Matthew 13

The Parable of the Sower

1 On that day Jesus went out of the house and was sitting by the sea. a 2Such large crowds gathered around Him that He got into a boat and sat down, while the whole crowd stood on the shore. b

3 Then He told them many things in parables, c saying: “Consider the sower who went out to sow. 4 As he was sowing, some seed fell along the path, and the birds came and ate them up. 5 Others fell on rocky ground, where there wasn’t much soil, and they sprang up quickly since the soil wasn’t deep. 6 But when the sun came up they were scorched, and since they had no root, they withered. 7 Others fell among thorns, and the thorns came up and choked them. 8Still others fell on good ground and produced a crop: some 100, some 60, and some 30 times what was sown. d 9 Anyone who has ears
Other mss add to hear
should listen!

Why Jesus Used Parables

10 Then the disciples g came up and asked Him, “Why do You speak to them in parables?” h

11 He answered them, “Because the
secret: Translation of the Greek word mysterion; it is a secret hidden in the past but now revealed.
secrets of the kingdom of heaven have been given for you to know, j but it has not been given to them.
12 For whoever has, more will be given to him, and he will have more than enough. But whoever does not have, even what he has will be taken away from him. k 13For this reason I speak to them in parables, because looking they do not see, l and hearing they do not listen or understand. m 14 Isaiah’s prophecy is fulfilled in them, which says:

You will listen and listen,
yet never understand;
and you will look and look,
yet never perceive. n
15For this people’s heart has grown callous;
their ears are hard of hearing,
and they have shut their eyes;
otherwise they might see with their eyes
and hear with their ears,
understand with their hearts
and turn back
and I would cure them. o , p

16 “But your eyes are blessed q because they do see, and your ears because they do hear! r 17 For
I assure you: This is a phrase used only by Jesus to testify to the certainty and importance of His words; in Mt, Mk and Lk it is literally Amen, I say to you, and in Jn it is literally Amen, amen, I say to you.
I assure you: Many prophets and righteous people longed to see the things you see yet didn’t see them; to hear the things you hear yet didn’t hear them. t

The Parable of the Sower Explained

18 “You, then, listen to the parable of the sower: u 19When anyone hears the word
Gk logos = word, or message, or saying, or thing
about the kingdom and doesn’t understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what was sown in his heart. This is the one sown along the path. w
20 And the one sown on rocky ground – this is one who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy. x 21 Yet he has no root in himself, but is short-lived. When pressure or persecution y comes because of the word, immediately he stumbles. 22 Now the one sown among the thorns – this is one who hears the word, but the worries of this age z and the seduction
Or pleasure, or deceitfulness
of wealth ab choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.
23 But the one sown on the good ground – this is one who hears and understands the word, who does bear fruit and yields: some 100, some 60, some 30 times what was sown.”

The Parable of the Wheat and the Weeds

24 He presented another parable to them: “The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field. ac 25 But while people were sleeping, his enemy came, sowed weeds
Or darnel, a weed similar in appearance to wheat in the early stages
among the wheat, and left.
26 When the plants sprouted and produced grain, then the weeds also appeared. 27 The landowner’s
slave: The strong Greek word doulos cannot be accurately translated in English by "servant" or "bond servant"; the HCSB translates this word as "slave," not out of insensitivity to the legitimate concerns of modern English speakers, but out of a commitment to accurately convey the brutal reality of the Roman empire's inhumane institution as well as the ownership called for by Christ.
slaves af came to him and said, ‘Master, didn’t you sow good seed in your field? Then where did the weeds come from?’

28“‘An enemy did this!’ he told them.“‘So, do you want us to go and gather them up?’ the slaves asked him.

29 “‘No,’ he said. ‘When you gather up the weeds, you might also uproot the wheat with them. 30 Let both grow together until the harvest. At harvest time I’ll tell the reapers: Gather the weeds first and tie them in bundles to burn them, but store the wheat in my barn.’”

The Parables of the Mustard Seed and of the Yeast

31 He ag presented another parable to them: “The kingdom of heaven ah is like a mustard seed that a man took and sowed in his field. 32 It’s the smallest of all the seeds, but when grown, it’s taller than the vegetables and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the sky come and nest in its branches.” ai

33He told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like yeast that a woman took and mixed into 50 pounds
Lit 3 sata; about 40 quarts
of flour until it spread through all of it.
Or until all of it was leavened

Using Parables Fulfills Prophecy

34 Jesus told the crowds all these things in parables, and He would not speak anything to them without a parable, am 35so that what was spoken through the prophet might be fulfilled:

I will open My mouth in parables;
I will declare things kept secret
from the foundation of the world. an , ao

Jesus Interprets the Wheat and the Weeds

36 Then He dismissed the crowds and went into the house. His disciples approached Him and said, “Explain the parable of the weeds in the field to us.” ap

37 He replied: “The One who sows the good seed is the
Son of Man: The most frequent title Jesus used for Himself; Dn 7:13
Son of Man;
38 the field is the world; and the good seed – these are the sons of the kingdom. The weeds are the sons of the evil one, ar 39 and the enemy who sowed them is the Devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the harvesters are angels. as 40 Therefore, just as the weeds are gathered and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end of the age. at 41 The Son of Man will send out His angels, and they will gather from His kingdom everything that causes sin
Or stumbling
and those
guilt/guilty: The liability to be punished for a fault, a sin, an act, or an omission unless there is forgiveness or atonement; the term normally concerns an objective fact, not a subjective feeling.
guilty of lawlessness.
Or those who do lawlessness
42They will throw them into the blazing furnace ay where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. az 43 Then the righteous will shine like the sun in their Father’s kingdom. Anyone who has ears
Other mss add to hear
should listen! bb

The Parables of the Hidden Treasure and of the Priceless Pearl

44 “The kingdom of heaven is like treasure, buried in a field, that a man found and reburied. Then in his joy he goes and sells everything he has and buys that field. bc

45 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant in search of fine pearls. 46When he found one priceless
Or very precious
pearl, he went and sold everything he had, and bought it. be

The Parable of the Net

47 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a large net thrown into the sea. It collected every kind of fish, bf 48and when it was full, they dragged it ashore, sat down, and gathered the good fish into containers, but threw out the worthless ones. 49 So it will be at the end of the age. The angels will go out, separate the evil people from the righteous, bg 50 and throw them into the blazing furnace. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. bh

The Storehouse of Truth

51“Have you understood all these things?
Other mss add Jesus asked them
“Yes,” they told Him.

52 “Therefore,He said to them, “every student of Scripture
Or every scribe
instructed in the kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who brings out of his storeroom what is new and what is old.
53 When Jesus had finished these parables, He left there.

Rejection at Nazareth

54 He went to His hometown bl and began to teach them in their
synagogue(s): A place where the Jewish people met for prayer, worship and teaching of the Scriptures
synagogue, so that they were astonished and said, “How did this wisdom and these miracles come to Him? bn
55 Isn’t this the carpenter’s son? bo Isn’t His mother called Mary, and His brothers James, bp Joseph,
Other mss read Joses; Mk 6:3
Simon, and Judas? br
56 And His sisters, aren’t they all with us? So where does He get all these things?” 57 And they were
cause the downfall of/ causes to sin: The Greek word skandalizo has a root meaning of "snare" or "trap," but has no real English counterpart.
offended by Him.But Jesus said to them, “A prophet is not without honor except in his hometown and in his
58 And He did not do many miracles there because of their unbelief.
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