Matthew 15

The Tradition of the Elders

1 Then a
Pharisee(s): In Judaism a religious sect that followed the whole written and oral law
Pharisees and
scribe(s): A professional group in Judaism that copied the law of Moses and interpreted it, especially in legal cases
scribes came from Jerusalem to Jesus and asked d
2 “Why do Your disciples e break the tradition of the elders? For they don’t wash their hands when they eat!”
Lit eat bread = eat a meal
,
g

3 He answered them, “And why do you break God’s commandment because of your tradition? 4 For God said:
Other mss read commanded, saying

Honor your father and your mother; i , j and,
The one who speaks evil of father or mother
must be put to death. k , l

5 But you say, ‘Whoever tells his father or mother, “Whatever benefit you might have received from me is a gift committed to the temple” – 6he does not have to honor his father.’
Other mss read then he does not have to honor his father or mother
In this way, you have revoked God’s word
Other mss read commandment
because of your tradition.
7 Hypocrites! Isaiah prophesied correctly about you when he said:

8These people
Other mss add draw near to Me with their mouths, and
honor Me with their lips,

but their heart is far from Me.
9They worship Me in vain,
teaching as doctrines the commands of men. p , q

Defilement Is from Within

10 Summoning the crowd, He told them, “Listen and understand: 11It’s not what goes into the mouth that defiles r a man, but what comes out of the mouth, this defiles a man.” s

12 Then the disciples came up and told Him, “Do You know that the Pharisees took offense when they heard this statement?”

13 He replied, “Every plant that My heavenly Father didn’t plant will be uprooted. t 14Leave them alone! They are blind guides.
Other mss add for the blind
And if the blind guide the blind, both will fall into a pit.v

15 Then Peter replied to Him, “Explain this parable to us.” w

16 “Are even you still lacking in understanding?He
Other mss read Jesus
asked.
17 “Don’t you realize
Other mss add yet
that whatever goes into the mouth passes into the stomach and is eliminated?
Lit and goes out into the toilet
18 But what comes out of the mouth comes from the heart, and this defiles a man. aa 19 For from the heart come evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, sexual immoralities, thefts, false testimonies ab blasphemies. ac 20 These are the things that defile a man, but eating with unwashed hands does not defile a man.” ad

A Gentile Mother’s Faith

21 When Jesus left there, ae He withdrew to the area of Tyre and Sidon. af 22Just then a Canaanite woman from that region came and kept crying out,
Other mss read and cried out to Him
“Have mercy on me, Lord, Son of David! My daughter is cruelly tormented by a demon.” ah

23 Yet He did not say a word to her. So His disciples ai approached Him and urged Him, “Send her away because she cries out after us.”
Lit she is yelling behind us or after us

24 He replied, “I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.ak

25 But she came, knelt before Him, and said, “Lord, help me!”

26 He answered, “It isn’t right to take the children’s bread and throw it to their dogs.al

27 “Yes, Lord,” she said, “yet even the dogs eat the crumbs that fall from their masters’ table!”

28 Then Jesus replied to her,
woman: When used in direct address, "Woman" was not a term of disrespect but of honor.
Woman, your faith is great. Let it be done for you as you want.
And from that moment
Lit hour
her daughter was cured. ao

Healing Many People

29 Moving on from there, ap Jesus passed along the Sea of Galilee. aq He went up on a mountain and sat there, 30 and large crowds came to Him, having with them the lame, the blind, the deformed, those unable to speak, and many others. They put them at His feet, and He healed them. 31 So the crowd was amazed when they saw those unable to speak talking, the deformed restored, the lame walking, and the blind seeing. ar And they gave glory to the God of Israel.

Feeding 4,000

32 Now Jesus summoned His disciples and said as “I have compassion on the crowd, because they’ve already stayed with Me three days and have nothing to eat. I don’t want to send them away hungry; otherwise they might collapse on the way.

33 The disciples said to Him, “Where could we get enough bread in this desolate place at to fill such a crowd?”

34“How many loaves do you have?Jesus asked them.“Seven,” they said, “and a few small fish.”

35After commanding the crowd to sit down on the ground, 36He took the seven loaves and the fish, and He gave thanks, broke them, and kept on giving them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowds. au 37They all ate and were filled. Then they collected the leftover pieces – seven large baskets full. 38 Now those who ate were 4,000 men, besides women and children. 39After dismissing the crowds, He got into the boat and went to the region of Magadan.
Other mss read Magdala
,
aw
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