Numbers 8

The Lighting in the Tabernacle

1The Lord spoke to Moses: 2 “Speak to Aaron and tell him: When you set up the lamps, the seven lamps are to give light in front of the lampstand.” 3So Aaron did this; he set up its lamps to give light in front of the lampstand just as the Lord had commanded Moses. 4This is the way the lampstand was made: it was a hammered work of gold, hammered from its base to its flower petals. The lampstand was made according to the pattern the Lord had shown Moses. a

Consecration of the Levites

5 The Lord spoke to Moses: 6 “Take the Levites from among the Israelites and ceremonially cleanse them. 7This is what you must do to them for their purification: Sprinkle them with the purification water. b Have them shave their entire bodies and wash their clothes, and so purify themselves. c

8“They are to take a young bull and its
grain offering(s): An offering given along with animal sacrifices or given by itself. A portion was burnt and the priests and participant ate the remainder.
grain offering of fine flour mixed with oil, and you are to take a second young bull for a
sin offering(s): Or purification offering, the sin offering was the most important OT sacrifice for cleansing from impurities. It provided purification from sin and certain forms of ceremonial uncleanness.
sin offering.
9 Bring the Levites before the tent of meeting and assemble the entire Israelite community. f 10Then present the Levites before the Lord, and have the Israelites lay their hands on them. 11 Aaron is to present the Levites before the Lord as a presentation offering from the Israelites, so that they may perform the Lord’s work. g 12Next the Levites are to lay their hands on the heads of the bulls. Sacrifice one as a sin offering and the other as a
burnt offering(s): Or holocaust, an offering completely burned to ashes; it was used in connection with worship, seeking God's favor, expiating sin, or averting judgment.
burnt offering to the Lord, to make
atone/ atonement: A theological term for God's provision to deal with human sin. In the OT, it primarily means purification. In some contexts forgiveness, pardon, expiation, propitiation, or reconciliation is included. The basis of atonement is substitutionary sacrifice offered in faith. The OT sacrifices were types and shadows of the great and final sacrifice of Jesus on the cross.
atonement for the Levites. j

13“You are to have the Levites stand before Aaron and his sons, and you are to present them before the Lord as a presentation offering. 14In this way you are to separate the Levites from the rest of the Israelites so that the Levites will belong to Me. k 15 After that the Levites may come to serve at the tent of meeting, once you have ceremonially cleansed them and presented them as a presentation offering. l 16 For they have been exclusively assigned to Me from the Israelites. m I have taken them for Myself in place of all who come first from the womb, every Israelite firstborn. n 17 For every firstborn among the Israelites is Mine, both man and animal. I consecrated them to Myself o on the day I struck down every firstborn in the land of Egypt. 18But I have taken the Levites in place of every firstborn among the Israelites. 19 From the Israelites, I have given the Levites exclusively to Aaron and his sons to perform the work for the Israelites at the tent of meeting and to make atonement on their behalf, so that no plague will come against the Israelites when they approach the sanctuary.” p

20 Moses, Aaron, and the entire Israelite community did this to the Levites. The Israelites did everything to them the Lord commanded Moses regarding the Levites. 21The Levites purified themselves and washed their clothes; then Aaron presented
Lit waved
them before the Lord as a presentation offering. Aaron also made atonement for them to ceremonially cleanse them.
22 After that, the Levites came to do their work at the tent of meeting in the presence of Aaron and his sons. So they did to them as the Lord had commanded Moses concerning the Levites.

23The Lord spoke to Moses: 24“In regard to the Levites: From 25 years old or more, a man enters the service in the work at the tent of meeting. r 25But at 50 years old he is to retire from his service in the work and no longer serve. 26He may assist his brothers to fulfill responsibilities
Or to keep guard
at the tent of meeting, t but he must not do the work. This is how you are to deal with the Levites regarding their duties.”
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