Luke 3

The Messiah’s Herald

1 In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar,
Emperor who ruled the Roman Empire a.d. 14-37
while Pontius
Pilate: Pontius Pilate was governor of the province of Judea a.d. 26-36.
Pilate was governor of Judea, c
Herod/Herodians: The name of the Idumean family ruling Palestine from 37 b.c. to a.d. 95; the main rulers from this family mentioned in the NT are: Herod Antipas(4 b.c.-a.d. 39) son of Herod the Great; ruled one-fourth of his father's kingdom (Galilee and Perea); killed John the Baptist and mocked Jesus; Herod I (37 b.c.-4 b.c.) also known as Herod the Great; built the great temple in Jerusalem and massacred the male babies in Bethlehem; Herod Agrippa I (A.D. 3744) The grandson of Herod the Great; he beheaded James the apostle and imprisoned Peter; Herod Agrippa II (A.D. 52ca 95) The great-grandson of Herod the Great; he heard Paul's defense. Herodians were political supporters of Herod the Great and his family
Herod was tetrarch
Or ruler
of Galilee, f his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Iturea
A small province northeast of Galilee
and Trachonitis,
A small province northeast of Galilee
and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene,
A small Syrian province
2 during the high priesthood of Annas j and Caiaphas, k God’s word came to John the son of Zechariah in the wilderness. l 3He went into all the vicinity of the Jordan, m preaching a baptism of repentance
Or baptism based on repentance
for the forgiveness of sins,
4 as it is written in the book of the words of the prophet Isaiah:

A voice of one crying out in the wilderness:
Prepare the way for the Lord;
make His paths straight!
5 Every valley will be filled,
and every mountain and hill will be made low;
Lit be humbled

the crooked will become straight,
the rough ways smooth,
6 and everyone
Lit all flesh
will see the salvation of God.
q , r

7He then said to the crowds who came out to be baptized by him, “Brood of vipers! s Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath? 8 Therefore produce fruit consistent with repentance. And don’t start saying to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father,’ t for I tell you that God is able to raise up children for Abraham from these stones! 9 Even now the ax is ready to strike
Lit the ax lies at
the root of the trees! Therefore, every tree that doesn’t produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire.” v

10 “What then should we do?” w the crowds were asking him.

11He replied to them, “The one who has two shirts
Lit tunics
must share with someone who has none, and the one who has food must do the same.” y

12Tax collectors also came to be baptized, and they asked him, “Teacher, what should we do?” z

13He told them, “Don’t collect any more than what you have been authorized.”

14Some soldiers also questioned him: “What should we do?”He said to them, “Don’t take money from anyone by force or false accusation; be satisfied with your wages.”

15 Now the people were waiting expectantly, and all of them were debating in their minds
Or hearts
whether John might be the
Messiah: Or the Christ; the Greek word Christos means "the anointed one".
Messiah. ac
16 John answered them all, ad “I baptize you with
Or in
water, but One is coming who is more powerful than I. I am not worthy to untie the strap of His sandals. He will baptize you with
Or in
the Holy Spirit and fire.
17 His winnowing shovel
A wooden farm implement used to toss threshed grain into the wind so the lighter chaff would blow away and separate from the heavier grain
ah is in His hand to clear His threshing floor and gather the wheat into His barn, but the chaff He will burn up with a fire that never goes out.” ai
18 Then, along with many other exhortations, he proclaimed good news to the people. 19 But Herod the tetrarch, aj being rebuked by him about Herodias, his brother’s wife, and about all the evil things Herod had done, ak 20 added this to everything else – he locked John up in prison. al

The Baptism of Jesus

21 When all the people were baptized, am Jesus also was baptized. As He was praying, an heaven opened, 22 and the Holy Spirit descended on Him in a physical appearance like a dove. And a voice came from heaven:

You are My beloved Son.
I take delight in You! ao

The Genealogy of Jesus Christ

23 As He began His ministry, Jesus was about 30 years old and was thought to be
People did not know about His virgin birth; Mt 1:18-25; Lk 1:26-38

son of Joseph, aq son
The relationship in some cases may be more distant than a son.
of Heli,
24 son of Matthat, son of Levi,
son of Melchi, son of Jannai,
son of Joseph,
25 son of Mattathias,
son of Amos, son of Nahum,
son of Esli, son of Naggai,
26 son of Maath, son of Mattathias,
son of Semein, son of Josech,
son of Joda,
27 son of Joanan,
son of Rhesa, son of Zerubbabel, as
son of Shealtiel, son of Neri,
28 son of Melchi, son of Addi,
son of Cosam, son of Elmadam,
son of Er,
29 son of Joshua,
son of Eliezer, son of Jorim,
son of Matthat, son of Levi,
30 son of Simeon, son of Judah,
son of Joseph, son of Jonam,
son of Eliakim,
31 son of Melea,
son of Menna, son of Mattatha,
son of Nathan, son of David,
32 son of Jesse, at son of Obed,
son of Boaz, son of Salmon,
Other mss read Sala

son of Nahshon,
33 son of Amminadab,
son of Ram,
Other mss read Amminadab, son of Aram, son of Joram; other mss read Amminadab, son of Admin, son of Arni
son of Hezron,
son of Perez, son of Judah,
34 son of Jacob, son of Isaac,
son of Abraham, aw son of Terah,
son of Nahor,
35 son of Serug,
son of Reu, son of Peleg,
son of Eber, son of Shelah,
36 son of Cainan, son of Arphaxad,
son of Shem, son of Noah, ax
son of Lamech,
37 son of Methuselah,
son of Enoch, son of Jared,
son of Mahalaleel, son of Cainan,
38 son of Enos, son of Seth,
son of Adam, son of God.
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