Matthew 10

Commissioning the Twelve

1 Summoning His 12 disciples, a He gave them authority over
unclean: When something is clean, it is holy or acceptable to God. When it is unclean, it is unholy (such as an unclean spirit). The term can be used in a ritual sense to apply to moral standards for living.
unclean spirits, to drive them out and to heal every
Or every kind of
disease and sickness. d
2 These are the names of the 12 apostles: e

First, Simon, who is called Peter,
and Andrew his brother;
James the son of Zebedee,
and John his brother;
3 Philip and Bartholomew;
Probably the Nathanael of Jn 1:45-51

Thomas and Matthew the tax collector;
James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus;
Other mss read and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus

4 Simon the Zealot,
Lit the Cananaean
and Judas Iscariot,
Iscariot is probably “a man of Kerioth,” a town in Judea.

who also betrayed Him. j

5 Jesus sent out these 12 after giving them instructions: “Don’t take the road leading to other nations, and don’t enter any
Samaritan(s): People of mixed, Gentile/ Jewish ancestry who lived between Galilee and Judea and were hated by the Jews
Samaritan l town.
6 Instead, go to the lost sheep m of the house of Israel. n 7As you go, announce this: ‘The kingdom of heaven has come near.’ o 8 Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse those with skin diseases, drive out demons. p You have received free of charge; give free of charge. 9 Don’t take along gold, silver, or copper for your money-belts. q 10 Don’t take a traveling bag for the road, or an extra shirt, sandals, or a walking stick, for the worker r is worthy of his food.

11“When you enter any town or village, find out who is worthy, and stay there until you leave. 12 Greet a household when you enter it, s 13 and if the household is worthy, let your peace be on it. But if it is unworthy, let your peace return to you. t 14 If anyone will not welcome you or listen to your words, shake the dust off your feet u when you leave that house or town. 15
I assure you: This is a phrase used only by Jesus to testify to the certainty and importance of His words; in Mt, Mk and Lk it is literally Amen, I say to you, and in Jn it is literally Amen, amen, I say to you.
I assure you: It will be more tolerable on the day of judgment w for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah than for that town. x

Persecutions Predicted

16 “Look, I’m sending you out like sheep among wolves. Therefore be as shrewd as serpents and as harmless as doves. y 17 Because people will hand you over to sanhedrins
Local Jewish courts or local councils
and flog you in their
synagogue(s): A place where the Jewish people met for prayer, worship and teaching of the Scriptures
synagogues, ab beware of them.
18You will even be brought before governors and kings because of Me, to bear witness to them and to the nations. ac 19 But when they hand you over, don’t worry about how or what you should speak. ad For you will be given what to say at that hour, 20 because you are not speaking, but the Spirit ae of your Father is speaking through you. af

21 “Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child. Children will even rise up against their parents and have them put to death. ag 22You will be hated by everyone because of My name. ah But the one who endures to the end will be delivered.
Or saved
23 When they persecute you in one town, escape to another. ak For I assure you: You will not have covered the towns of Israel before the
Son of Man: The most frequent title Jesus used for Himself; Dn 7:13
Son of Man comes.
24A disciple
Or student
is not above his teacher, or a
slave: The strong Greek word doulos cannot be accurately translated in English by "servant" or "bond servant"; the HCSB translates this word as "slave," not out of insensitivity to the legitimate concerns of modern English speakers, but out of a commitment to accurately convey the brutal reality of the Roman empire's inhumane institution as well as the ownership called for by Christ.
slave above his master. ao
25It is enough for a disciple to become like his teacher and a slave like his master. If they called the head of the house
Beelzebul: A term of slander, which was variously interpreted "lord of flies," "lord of dung," or "ruler of demons"; 2 Kg 1:2; Mk 3:22
Beelzebul,’ how much more the members of his household! aq

Fear God

26 “Therefore, ar don’t be afraid of them, since there is nothing covered that won’t be uncovered and nothing hidden that won’t be made known. as 27 What I tell you in the dark, speak in the light. What you hear in a whisper,
Lit in the ear
proclaim on the housetops. au
28 Don’t fear those who kill the body but are not able to kill the soul; av rather, fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in
hell/hellfire: Greek Gehenna; Aramaic for Valley of Hinnom on the south side of Jerusalem; it was formerly a place of human sacrifice and in NT times a place for the burning of garbage; the place of final judgment for those rejecting Christ.
hell. ax
29 Aren’t two sparrows sold for a penny?
Gk assarion, a small copper coin
Yet not one of them falls to the ground without your Father’s az consent.
Lit ground apart from your Father
30 But even the hairs of your head have all been counted. bb 31So don’t be afraid therefore; you are worth more than many sparrows. bc

Acknowledging Christ

32 “Therefore, everyone who will acknowledge Me before men, I will also acknowledge him before My Father in heaven. bd 33 But whoever denies Me before men, be I will also deny him before My Father in heaven. 34 Don’t assume that I came to bring peace on the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword. bf 35 For I came to turn

a man against his father,
a daughter against her mother,
a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law;
36and a man’s enemies will be
the members of his household. bg , bh

37 The person who loves father or mother more than Me is not worthy of Me; bi the person who loves son or daughter more than Me is not worthy of Me. 38 And whoever doesn’t take up his cross and follow
Lit follow after
Me is not worthy of Me.
39 Anyone finding
Or The one who finds
his life will lose it, bl and anyone losing
Or and the one who loses
his life because of Me will find it. bn

A Cup of Cold Water

40 “The one who welcomes you welcomes Me, bo and the one who welcomes Me welcomes Him who sent Me. bp 41 Anyone who
Or The one who
welcomes a prophet br because he is a prophet
Lit prophet in the name of a prophet
will receive a prophet’s reward. And anyone who
Or And the one who
welcomes a righteous person because he’s righteous
Lit person in the name of a righteous person
will receive a righteous person’s reward.
42 And whoever gives bv just a cup of cold water to one of these little ones because he is a disciple
Lit little ones in the name of a disciple
bx– I assure you: He will never lose his reward!
Copyright information for HCSB