Matthew 5

The Sermon on the Mount

1When He saw the crowds, He went up on the mountain, a and after He sat down, His disciples came to Him. 2 Then
Lit Then opening His mouth
He began to teach them, saying: c

The Beatitudes

3 “The poor in spirit are blessed, d
for the kingdom of heaven e is theirs.
4 Those who mourn are blessed, f
for they will be comforted.
5 The gentle are blessed, g
for they will inherit the earth.
6 Those who hunger and thirst for righteousness are blessed, h
for they will be filled.
7 The merciful are blessed,
for they will be shown mercy. i
8 The pure in heart are blessed,
for they will see God. j
9 The peacemakers are blessed,
for they will be called sons of God. k
10 Those who are persecuted for righteousness are blessed,
for the kingdom of heaven l is theirs.

11“You are blessed when they insult and persecute you and falsely say every kind of evil against you because of Me. 12Be glad and rejoice, because your reward is great in heaven. For that is how they persecuted m the prophets who were before you. n

Believers Are Salt and Light

13 “You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt should lose its taste, how can it be made salty? It’s no longer good for anything but to be thrown out and trampled on by men. o

14 “You are the light of the world. A city situated on a hill cannot be hidden. p 15 No one lights a lamp q and puts it under a basket,
A large basket used to measure grain
but rather on a lampstand, and it gives light for all who are in the house. s
16In the same way, let your light shine
Or way, your light must shine
before men, so that they may see your good works and give glory to your Father in heaven. u

Christ Fulfills the Law

17 “Don’t assume that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. v 18 For
I assure you: This is a phrase used only by Jesus to testify to the certainty and importance of His words; in Mt, Mk and Lk it is literally Amen, I say to you, and in Jn it is literally Amen, amen, I say to you.
I assure you: Until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter
Or not one iota; iota is the smallest letter of the Gk alphabet.
or one stroke of a letter will pass from the law until all things are accomplished.
19 Therefore, whoever breaks one of the least of these commands and teaches people to do so will be called least in the kingdom of heaven. But whoever practices and teaches these commands will be called great in the kingdom of heaven. y 20 For I tell you, unless your righteousness surpasses that of the
scribe(s): A professional group in Judaism that copied the law of Moses and interpreted it, especially in legal cases
scribes and
Pharisee(s): In Judaism a religious sect that followed the whole written and oral law
Pharisees, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven.

Murder Begins in the Heart

21“You have heard that it was said to our ancestors,
Lit to the ancients
Do not murder, ac , ad and whoever murders will be subject to judgment. ae
22 But I tell you, everyone who is angry with his brother
Other mss add without a cause
will be subject to judgment. And whoever says to his brother, ‘Fool!’
Lit Raca, an Aram term of abuse similar to “airhead”
will be subject to the
Sanhedrin: The supreme council of Judaism with 70 members, patterned after Moses' 70 elders
Sanhedrin. But whoever says, ‘You moron!’ will be subject to
hell/hellfire: Greek Gehenna; Aramaic for Valley of Hinnom on the south side of Jerusalem; it was formerly a place of human sacrifice and in NT times a place for the burning of garbage; the place of final judgment for those rejecting Christ.
Lit the gehenna of fire
23 So if you are offering your gift on the altar, and there you remember that your brother has something against you, 24 leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go and be reconciled with your brother, and then come and offer your gift. 25Reach a settlement quickly with your adversary while you’re on the way with him, or your adversary will hand you over to the judge, the judge to
Other mss read judge will hand you over to
the officer, and you will be thrown into prison. am
26I assure you: You will never get out of there until you have paid the last penny!
Lit quadrans, the smallest and least valuable Roman coin, worth 1/64 of a daily wage

Adultery in the Heart

27“You have heard that it was said, Do not commit adultery. ao , ap 28 But I tell you, everyone who looks at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. aq 29 If your right eye
cause the downfall of/ causes to sin: The Greek word skandalizo has a root meaning of "snare" or "trap," but has no real English counterpart.
causes you to sin, as gouge it out and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of the parts of your body than for your whole body to be thrown into hell. at
30 And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of the parts of your body than for your whole body to go into hell!

Divorce Practices Censured

31“It was also said, Whoever divorces au his wife must give her a written notice of divorce. av , aw 32 But I tell you, everyone who divorces his wife, except in a case of sexual immorality,
Gk porneia = fornication, or possibly a violation of Jewish marriage laws
causes her to commit adultery. And whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery. ay

Tell the Truth

33 “Again, you have heard that it was said to our ancestors,
Lit to the ancients
You must not break your oath, but you must keep your oaths to the Lord. ba , bb
34 But I tell you, don’t take an oath at all: either by heaven, because it is God’s throne; 35 or by the earth, because it is His footstool; or by Jerusalem, because it is the city of the great King. bc 36 Neither should you swear by your head, because you cannot make a single hair white or black. 37 But let your word ‘yesbe ‘yes,’ and your ‘no’ be ‘no.’
Say what you mean and mean what you say
Anything more than this is from the evil one. be

Go the Second Mile

38“You have heard that it was said, An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. bf , bg 39 But I tell you, don’t resist
Or don’t set yourself against, or don’t retaliate against
an evildoer. On the contrary, if anyone slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also. bi
40As for the one who wants to sue you and take away your shirt,
Lit tunic; = inner garment
let him have your coat
Or garment; lit robe; = outer garment
as well.
41 And if anyone forces
Roman soldiers could require people to carry loads for them.
you to go one mile, go with him two.
42 Give to the one who asks you, and don’t turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you. bm

Love Your Enemies

43“You have heard that it was said, Love your neighbor bn , bo and hate your enemy. 44 But I tell you, love your enemies
Other mss add bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you,
and pray for those who
Other mss add mistreat you and
persecute you, br
45so that you may be
Or may become, or may show yourselves to be
sons of your Father in heaven. For He causes His sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. bt
46 For if you love those who love you, what reward will you have? Don’t even the tax collectors do the same? 47 And if you greet only your
brother(s): The Greek word adelphoi can be used as a reference to males only or to groups that include males and females. It is the context of each usage that determines the proper meaning.
brothers, what are you doing out of the ordinary?
Or doing that is superior; lit doing more
bw Don’t even the Gentiles
Other mss read tax collectors
do the same?
48 Be perfect, by therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect.
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