannot be accurately translated in English by "servant" or "bond servant"; the HCSB translates this word as "slave," not out of insensitivity to the legitimate concerns of modern English speakers, but out of a commitment to accurately convey the brutal reality of the Roman empire's inhumane institution as well as the ownership called for by Christ.
slave to the farmers so that they might give him some fruit from the vineyard. But the farmers beat him and sent him away empty-handed.
11He sent yet another slave, but they beat that one too, treated him shamefully, and sent him away empty-handed. 12 And he sent yet a third, but they wounded this one too and threw him out.

13 “Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What should I do? I will send my beloved o son. Perhaps
Other mss add when they see him
they will respect him.’

14 “But when the tenant farmers saw him, they discussed it among themselves and said, ‘This is the heir. Let’s kill him, so the inheritance will be ours!’ q 15 So they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him.“Therefore, what will the owner of the vineyard do to them? 16He will come and destroy r those farmers and give the vineyard to others.”But when they heard this they said, “No – never!” s

17 But He looked at them and said, “Then what is the meaning of this Scripture:
Lit What then is this that is written

The stone that the builders rejected
this has become the cornerstone?
Lit the head of the corner
w , x

18 Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces, and if it falls on anyone, it will grind him to powder!y

19 Then the scribes and the chief priests z looked for a way to get their hands on Him aa that very hour, because they knew He had told this parable against them, but they feared the people. ab

God and Caesar

20 They
The scribes and chief priests of v. 19
ad watched closely ae and sent spies af who pretended to be righteous,
Or upright; that is, loyal to God’s law
so they could catch Him in what He said,
Lit catch Him in [a] word
ai to hand Him aj over to the governor’s ak rule and authority.
21They questioned Him, “Teacher, we know that You speak and teach correctly, al and You don’t show partiality,
Lit You don’t receive a face
an but teach truthfully the way of God. ao
22Is it lawful ap for us to pay taxes aq to Caesar ar or not?”

23 But detecting their craftiness, He said to them,
Other mss add “Why are you testing Me?
24 “Show Me a
denarius: A small silver Roman coin, which was equal to a day's wage for a common laborer
denarius. Whose image and inscription does it have?
“Caesar’s,” they said.

25“Well then,” He told them, “give back to Caesar au the things that are Caesar’s and to God the things that are God’s.

26They were not able to catch Him in what He said
Lit catch Him in [a] word
in public,
Lit in front of the people
and being amazed at His answer, they became silent. ax

The Sadducees and the Resurrection

27 Some ay of the
Sadducee(s): In Judaism a religious sect that followed primarily the first 5 books of the OT (Torah or Pentateuch)
Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, ba came up and questioned Him:
28 “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother has a wife, and dies childless, his brother should take the wife and produce
offspring/ seed: This term is used literally or metaphorically to refer to plants or grain, sowing or harvest, male reproductive seed, human children or physical descendants, and also to spiritual children or to Christ (G13:16).
offspring for his brother.
bc , bd
29 Now there were seven brothers. The first took a wife and died without children. 30 Also the second
Other mss add took her as wife, and he died without children
31 and the third took her. In the same way, all seven died and left no children. 32 Finally, the woman died too. 33 In the resurrection, therefore, whose wife will the woman be? For all seven had married her.”
Lit had her as wife

34 Jesus told them, “The sons of this age bg marry and are given in marriage. bh 35 But those who are counted worthy bi to take part in that age bj and in the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage. 36 For they cannot die anymore, bk because they are like angels and are sons of God, bl since they are sons of the resurrection. 37 Moses even indicated in the passage about the burning bush that the dead are raised, where he calls the Lord the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob. bm , bn 38He is not God of the dead but of the living, because all are living to
Or with

39 Some of the scribes answered, “Teacher, You have spoken well.” 40 And they no longer dared to ask Him anything.

The Question about the Messiah

41 Then bq He said to them, “How can they say that the
Messiah: Or the Christ; the Greek word Christos means "the anointed one".
Messiah is the Son of David? bs
42 For David himself says in the Book of Psalms: bt

The Lord declared to my Lord,
‘Sit at My right hand
43until I make Your enemies Your footstool.’ bu , bv

44 David calls Him ‘Lord’; how then can the Messiah be his Son?bw

Warning against the Scribes

45 While bx all the people were listening, He said to His disciples, 46 “Beware by of the scribes, who want to go around in long robes and who love greetings in the marketplaces, the front seats in the
synagogue(s): A place where the Jewish people met for prayer, worship and teaching of the Scriptures
synagogues, and the places of honor at banquets. ca
47They devour widows’ houses and say long prayers just for show. These will receive greater punishment.
Or judgment
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