Matthew 27

Jesus Handed Over to Pilate

1When daybreak came, all the
chief priest(s): A group of Jewish temple officers that included the highpriest, captain of the temple, temple overseers, and treasurers
chief priests and the elders of the people plotted against Jesus to put Him to death. b
2After tying Him up, they led Him away and handed Him over to
Pilate: Pontius Pilate was governor of the province of Judea a.d. 26-36.
Other mss read Pontius Pilate
the governor. e

Judas Hangs Himself

3 Then Judas, His betrayer, seeing that He had been condemned, was full of remorse and returned the 30 pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders. f 4“I have sinned by betraying innocent blood,” he said.“What’s that to us?” they said. “See to it yourself!”

5 So he threw the silver into the sanctuary g and departed. Then he went and hanged himself.

6 The chief priests took the silver and said, “It’s not lawful h to put it into the temple treasury,
See Mk 7:11 where the same Gk word (Corban) means a gift pledged to the temple.
since it is blood money.”
Lit the price of blood
7 So they conferred together and bought the potter’s field with it as a burial place for foreigners. 8 Therefore that field has been called “Blood Fieldto this day. 9 Then what was spoken through the prophet Jeremiah was fulfilled:

They took the 30 pieces of silver, the price of Him whose price was set by the Israelites,
10and they gave them for the potter’s field, as the Lord directed me. k , l

Jesus Faces the Governor

11 Now Jesus stood before the governor. m “Are You the King of the Jews?” the governor asked Him.Jesus answered, “You have said it.
Or That is true, an affirmative oath; Mt 26:64; Mk 15:2
12 And while He was being accused by the chief priests and elders, He didn’t answer. p

13 Then Pilate said to Him, “Don’t You hear how much they are testifying against You?” 14 But He didn’t answer him on even one charge, so that the governor was greatly amazed. q

Jesus or Barabbas

15 At the festival r the governor’s custom was to release to the crowd a prisoner they wanted. 16At that time they had a notorious prisoner called Barabbas.
Other mss read Jesus Barabbas
17 So when they had gathered together, Pilate said to them, “Who is it you want me to release for you – Barabbas,
Other mss read Jesus Barabbas
or Jesus who is called
Messiah: Or the Christ; the Greek word Christos means "the anointed one".
Messiah?” v
18 For he knew they had handed Him over because of envy.

19While he was sitting on the judge’s bench, his wife sent word to him, “Have nothing to do with that righteous man, for today I’ve suffered terribly in a dream because of Him!” w

20 The chief priests and the elders, however, persuaded the crowds to ask for Barabbas and to execute Jesus. 21 The governor asked them, “Which of the two do you want me to release for you?”“Barabbas!” they answered.

22 Pilate asked them, “What should I do then with Jesus, who is called Messiah?”They all answered, “Crucify Him!”
Lit “Him – be crucified!”

23 Then he said, “Why? What has He done wrong?”But they kept shouting, “Crucify Him!” all the more. z

24When Pilate saw that he was getting nowhere,
Lit that it availed nothing
but that a riot was starting instead, he took some water, washed his hands in front of the crowd, and said, “I am innocent of this man’s blood.
Other mss read this righteous man’s blood
See to it yourselves!” ac

25 All the people answered, “His blood be on us ad and on our children!” 26 Then he released Barabbas to them. But after having Jesus flogged,
Roman flogging was done with a whip made of leather strips embedded with pieces of bone or metal that brutally tore the flesh.
he handed Him over to be crucified. af

Mocked by the Military

27 Then ag the governor’s soldiers took Jesus into
headquarters /palace: The Latin word Praetorium was used by Greek writers for the residence of the Roman governor; it may also refer to military headquarters, the imperial court, or the emperor's guard.
headquarters and gathered the whole
company/ regiment: Or cohort, a Roman military unit that numbered as many as 600 men
company around Him. aj
28They stripped Him and dressed Him in a scarlet military robe. ak 29They twisted together a crown of thorns, put it on His head, and placed a reed in His right hand. And they knelt down before Him and mocked Him: “Hail, King of the Jews!” 30 Then they spit on Him, took the reed, and kept hitting Him on the head. 31 When they had mocked Him, they stripped Him of the robe, put His clothes on Him, and led Him away to crucify Him. al

Crucified Between Two Criminals

32 As they were going out, they found a Cyrenian man named Simon. They forced this man to carry His cross. am 33When they came to a place called Golgotha an (which means Skull Place), 34they gave Him wine
Other mss read sour wine
mixed with gall to drink. But when He tasted it, He would not drink it.
35After crucifying Him they divided His clothes by casting lots.
Other mss add that what was spoken by the prophet might be fulfilled: “They divided My clothes among them, and for My clothing they cast lots.”
36 Then they sat down and were guarding Him there. 37 Above His head they put up the charge against Him in writing: THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

38 Then two criminals
Or revolutionaries
were crucified with Him, one on the right and one on the left. as
39 Those who passed by were yelling insults at
Lit passed by blasphemed or were blaspheming
Him, shaking their heads au
40 and saying, “The One who would demolish the sanctuary and rebuild it in three days, save Yourself! If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross!” av 41In the same way the chief priests, with the
scribe(s): A professional group in Judaism that copied the law of Moses and interpreted it, especially in legal cases
scribes and elders,
Other mss add and Pharisees
mocked Him and said,
42“He saved others, but He cannot save Himself! He is the King of Israel! ay Let Him
Other mss read If He . . . Israel, let Him
come down now from the cross, and we will believe in Him.
43He has put His trust in God; let God rescue Him now – if He wants Him!
Or if He takes pleasure in Him
For He said, I am God’s Son.’”
44In the same way even the criminals who were crucified with Him kept taunting Him. bb

The Death of Jesus

45 From noon until three in the afternoon
Lit From the sixth hour to the ninth hour
darkness came over the whole land.
Or whole earth
46 About three in the afternoon Jesus cried out with a loud voice, Elí, Elí, lemá
Some mss read lama; other mss read lima
that is, My God, My God, why have You forsaken
Or abandoned
bh , bi

47When some of those standing there heard this, they said, He’s calling for Elijah!”

48 Immediately one of them ran and got a sponge, filled it with sour wine, fixed it on a reed, and offered Him a drink. bj 49 But the rest said, “Let’s see if Elijah comes to save Him!”

50 Jesus shouted again with a loud voice and gave up His spirit. bk 51 Suddenly, the curtain of the sanctuary
A heavy curtain separated the inner room of the temple from the outer.
bm was split in two from top to bottom; the earth quaked and the rocks were split.
52 The tombs were also opened bn and many bodies of the
saint(s)/sanctification/sanctify/sanctified: The work of the Holy Spirit that separates believers in Jesus from the world; at the time of saving faith in Jesus, the believer is made a saint; therefore, all believers are saints. The believer participates with the Spirit in a process of transformation that continues until glorification. The goal of sanctification is progressive conformity to the image of Jesus Christ.
saints who had fallen
asleep: A term used in reference to those who have died
asleep were raised.
53 And they came out of the tombs after His resurrection, entered the holy city, and appeared to many.

54When the
centurion: A Roman officer who commanded about 100 soldiers
centurion and those with him, who were guarding Jesus, saw the earthquake and the things that had happened, they were terrified and said, “This man really was God’s Son!”
Or the Son of God

55 Many women who had followed Jesus from Galilee and ministered to Him were there, looking on from a distance. bt 56 Among them were
Mary Magdalene: Or Mary of Magdala; Magdala was probably on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee, north of Tiberias.
Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of Zebedee’s sons. bv

The Burial of Jesus

57 When it was evening, bw a rich man from Arimathea named Joseph came, who himself had also become a disciple bx of Jesus. 58 He approached Pilate and asked for Jesus’ body. Then Pilate ordered that it
Other mss read that the body
be released.
59 So Joseph took the body, wrapped it in
clean: When something is clean, it is holy or acceptable to God. When it is unclean, it is unholy (such as an unclean spirit). The term can be used in a ritual sense to apply to moral standards for living.
clean, fine linen,
60 and placed it in his new tomb, which he had cut into the rock. He left after rolling a great stone against the entrance of the tomb. ca 61 Mary Magdalene and the other Mary were seated there, facing the tomb.

The Closely Guarded Tomb

62 The next day, which followed the preparation day, the chief priests and the
Pharisee(s): In Judaism a religious sect that followed the whole written and oral law
Pharisees gathered before Pilate cc
63and said, “Sir, we remember that while this deceiver was still alive He said, ‘After three days I will rise again.’ cd 64 Therefore give orders that the tomb be made secure until the third day. Otherwise, His disciples ce may come, steal Him, and tell the people, ‘He has been raised from the dead.’ Then the last deception will be worse than the first.”

65“You have
Or “Take
a guard of soldiers,”
It is uncertain whether this guard consisted of temple police or Roman soldiers.
Pilate told them. “Go and make it as secure as you know how.”
66 Then they went and made the tomb secure by sealing the stone and setting the guard.
Lit stone with the guard
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