Numbers 15

Laws about Offerings

1The Lord instructed Moses: 2 “Speak to the Israelites and tell them: When you enter the land I am giving you to settle in, 3and you make a fire offering to the Lord from the herd or flock – either a
burnt offering(s): Or holocaust, an offering completely burned to ashes; it was used in connection with worship, seeking God's favor, expiating sin, or averting judgment.
burnt offering or a sacrifice, to fulfill a vow, b or as a freewill offering, or at your appointed festivals – to produce a pleasing aroma for the Lord,
4the one presenting his offering to the Lord must also present a
grain offering(s): An offering given along with animal sacrifices or given by itself. A portion was burnt and the priests and participant ate the remainder.
grain offering of two quarts
Lit a tenth (of an ephah)
of fine flour mixed with a quart
Lit a fourth hin
of oil.
5 Prepare a quart
Lit a fourth hin
of wine as a
drink offering: An offering of a specified amount of wine or beer given along with animal sacrifices; it was poured over the sacrifice before it was burned.
drink offering with the burnt offering or sacrifice of each lamb.

6 “If you prepare a grain offering with a ram, it must be four quarts
Lit two-tenths (of an ephah)
of fine flour mixed with a third of a gallon
Lit a third hin
of oil.
7Also present a third of a gallon
Lit a third hin
of wine for a drink offering as a pleasing aroma to the Lord.

8 “If you prepare a young bull as a burnt offering or as a sacrifice, to fulfill a vow, or as a
fellowship sacrifice(s) or offering(s): An animal offering was given to maintain and strengthen a person's relationship with God. It was not required as a remedy for impurity or sin but was an expression of thanksgiving for various blessings. An important function of this sacrifice was to provide meat for the priests and the participants in the sacrifice; it was also called the peace offering or the sacrifice of well-being.
fellowship offering to the Lord,
9a grain offering of six quarts
Lit three-tenths (of an ephah)
of fine flour mixed with two quarts
Lit a half hin
of oil must be presented with the bull.
10Also present two quarts
Lit a half hin
of wine as a drink offering. It is a fire offering of pleasing aroma to the Lord.
11 This is to be done for each ox, ram, lamb, or goat. 12This is how you must prepare each of them, no matter how many.

13 “Every Israelite is to prepare these things in this way when he presents a fire offering as a pleasing aroma to the Lord. 14 When a foreigner resides with you or someone else is among you and wants to prepare a fire offering as a pleasing aroma to the Lord, he is to do exactly as you do throughout your generations. 15The assembly is to have the same statute for
Sam, LXX read (14) . . . the Lord, the assembly must do exactly as you do. (15)The same statute will apply to . . .
both you and the foreign resident as a permanent statute throughout your generations. You and the foreigner will be alike before the Lord.
16The same law and the same ordinance will apply to both you and the foreigner who resides with you.” p

17The Lord instructed Moses: 18 “Speak to the Israelites and tell them: After you enter the land where I am bringing you, 19you are to offer a contribution to the Lord when you eat from the food of the land. 20You are to offer a loaf from your first batch of dough q as a contribution; offer it just like a contribution from the threshing floor. r 21Throughout your generations, you are to give the Lord a contribution from the first batch of your dough.

22 “When you sin unintentionally and do not obey all these commands that the Lord spoke to Moses s 23 all that the Lord has commanded you through Moses, from the day the Lord issued the commands and onward throughout your generations 24and if it was done unintentionally without the community’s awareness, the entire community is to prepare one young bull for a burnt offering as a pleasing aroma to the Lord, with its grain offering and drink offering according to the regulation, and one male goat as a
sin offering(s): Or purification offering, the sin offering was the most important OT sacrifice for cleansing from impurities. It provided purification from sin and certain forms of ceremonial uncleanness.
sin offering.
25The priest must then make
atone/ atonement: A theological term for God's provision to deal with human sin. In the OT, it primarily means purification. In some contexts forgiveness, pardon, expiation, propitiation, or reconciliation is included. The basis of atonement is substitutionary sacrifice offered in faith. The OT sacrifices were types and shadows of the great and final sacrifice of Jesus on the cross.
atonement for the entire Israelite community so that they may be forgiven, for the sin was unintentional. They are to bring their offering, one made by fire to the Lord, and their sin offering before the Lord for their unintentional sin.
26The entire Israelite community and the foreigner who resides among them will be forgiven, since it happened to all the people unintentionally.

27 “If one person sins unintentionally, v he is to present a year-old female goat as a sin offering. 28The priest must then make atonement before the Lord on behalf of the person who acts in error sinning unintentionally, and when he makes atonement for him, he will be forgiven. 29You are to have the same law for the person who acts in error, whether he is an Israelite or a foreigner who lives among you.

30“But the person who acts defiantly,
Lit with a high hand
whether native or foreign resident, blasphemes the Lord. x That person is to be cut off from his people.
31 He will certainly be cut off, because he has despised the Lord’s word and broken His command; his
guilt/guilty: The liability to be punished for a fault, a sin, an act, or an omission unless there is forgiveness or atonement; the term normally concerns an objective fact, not a subjective feeling.
guilt remains on him.”

Sabbath Violation

32 While the Israelites were in the wilderness, they found a man gathering wood on the Sabbath day. z 33Those who found him gathering wood brought him to Moses, Aaron, and the entire community. 34They placed him in custody because it had not been decided what should be done to him. 35Then the Lord told Moses, “The man is to be put to death. The entire community is to stone him outside the camp.” 36So the entire community brought him outside the camp and stoned him to death, as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Tassels for Remembrance

37 The Lord said to Moses, 38 “Speak to the Israelites and tell them that throughout their generations they are to make tassels aa for the corners of their garments, and put a blue cord on the tassel at each corner. 39These will serve as tassels for you to look at, so that you may remember all the Lord’s commands and obey them and not become unfaithful by following your own heart and your own eyes. 40This way you will remember and obey all My commands and be holy to your God. 41 I am
Yahweh/Yah: Or The Lord; the personal name of God in Hebrew; "Yah" is the shortened form of the name.
Yahweh your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt to be your God; I am Yahweh your God.” ac
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