God’s Lawsuit against Judah1 Now listen to what the Lord is saying:Rise, plead your case before the mountains,
and let the hills hear your voice.
2 Listen to the Lord’s lawsuit a
you mountains and enduring foundations of the earth b
because the Lord has a case against His people c
and He will argue it against Israel.
3 My people d what have I done to you, e
or how have I wearied you? f
Testify against Me!
4 Indeed, I brought you up g from the land of Egypt
and redeemed you h from that place of slavery. i
I sent Moses j Aaron, and Miriam k ahead of you.
5 My people,
remember what Balak king of Moab l proposed,
what Balaam son of Beor answered him, m
and what happened from the Acacia Grove ▼
▼Or Shittim, o to Gilgal p
so that you may acknowledge
the Lord’s righteous acts. q
6 What should I bring before the Lord r
when I come to bow before God on high?
Should I come before Him with ▼
▼burnt offering(s): Or holocaust, an offering completely burned to ashes; it was used in connection with worship, seeking God's favor, expiating sin, or averting judgment.burnt offerings t
with year-old calves?
7 Would the Lord be pleased with thousands of rams u
or with ten thousand streams of oil?
Should I give my firstborn for my transgression v
the child of my body for my own sin?
8 Mankind, He has told you what is good w
and what it is the Lord requires of you: x
to act justly y
to love faithfulness z
and to walk humbly with your God. aa
Verdict of Judgment9 The voice of ▼
▼Yahweh/Yah: Or The Lord; the personal name of God in Hebrew; "Yah" is the shortened form of the name.Yahweh calls out to the city ▼
(and it is wise to ▼
▼fear(s) God or the Lord/ the fear of the Lord: No single English word conveys every aspect of the word fear in this phrase. The meaning includes worshipful submission, reverential awe, and obedient respect to the covenant-keeping God of Israel.fear Your name):
“Pay attention to the rod
and the One who ordained it. ▼
▼Or attention, you tribe. Who has ordained it?; Hb obscure
10 Are there still ▼
▼Hb obscurethe treasures of wickedness ag
and the accursed short measure ah
in the house of the wicked?
11 Can I excuse wicked scales
or bags of deceptive weights? ai
12 For the wealthy of the city are full of violence aj
and its residents speak lies; ak
the tongues in their mouths are deceitful. al
13 “As a result, I have begun to strike you severely ▼
▼LXX, Aq, Theod, Syr, Vg; MT reads I have made [you] sick by striking you down, an
bringing desolation because of your sins. ao
14 You will eat but not be satisfied ap
for there will be hunger within you.
What you acquire, you cannot save aq
and what you do save,
I will give to the sword. ▼
15 You will sow but not reap; as
you will press olives
but not anoint yourself with oil;
and you will tread grapes
but not drink the wine. at
16 The statutes of Omri
and all the practices of Ahab’s house
have been observed;
you have followed their policies. au
Therefore, I will make you a desolate place av
and the city’s ▼
▼Lit and itsresidents an object of contempt; ▼
▼Lit residents a hissing, ay
you will bear the scorn of My people.” ▼
▼LXX reads of the peoples, ba
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