Luke 22

The Plot to Kill Jesus

1 The a Festival of
Unleavened Bread: A seven-day festival celebrated in conjunction with the Passover; Ex 12:1-20
Unleavened Bread, c which is called
Passover: The Israelite festival celebrated on the fourteenth day of the first month in the early spring. It was a celebration of the deliverance of the Israelites from Egypt, commemorating the final plague on Egypt when the firstborn were killed.
Passover, e was drawing near.
2 The
chief priest(s): A group of Jewish temple officers that included the highpriest, captain of the temple, temple overseers, and treasurers
chief priests and the
scribe(s): A professional group in Judaism that copied the law of Moses and interpreted it, especially in legal cases
scribes were looking for a way to put Him to death, h because they were afraid of the people. i

3 Then j Satan entered Judas, k called Iscariot, l who was numbered among the Twelve. 4He went away and discussed with the chief priests and temple police m how he could hand Him over n to them. 5They were glad and agreed to give him silver.
Or money; Mt 26:15 specifies 30 pieces of silver; Zch 11:12-13
6 So he accepted the offer and started looking for a good opportunity to betray Him to them when the crowd was not present.

Preparation for Passover

7 Then p the Day of Unleavened Bread came when the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed. q 8Jesus sent Peter and John, r saying, “Go and prepare the Passover meal for us, so we can eat it.

9 “Where do You want us to prepare it?” they asked Him.

10 “Listen,” He said to them, “when you’ve entered the city, a man carrying a water jug will meet you. Follow him into the house he enters. 11 Tell the owner of the house, ‘The Teacher asks you, “Where is the guest room where I can eat the Passover with My disciples?”’ 12 Then he will show you a large, furnished room upstairs. s Make the preparations there.”

13 So they went and found it just as He had told them, t and they prepared the Passover.

The First Lord’s Supper

14 When u the hour came, He reclined at the table, and the apostles with Him. 15 Then He said to them, “I have fervently desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you, I will not eat it again
Other mss omit again
until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.w
17 Then He took a cup, x and after giving thanks, y He said, “Take this and share it among yourselves. 18 For I tell you, from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.”

19 And He took bread, gave thanks, broke it, gave it to them, and said, “This is My body, z which is given for you. Do this in remembrance aa of Me.

20In the same way He also took the cup after supper and said, “This cup is the new covenant ab established by My blood; ac it is shed for you.
Other mss omit which is given for you (v. 19) through the end of v. 20
21 But ae look, the hand of the one betraying Me is at the table with Me! af 22 For the
Son of Man: The most frequent title Jesus used for Himself; Dn 7:13
Son of Man will go away as it has been determined, ah but woe to that man by whom He is betrayed!

23 So they began to argue ai among themselves which of them it could be who was going to do this thing.

The Dispute over Greatness

24 Then a dispute also arose among them about who should be considered the greatest. aj 25 But He said to them, ak “The kings of the Gentiles dominate them, and those who have authority over them are called
Or them call themselves
Title of honor given to those who benefited the public good
26 But it must not be like that among you. On the contrary, whoever is greatest among you must become like the youngest, an and whoever leads, like the one serving. 27 For who is greater, the one at the table or the one serving? Isn’t it the one at the table? But I am among you as the One who serves. ao 28 You are the ones who stood by Me in My trials. ap 29 I bestow on you a kingdom, aq just as My Father bestowed one on Me, 30so that you may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom. ar And you will sit on thrones judging the 12 tribes of Israel. as

Peter’s Denial Predicted

31 “Simon, Simon,
Other mss read Then the Lord said, “Simon, Simon
look out! Satan au has asked to sift you
In Gk, the word you is pl
like wheat. aw
32 But I have prayed ax for you
In Gk, the word you is sg
that your faith may not fail. And you, when you have turned back, strengthen az your brothers.

33 “Lord,” ba he told Him, “I’m ready to go with You both to prison and to death!”

34“I tell you, Peter,” He said, “the rooster will not crow today until
Other mss read before
you deny three times that you know Me!

Be Ready for Trouble

35 He also said to them, “When I sent you out bc without money-bag, traveling bag, or sandals, did you lack anything?”“Not a thing,” they said.

36 Then He said to them, “But now, whoever has a money-bag should take it, and also a traveling bag. And whoever doesn’t have a sword should sell his robe and buy one. 37 For I tell you, what is written must be fulfilled in Me: And He was counted among the outlaws. bd , be Yes, what is written about Me is coming to its

38 “Lord,” they said, “look, here are two swords.”“Enough of that!
Or It is enough!
He told them.

The Prayer in the Garden

39 He went out and made His way bh as usual bi to the
Mount of Olives: A mountain east of Jerusalem, across the Kidron Valley
Mount of Olives, bk and the disciples followed Him.
40When He reached the place, bl He told them, “Pray that you may not enter into 41 Then He withdrew from them about a stone’s throw, knelt down, and began to pray, bn 42 “Father, if You are willing, take this cup bo away from Me – nevertheless, not My will, but Yours, be done.”[ 43 Then an angel from heaven bp appeared to Him, strengthening Him. 44 Being in anguish, bq He prayed more fervently, and His sweat became like drops of blood falling to the ground.]
Other mss omit bracketed text
45When He got up from prayer and came to the disciples, He found them sleeping, exhausted from their grief.
Lit sleeping from grief
46 “Why are you sleeping?” He asked them. “Get up and pray, so that you won’t enter into temptation.

The Judas Kiss

47 While bt He was still speaking, suddenly a mob was there, and one of the Twelve named Judas was leading them. He came near Jesus to kiss Him, 48 but Jesus said to him, “Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?

49When those around Him saw what was going to happen, they asked, “Lord, should we strike with the sword?” 50 Then one of them struck the high priest’s
slave: The strong Greek word doulos cannot be accurately translated in English by "servant" or "bond servant"; the HCSB translates this word as "slave," not out of insensitivity to the legitimate concerns of modern English speakers, but out of a commitment to accurately convey the brutal reality of the Roman empire's inhumane institution as well as the ownership called for by Christ.
slave and cut off his right ear.

51 But Jesus responded, “No more of this!
Lit Permit as far as this
And touching his ear, He healed him.
52 Then Jesus said to the chief priests, temple police, and the elders who had come for Him, “Have you come out with swords and clubs as if I were a criminal?
Lit as against a criminal
53Every day while I was with you in the
temple complex: In the Jerusalem temple, the complex included the sanctuary (the holy place and the holy of holies), at least 4 courtyards (for priests, Jewish men, Jewish women, and Gentiles), numerous gates, and several covered walkways.
temple complex, by you never laid a hand on Me. But this is your hour bz – and the dominion of darkness.

Peter Denies His Lord

54 They seized Him, led Him away, and brought Him into the high priest’s house. Meanwhile Peter cb was following at a distance. 55They cc lit a fire in the middle of the courtyard cd and sat down together, and Peter sat among them. 56When a servant saw him sitting in the firelight, and looked closely at him, she said, “This man was with Him too.”

57 But he denied it: “Woman, I don’t know Him!”

58 After a little while, someone else saw him and said, “You’re one of them too!”“Man, I am not!” Peter said.

59 About an hour later, another kept insisting, “This man was certainly with Him, since he’s also a Galilean.”

60 But Peter said, “Man, I don’t know what you’re talking about!” Immediately, while he was still speaking, a rooster crowed. 61 Then the Lord turned and looked at Peter. ce So Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how He had said to him, “Before the rooster crows today, you will deny Me three 62 And he went outside and wept bitterly.

Jesus Mocked and Beaten

63 The men who were holding Jesus started mocking and beating Him. cg 64After blindfolding Him, they kept
Other mss add striking Him on the face and
asking, “Prophesy! Who hit You?”
65 And they were saying many other blasphemous ci things against Him.

Jesus Faces the Sanhedrin

66 When daylight came, cj the elders
Or council of elders
of the people, both the chief priests and the scribes, cl convened and brought Him before their
Sanhedrin: The supreme council of Judaism with 70 members, patterned after Moses' 70 elders
Sanhedrin. cn
67They said, co “If You are the
Messiah: Or the Christ; the Greek word Christos means "the anointed one".
Messiah, tell us.”But He said to them, “If I do tell you, you will not believe.
68 And if I ask you, you will not answer. 69 But from now on, the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the Power of God.” cq

70They all asked, “Are You, then, the Son of God?” crAnd He said to them, “You say that I am.cs

71 “Why do we need any more testimony,” they said, “since we’ve heard it ourselves from His mouth?”
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