Nehemiah 5

Social Injustice

1There was a widespread outcry from the people and their wives against their Jewish countrymen. 2 Some were saying, “We, our sons, and our daughters are numerous. Let us get grain so that we can eat and live.” 3 Others were saying, “We are mortgaging our fields, vineyards, and homes to get grain during the famine.” a 4Still others were saying, “We have borrowed money to pay the king’s tax b on our fields and vineyards. c 5We and our children are just like our countrymen and their children, yet we are subjecting our sons and daughters to slavery. d Some of our daughters are already enslaved, e but we are powerless
Lit but there is not the power in our hand
because our fields and vineyards belong to others.”

6I became extremely angry g when I heard their outcry and these complaints. 7After seriously considering the matter, I accused the nobles and officials, saying to them, “Each of you is charging his countrymen interest.” h So I called a large assembly against them 8and said, “We have done our best to buy back our Jewish countrymen who were sold to foreigners, but now you sell your own countrymen, and we have to buy them back.” i They remained silent and could not say a word. j 9Then I said, “What you are doing isn’t right. Shouldn’t you walk in the
fear(s) God or the Lord/ the fear of the Lord: No single English word conveys every aspect of the word fear in this phrase. The meaning includes worshipful submission, reverential awe, and obedient respect to the covenant-keeping God of Israel.
fear of our God l and not invite the reproach of our foreign enemies? m
10Even I, as well as my brothers and my servants, have been lending them money and grain. Please, let us stop charging this interest.
Or us forgive these debts
11 Return their fields, vineyards, olive groves, and houses to them immediately, along with the percentage
Lit hundredth
of the money, grain, new wine, and olive oil p that you have been assessing them.”

12They responded: “We will return these things and require nothing more from them. q We will do as you say.”So I summoned the priests and made everyone take an oath r to do this. 13I also shook the folds of my robe and said, “May God likewise shake from his house and property everyone who doesn’t keep this promise. May he be shaken out s and have nothing!”The whole assembly said, “
Amen: The transliteration of a Hebrew word signifying that something is certain, valid, truthful, or faithful; it is often used at the end of biblical songs, hymns, and prayers.
Amen,” and they praised the Lord. Then the people did as they had promised. u

Good and Bad Governors

14 Furthermore, from the day King Artaxerxes v appointed me to be their governor in the land of Judah – from the twentieth year until his thirty-second year, 12 years w – I and my associates never ate from the food allotted to the governor. 15The governors x who preceded me had heavily burdened the people, taking food and wine from them, as well as a pound
Lit 40 shekels
of silver. Their subordinates also oppressed the people, but I didn’t do this, because of the fear of God. z
16 Instead, I devoted myself to the construction of the wall, aa and all my subordinates were gathered there for the work. We didn’t buy any land. ab

17There were 150 Jews and officials, as well as guests from the surrounding nations at my table. ac 18 Each
Lit And that which was prepared each
day, one ox, six choice sheep, and some fowl were prepared for me. An abundance of all kinds of wine was provided every 10 days. ae But I didn’t demand the food allotted to the governor, because the burden on the people was so heavy.

19 Remember me favorably, my God, for all that I have done for this people. af
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