Matthew 16

The Yeast of the Pharisees and the Sadducees

1 The
Pharisee(s): In Judaism a religious sect that followed the whole written and oral law
Pharisees and
Sadducee(s): In Judaism a religious sect that followed primarily the first 5 books of the OT (Torah or Pentateuch)
Sadducees approached, c and as a test, asked Him to show them a sign from heaven. d

2 He answered them: “When evening comes you say, ‘It will be good weather because the sky is red.’ 3 And in the morning, ‘Today will be stormy because the sky is red and threatening.’ You
Other mss read Hypocrites! You
know how to read the appearance of the sky, but you can’t read the signs of the times.
Other mss omit When (v. 2) through end of v. 3
4An evil and adulterous generation demands a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of
Other mss add the prophet
h Then He left them and went away.

5 The disciples reached the other shore,
Lit disciples went to the other side
and they had forgotten to take bread.

6 Then Jesus told them, “Watch out and beware of the yeast
Or leaven
of the Pharisees and Sadducees.

7 And they discussed among themselves, We didn’t bring any bread.”

8 Aware of this, Jesus said, “You of little faith! l Why are you discussing among yourselves that you do not have bread? 9Don’t you understand yet? Don’t you remember the five loaves for the 5,000 and how many baskets you collected? 10 Or the seven loaves for the 4,000 and how many large baskets you collected? m 11 Why is it you don’t understand that when I told you, ‘Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees,’ it wasn’t about bread?” n 12 Then they understood that He did not tell them to beware of the yeast in bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees. o

Peter’s Confession of the Messiah

13 When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi,
A town north of Galilee at the base of Mount Hermon
q He asked His disciples, “Who do people say that the
Son of Man: The most frequent title Jesus used for Himself; Dn 7:13
Son of Man is?
Other mss read that I, the Son of Man, am

14 And they said, “Some say John the Baptist; others, Elijah; still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets.” t

15 “But you,” He asked them, “who do you say that I am?

16 Simon Peter answered, “You are the
Messiah: Or the Christ; the Greek word Christos means "the anointed one".
Messiah, the Son of the living God!” v

17 And Jesus responded, “Simon son of Jonah,
Or son of John
x you are blessed because flesh and blood did not reveal this to you, but My Father in heaven. y
18 And I also say to you that you are Peter,
Peter (Gk Petros) = a specific stone or rock
and on this rock
Rock (Gk petra) = a rocky crag or bedrock
I will build My church, ab and the forces
Lit gates
Hades: The Greek word for the place of the dead; it corresponds to the Hebrew word Sheol.
Hades will not overpower it.
19I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, ae and whatever you bind on earth is already bound
Or earth will be bound
in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth is already loosed
Or earth will be loosed
in heaven.

20 And He gave the disciples orders to tell no one that He was
Other mss add Jesus
the Messiah. ai

His Death and Resurrection Predicted

21 From aj then on Jesus began to point out to His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders,
chief priest(s): A group of Jewish temple officers that included the highpriest, captain of the temple, temple overseers, and treasurers
chief priests, and
scribe(s): A professional group in Judaism that copied the law of Moses and interpreted it, especially in legal cases
scribes, be killed, and be raised the third day. am
22 Then Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Him, “Oh no,
Lit Mercy to You = May God have mercy on You
Lord! This will never happen to You!”

23 But He turned and told Peter, “Get behind Me, Satan! You are an offense to Me because you’re not thinking about God’s concerns,
Lit about the things of God
but man’s.

Take Up Your Cross

24 Then Jesus said to His disciples, “If anyone wants to come with Me, he must deny himself, take up his cross, and follow Me. aq 25 For whoever wants to save his
life/soul: The Greek word psyche can be translated life or soul.
life will lose it, but whoever loses his life because of Me will find it. as
26 What will it benefit a man if he gains the whole world yet loses his life? Or what will a man give in exchange for his life? at 27 For the Son of Man is going to come with His angels in the glory of His Father, au and then He will reward each according to what he has done. 28
I assure you: This is a phrase used only by Jesus to testify to the certainty and importance of His words; in Mt, Mk and Lk it is literally Amen, I say to you, and in Jn it is literally Amen, amen, I say to you.
I assure you: There are some standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom.” aw
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